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Courts in Virginia

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More information on Virginia's state courts:
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Federal courts

The courts in Virginia consist of a state court system and four federal courts.

The Virginia court system is composed of a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals, circuit courts, district courts and magistrates.

Appellate Courts

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Virginia Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Virginia. It has original jurisdiction in some cases, but it is primarily an appellate court.

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Virginia Court of Appeals

The Court of Appaels is the state's intermediate appellate court.[1]

Trial Courts

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Virginia Circuit Courts

The circuit courts are the only trial courts of general jurisdiction in Virginia. They have jurisdiction over most criminal and civil cases and can also hear appeals from the lower district courts. There are 120 circuit courts in the state that are organized into 31 circuits.[1][2]

Virginia District Courts

There are district courts in each of Virginia's 32 judicial districts. The general district courts deal with criminal offenses involving misdemeanors or violations of ordinances. The juvenile and domestic relations district courts handle cases involving persons under 18 years old and family matters.[1]

Courts of limited jurisdiction

There are eight magisterial regions in Virginia. The magistrates review complaints by law enforcement officials and citizens, conduct hearings, set bail, issue warrants for searches or arrests and issue subpoenas, among other things.[1]

Federal courts

There are four federal courts in Virginia.

Appeals from these federal courts go to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.

See also

External links


VirginiaVirginia Supreme CourtVirginia Court of AppealsVirginia Circuit CourtsVirginia District CourtsVirginia MagistratesUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of VirginiaUnited States District Court for the Western District of VirginiaUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of VirginiaUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of VirginiaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Fourth CircuitVirginia countiesVirginia judicial newsVirginia judicial electionsJudicial selection in VirginiaVirginiaTemplate.jpg