Courts in Maryland
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The courts in Maryland include the state court system and two federal courts.
The Court of Appeals is the court of last resort. It has exclusive jurisdiction over death penalty appeals, legislative redistricting, removal of some officers and is responsible for answering broad legal questions.
The Court of Special Appeals is the intermediate appellate court. Its jurisdiction has expanded so that it now considers any reviewable judgment, decree, order or other action of the circuit and orphans’ courts, unless otherwise provided by law. Judges sitting on the Court of Special Appeals generally hear and decide cases in panels of three.
The circuit courts are divided into eight circuits, and there is a circuit court in each of Maryland's 23 counties, plus Baltimore City. These courts handle the more major cases and also hear appeals from the lower courts. There are jury trials in the circuit courts.
Courts of limited jurisdiction
The Maryland Office of Administrative Hearings hears contested administrative law cases regarding the executive branch.
Appeals from these courts are heard in the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals.