Courts in Arkansas
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Courts in Arkansas include a state court system and two federal district courts.
The Supreme Court is the state's court of last resort, meaning that it hears cases that have been tried and appealed from the lower courts. The court also plays a supervisory role over the other courts in the state, as well as the conduct of attorneys and the practice of law in the state.
The Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court in the state. Opinions decided by this court may be appealed to the Supreme Court. There is, however, no right to appeal decisions made by this court. The Supreme Court must agree to hear the appeal.
The circuit courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction in the state.
Courts with limited jurisdiction
The district courts have limited, county-wide jurisdiction in Arkansas.
The city courts are municipal courts with original jurisdiction over city ordinance violations.
The Arkansas County Courts are not judicial bodies, but instead act as an executive branch of government. They are presided over by a county judge who is the county executive.
The two federal district courts in Arkansas are the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas. Each of these courts has an associated bankruptcy court, which are managed jointly: the United States bankruptcy court, Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas.
The federal district courts are part of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.