Courts in Indiana

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More information on Indiana's state courts:
Selection methods
Federal courts

The courts in Indiana include the state court system and four federal courts.

The structure of Indiana's state court system.

Appellate Courts

Judgepedia's Supreme Weekly: The States

Indiana Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the state.[1] According to the Indiana Constitution, "[t]he Supreme Court shall exercise appellate jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as specified by rules except that appeals from a judgment imposing a sentence of death shall be taken directly to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall have, in all appeals of criminal cases, the power to review all questions of law and to review and revise the sentence imposed."[1][2]

Portal:Intermediate appellate courts in the states

Indiana Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court in the state. It hears appeals from the state's trial courts. It also handles appeals from some state agencies, like the Worker's Compensation Board, the Department of Workforce Development and the Utility Regulatory Commission.[3]

Trial Courts

Judgepedia:WikiProject Trial Courts

Indiana Circuit Courts

The Circuit Courts are trial courts of general jurisdiction in the state. There is a circuit court in each county.

Indiana Superior Courts

The superior courts are also general jurisdiction trial courts within the state. These courts handle all trial cases and can establish small claims and minor offense divisions. Nearly all counties in Indiana have a superior court in addition to their circuit court. [4][5][6]

There is one Probate Court in St. Joseph County. It is the only one of its kind in the state. [5]

Courts of limited jurisdiction

  • The Indiana Municipal Courts are created by municipalities (cities and towns) and have jurisdiction over violations of city ordinances, misdemeanors, infractions and traffic matters.
  • The Tax Court mostly functions as an appellate court, but can also function as a trial court, depending on the case. The court hears appeals of decisions made by state agencies that order taxpayers to pay a certain amount in taxes.[7]

Federal courts

There are four federal courts in Indiana:

Appeals go to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals.[8]

See also

External links


IndianaIndiana Supreme CourtIndiana Court of AppealsIndiana Superior CourtsIndiana Circuit CourtsIndiana Small Claims CourtsSt. Joseph County Probate Court, IndianaIndiana Tax CourtIndiana Municipal CourtsUnited States District Court for the Northern District of IndianaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of IndianaUnited States bankruptcy court, Northern District of IndianaUnited States bankruptcy court, Southern District of IndianaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitIndiana countiesIndiana judicial newsIndiana judicial electionsJudicial selection in IndianaIndianaTemplate.jpg