Cynthia Lummis

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Cynthia Lummis
Cynthia Lummis.jpg
U.S. House, Wyoming
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2009-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBarbara Cubin (R)
Leadership
Wyoming State Lands and Investment Acting Director
1997-1998
Aide to Wyoming Governor Jim Geringer
1994-1996
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$3.57 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Wyoming State Treasurer
1999-2007
Wyoming State Senate
1993-1995
Wyoming House of Representatives
1979-1983, 1985-1993
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Wyoming
J.D.University of Wyoming College of Law
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 10, 1954
Place of birthCheyenne, Wyoming
ProfessionRancher, lawyer
Net worth$14,410,011
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Cynthia Marie Lummis (b. September 10, 1954, in Cheyenne, WY) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Wyoming. Lummis represents Wyoming's At-Large Congressional District and was first elected to the House in 2008.

Lummis won re-election on November 4, 2014.[1] Lummis defeated former U.S. Marine Jason Senteney in the Republican primary on August 19, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lummis is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Lummis earned her B.A. and B.S. in animal science and biology from the University of Wyoming and worked on her family's ranch before becoming the youngest woman elected to the Wyoming Legislature in 1979. After serving in the Wyoming House of Representatives, she returned to the University of Wyoming to earn her J.D. She then practiced law and eventually returned to politics, serving in the Wyoming House of Representatives and the Wyoming State Senate.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Lummis' professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lummis serves on the following committees:[4][5]

2011-2012

Lummis was a member of the following House committees:[6]

  • Committee on Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on the Interior and the Environment
    • Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Lummis's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Lummis voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Lummis voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Lummis voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Lummis voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Lummis voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Lummis joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Lummis voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lummis voted against HR 2775.[23]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Lummis voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Lummis voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Lummis voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[28] Lummis joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[29][30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Nay3.png Lummis voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was one of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Lummis' Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lummis is a Hard-Core Conservative. Lummis received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[33]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[32]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Cynthia Lummis endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [34]

Elections

2014

See also: Wyoming's At-Large Congressional District elections, 2014

Lummis won re-election to the U.S. House to represent Wyoming's at-Large District on November 4, 2014. Lummis defeated former U.S. Marine Jason Senteney in the Republican primary on August 19, 2014.

Election results

General election
U.S. House, Wyoming's At-Large District General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCynthia Lummis Incumbent 68.5% 112,874
     Democratic Richard Grayson 22.9% 37,760
     Libertarian Richard Brubaker 4.3% 7,104
     Constitution Daniel Clyde Cummings 4.1% 6,735
     N/A Write-in 0.2% 398
Total Votes 164,871
Source: Wyoming Secretary of State Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.
Republican primary
U.S. House, Wyoming At-Large District Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngCynthia Lummis Incumbent 75.9% 70,918
Jason Senteney 23.8% 22,251
Write-in 0.3% 274
Total Votes 93,443
Source: Wyoming Secretary of State

Race background

Republican debate


"2014 Primary Debates - U.S. House."

2012

See also: Wyoming's At-Large Congressional District elections, 2012

Lummis won re-election in 2012. She ran unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democrat Chris Henrichsen and Libertarian Richard Brubaker in the November general election.[35]

U.S. House, Wyoming At-Large District General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCynthia Lummis Incumbent 69% 166,452
     Democratic Chris Henrichsen 23.9% 57,573
     Libertarian Richard Brubaker 3.5% 8,442
     Constitution Daniel Clyde Cummings 2.1% 4,963
     Country Don Willis 1.6% 3,775
Total Votes 241,205
Source: Wyoming Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Lummis attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lummis' reports.[38]

Cynthia Lummis (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 14, 2013$124,142.22$5,531.64$(50,538.24)$79,135.62
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$78,635.62$36,190$(18,434.32)$96,391.30
October Quarterly[41]October 14, 2013$96,391.30$78,761$(29,115.86)$146,036.44
Year-end[42]January 31, 2014$146,036$53,885$(13,837)$186,083
April Quarterly[43]April 13, 2014$186,083.67$42,320$(19,845.12)$208,558.55
July Quarterly[44]July 18, 2014$208,558.55$517.17$(39,452.11)$220,823.44
October Quarterly[45]October 3, 2014$240,606.68$848.65$(39,056.13)$286,415.55
Running totals
$218,053.46$(210,278.78)

Comprehensive donor information for Lummis is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Lummis raised a total of $3,026,193 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.[46]

Cynthia Lummis's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Wyoming, At-Large District) Won $715,313
2010 US House (Wyoming, At-Large District) Won $780,426
2008 US House (Wyoming, At-Large District) Won $1,530,454
Grand Total Raised $3,026,193

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012


Lummis won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Lummis' campaign committee raised a total of $715,314 and spent $593,403.[47]

Cost per vote

Lummis spent $3.57 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Lummis' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Lummis won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Lummis' campaign committee raised a total of $780,426 and spent $576,836.[48]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lummis' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $5,332,023 to $23,487,999. That averages to $14,410,011, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Lummis ranked as the 39th most wealthy representative in 2012.[49] Between 2007 and 2012, Lummis' calculated net worth[50] decreased by an average of 15 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[51]

Cynthia Lummis Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$53,624,003
2012$14,410,011
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-73%
Average annual growth:-15%[52]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[53]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Lummis received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Wyoming's At-large Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[54]

From 2007-2014, 33.5 percent of Lummis' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[55]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Cynthia Lummis Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,330,534
Total Spent $2,874,632
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$413,900
Retired$231,710
Livestock$170,711
Mining$166,949
Leadership PACs$132,572
% total in top industry12.43%
% total in top two industries19.38%
% total in top five industries33.5%

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[56]

Lummis most often votes with:

Lummis least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lummis is a "far-right Republican," as of July 21, 2014.[57] This was the same rating Lummis received in June 2013.[58]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lummis missed 111 of 4,333 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lummis paid her congressional staff a total of $1,015,627 in 2011. Overall, Wyoming ranked 6th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Lummis ranked 149th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Lummis was one of three members who ranked 120th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[62]

2011

Lummis was one of two members of congress who ranked 126th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Lummis voted with the Republican Party 90.5 percent of the time, which ranked 204th among the 233 House Republican members as of July 2014.[64]

2013

Lummis voted with the Republican Party 94 percent of the time, which ranked 179th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Lummis and her husband, Al Wiederspahn, have one daughter.[3]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Cynthia + Lummis + Wyoming + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Cynthia Lummis News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Cynthia Lummis

References

  1. OKNews.com, "Rep. Lummis announces re-election bid," accessed April 24, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "Wyoming - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 19, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Official House website, "Biography," accessed November 22, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  6. Official House website, "Committees," accessed November 22, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 69 - Requires Threat Assessment of Pipeline Vulnerabilities to a Terrorist Attack - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 On The Issues, "Lummis Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  33. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  34. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 23, 2011
  35. Wyoming Elections Division, "2012 Primary Candidate Roster," accessed June 10, 2012
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Lummis 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 25, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, Year End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2014
  46. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Cynthia Lummis," accessed April 18, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Lummis Campaign Contributions," accessed February 22, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Cynthia Lummis 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 22, 2011
  49. OpenSecrets, "Lummis, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  51. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  53. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  54. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 29, 2014
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Cynthia Lummis," accessed September 29, 2014
  56. OpenCongress, "Cynthia Lummis," accessed July 21, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Lummis," accessed July 21, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Lummis," accessed June 27, 2013
  59. GovTrack, "Lummis," accessed July 21, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Cynthis Lummis," accessed September 7, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 21, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Barbara Cubin
U.S. House of Representatives - Wyoming
2009-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Wyoming State Treasurer
1999-2007
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Wyoming State Senate
1993-1995
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Wyoming House of Representatives
1979-1983, 1985-1993
Succeeded by
'