Counties in Mississippi
Types of local government
Local government in Mississippi consists of:
- Counties. Mississippi is divided up into Counties by Mississippi State Statute Title 19 Ch. 1. No counties can have charters.
- Cities. Any municipality with a population of 2,000 or greater is classified as a city by State Law.
- Towns. Any municipality with a population of lower than 2,000 but not less than 300 is classified as a town.
- Village. To be incorporated as a municipality a community must have a population of at least 100. If it has a population of greater than 100 but less than 300, it is classified as a village.
- In addition, there are 448 special districts and 164 independent school districts.
All municipalities have charters but most are code charters or general law. Only a few municipalities operating under a private or Home rule charter remain. There are 82 counties and 297 municipalities in Mississippi. Out of the 297 cities, towns and villages 20 have private or home rule charters and most of these are cities. There is no longer a provision allowing for the adopting of a private charter. Any municipality that has a private charter only has it because it never switched to a code charter.
Initiative process availability
Initiative is available for amendments to code and private charters under Mississippi Code Section 21-17-11 and 13. A private charter may vary from the statute requirements.
The 20 cities with private charters are:
Port Gibson, Rosedale, Okolona, Water Valley, Fulton, Carthage, Aberdeen, Louisville, Waveland, Indianola, West Point, Yazoo City, McComb, Corinth, Grenada, Natchez, Horn Lake, Columbus, Vicksburg, and Greenville.
The remaining cities operate under a code charter.
County website evaluations
As of 2009:
- Only one of the 82 counties posted its county budget online, (DeSoto).
- Five counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
- 20 included information about the county's elected officials.
- 23 included information about the county's administrative officials.
- 3 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
- Zero counties put information on their websites about external audits.
- Zero counties gave information about their contracts with county vendors.
- Zero county website disclosed whether the county belonged to any government sector lobbying associations.
- Zero counties provided information on how to request public records using the Mississippi Public Records Act.
- Four county websites provided some information about county taxes.
Counties without a website
As of February 26, 2009, there were 50 counties in Mississippi without a website.
- National Association of Counties Website "County Seats," accessed September 12, 2013
- Mississippi Cities and Types of Government Document
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Types and Numbers of Local Governments Research Spreadsheet
- Mississippi Initiative, Referendum and Charter Cities Research Document
This article was taken and modified from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia under the GNU license.
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