Courts in Virginia
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The courts in Virginia consist of a state court system and four federal courts.
The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Virginia. It has original jurisdiction in some cases, but it is primarily an appellate court.
The circuit courts are the only trial courts of general jurisdiction in Virginia. They have jurisdiction over most criminal and civil cases and can also hear appeals from the lower district courts. There are 120 circuit courts in the state that are organized into 31 circuits.
There are district courts in each of Virginia's 32 judicial districts. The general district courts deal with criminal offenses involving misdemeanors or violations of ordinances. The juvenile and domestic relations district courts handle cases involving persons under 18 years old and family matters.
Courts of limited jurisdiction
There are eight magisterial regions in Virginia. The magistrates review complaints by law enforcement officials and citizens, conduct hearings, set bail, issue warrants for searches or arrests and issue subpoenas, among other things.
There are four federal courts in Virginia.
- Eastern District of Virginia
- Western District of Virginia
- Eastern District of Virginia Bankruptcy Court
- Western District of Virginia Bankruptcy Court
Appeals from these federal courts go to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.