Dallas Independent School District, Texas

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Dallas Independent School District
Dallas, Texas
Dallas Independent School District logo.jpg
District Profile
Superintendent:Mike Miles
Enrollment:158,932[1]
Graduation rate:81%[2]
Number of schools:229
Budget: $1.2 billion
Website:School Home Page
Board of Education
Board president:Eric Cowan
Board members:9
Term length:3
The Dallas Independent School District is a public school system operating 229 schools throughout Dallas County, Texas. These schools served 158,932 K-12 students in Dallas and 14 neighboring cities during the 2012-2013 school year. The district is pursuing large-scale school construction and renovation due to $1.35 billion in public funds approved by voters in 2008. Dallas Independent School District has improved graduation rates from 62% in 2008 to 81% in 2013.[2] Dallas Independent School District is the second-largest school district in Texas.

About the district

Dallas Independent School District is located in Dallas County, Texas
Dallas Independent School District is located in Dallas, the county seat of Dallas County, Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, Dallas is home to 1,241,162 residents.[3]

Demographics

Dallas outperformed the rest of Texas in terms of higher education achievement in 2010. The United States Census Bureau found that 29.0 percent of Dallas residents aged 25 years and older had attained a bachelor's degree compared to 26.3 percent for Texas as a whole. The median household income in Dallas was $42,436 compared to $51,563 for the state of Texas. The poverty rate in Dallas was 23.6 percent compared to 17.4 percent for the entire state.[3]

Racial Demographics, 2010[3]
Race Dallas (%) Texas (%)
White 50.7 70.4
Black or African American 25.0 11.8
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7 0.7
Asian 2.9 3.8
Two or More Races 2.6 2.7
Hispanic or Latino 42.4 37.6

Presidential votes, 2000-2012[4]
Year Democratic vote (%) Republican vote (%)
2012 57.1 41.6
2008 57.1 41.8
2004 48.9 50.3
2000 44.8 52.5

Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin, not a race. Therefore, the Census allows citizens to report both their race and that they are from a "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin simultaneously. As a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table will exceed 100 percent. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages.[5]

Superintendent

The superintendent of Dallas Independent School District during the 2013-2014 school year was Mike Miles. He has served in the position since his appointment in 2012. Miles previously served as the superintendent of Harrison School District Two in Colorado from 2006 to 2012. Miles worked as a Foreign Service Officer with the U.S. State Department prior to focusing on a career in education.[6]

School board

The Dallas Board of Trustees consists of nine members elected by district to three-year terms. Trustees are not paid but receive compensation for travel expenses and conference fees associated with district business.[7]

Dallas Independent School District map.jpg
Dallas Board of Trustees
Member District Term Ends
Elizabeth Jones 1 2015
Mike Morath 2 2017
Dan Micchiche 3 2015
Nancy Bingham 4 2016
Lew Blackburn 5 2016
Carla Ranger 6 2014
Eric Cowan 7 2016
Miguel Solis 8 2017
Bernadette Nutall 9 2015


School board elections

See also: Dallas Independent School District elections (2014)

Members of the Board of Trustees are elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis. Three seats are up for election each May with Districts 2, 6 and 8 on the ballot on May 13, 2014.

Public participation in board meetings

The Board of Trustees maintains the following policy regarding public participation in board meetings last updated in 2013:

Public participation shall begin at 4:00 p.m. on Board Briefing Day. Speakers on Board Briefing Day shall be limited to specific agenda items. Persons who have not addressed the Board on Board Briefing Day but who are properly registered may address the regular Board meeting as to agenda items, policies or matters of public concern. At all other times during Board meetings, the audience shall not enter into discussion or debate on matters being considered by the Board. No presentation shall exceed three minutes. Delegations consisting of two or more persons shall appoint one person to present their views before the Board.

BOARD’S RESPONSE
Specific factual information or recitation of existing policy may be furnished in response to inquiries, but the Board shall not deliberate, discuss, or make any decision on any subject not on the agenda.

COMPLAINTS AND CONCERNS
The Presiding Officer or designee shall determine whether a person addressing the Board has attempted to solve a matter administratively through resolution channels established by policy. If not, the person shall be referred to the appropriate policy (see list below) to seek resolution: Employee complaints: DGBA Student or parent complaints: FNG Public complaints: GF

CONDUCT AT BOARD MEETINGS
The Board shall not tolerate disruption of the meeting by members of the public. If, after at least one warning from the President, any person continues to disrupt the meeting by his or her words or actions, the Board President shall request assistance from law enforcement officials to have the person removed from the meeting.

Persons attending Board meetings shall not engage in conduct that disrupts, interrupts, or causes delays in the proceedings of a Board meeting; shall obey the orders of the Presiding Officer; and shall observe the rules of conduct at Board meetings. The Superintendent of Schools shall take such measures as may be necessary to ensure that decorum is preserved at all times during Board meetings.

The following behavior standards shall apply to persons attending Board meetings:

  • As a condition of entry, all citizens/visitors shall agree to pass through metal detectors; those who refuse to comply shall not be allowed access to the meeting.
  • Attendees may not bring posters, banners, or other items that may disrupt the meeting.
  • Attendees shall be seated during the meeting. No one shall be allowed to stand on the sides, rear, or in the aisles, and anyone refusing to sit shall be asked to leave the auditorium or site of the meeting.
  • A person who wishes to address the Board at the Board Brief-ing shall register to do so with the Board Services Office, prior to the meeting, in person or by telephoning the Office of Board Services during regular office hours up and until 5:00 p.m. on the day preceding the Briefing. The earliest a person may register for an upcoming regular Board meeting or an upcoming Board Briefing is the next regular business day following the posting of that meeting. The deadline for registering to address the Board is 5:00 p.m. the day before the regular Board meeting. Registrations shall not be accepted after 5:00 p.m. the day preceding the meeting. Only persons who are properly registered may address the Board.
  • Speakers at the Board Briefings shall have the opportunity to speak on specific agenda items. Substitutions shall not be allowed for the speaker who registered.
  • Persons who have not addressed the Board on Board Briefing Day but who are properly registered may address the regular Board meeting as to those agenda items before the Board. Persons who are unable to address the Board on Board Briefing Day may request to speak on nonagenda items at the regular monthly Board meeting after the Board has concluded its agenda.
  • No person shall be allowed to address the Board twice in a 30-day period. This prohibition shall not apply to public hearings. Testimony at such a hearing shall not disqualify a person from addressing the Board for the following 30-day period.
  • A person addressing the Board who continues to speak after the three-minute allotment shall be warned by the sound of a tone that the allotted time is up. The speaker must then return to his or her seat or exit the site of the meeting.
  • Attendees shall not cross the roped off buffer area in the front of the auditorium or meeting site without approval of security personnel. Crossing the line despite a warning may result in the violator being removed from the premises.
  • Attendees shall not engage in acts that breach the peace of a Board meeting, such as fights, assaults, exhibitions of fire-arms, disorderly conduct, disruptive activity, or any other criminal conduct that breaches the peace. Any person who becomes boisterous or disruptive while addressing the Board or while attending a Board meeting shall be asked to leave by the Presiding Officer. If the person fails to leave, the person shall be removed from the room if directed by the Presiding Officer. If the Presiding Officer fails to act, any Trustee may move to require enforcement of the rules, and the affirmative vote of a majority of the Board shall require the Presiding Officer to act.
  • An attendee who engages in behavior described in item 10, above, for which he or she is asked to leave shall, if he or she leaves cooperatively, not be allowed to address a Board meeting for 60 days. If it is necessary to remove such person, that person shall not be allowed to address a Board meeting for the ensuing 90 days.
  • Members of the news media and their equipment shall remain in a specific area in the auditorium or Board meeting site. Persons who ignore the request to remain in the area designated for news media representatives may be removed from the meeting.

[8]

—Dallas Independent School District's website, (2014), [9]

Budget

Dallas Independent School District publishes its annual budget on its website.[10]

Expenditures by Category
School Year Staff Expenses Student Services Operational Expenses Debt Service Other Budget Total
Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget
2013-2014 $839,674,565 69.8% $121,349,829 10.1% $236,863,611 19.7% $2,203,700 0.2% $2,694,300 0.2% $1,202,786,005
Averages: $839,674,565 70% $121,349,829 10% $236,863,611 20% $2,203,700 0% $2,694,300 0% $1,202,786,005

Teacher salaries

Teacher salaries at Dallas Independent School District are categorized based on higher education achievement and years of service. A teacher with a Bachelor's degree can earn higher salaries by pursuing graduate degrees. The salary schedule also accounts for graduate degrees by providing higher starting salaries and greater potential salaries. The following table lists salaries for district teachers during the 2013-2014 school year:[11]

Salary structure
Degree level Minimum salary ($) Maximum salary ($)
B.A. 46,002 79,210
MA 47,022 86,533
Ph.D. 49,062 89,085

Unions

Teachers at Dallas Independent School District are represented by Alliance-AFT. The president of Alliance-AFT during the 2011-2012 school year was Rena Honea.[12]

Schools in Dallas Independent School District

Enrollment

The district's K-12 student enrollment grew from 157,143 during the 2010-2011 school year to 158,932 during the 2012-2013 school year.[1][13]

District schools

Dallas Independent School District operates 229 K-12 schools listed below in alphabetical order:[14]

Dallas Independent School District
A. Maceo Smith New Tech High School
Adelfa Botello Callejo Elementary School
Adell Turner Elementary School
Albert Sidney Johnston Elementary School
Alex Sanger Elementary School
Alex W. Spence Middle Learning Center & Talented/Gifted Academy
Amelia Earhart Learning Center
Ann Richards Middle School
Anne Frank Elementary School
Annie Webb Blanton Elementary School
Anson Jones Elementary School
Arcadia Park Elementary School
Arthur Kramer Elementary School
Arturo Salazar Elementary School
Ascher Silberstein Elementary School
Balch Springs Middle School
Barack Obama Male Leadership Academy
Barbara Jordan Elementary School
Barbara M. Manns Education Center
Bayles Elementary School
Ben Milam Elementary School
Benjamin Franklin Middle School
B.H. Macon Elementary School
Billy Earl Dade Middle School
Birdie Alexander Elementary School
Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts
Boude Storey Middle School
Bryan Adams High School
C.A. Tatum Jr. Elementary School
Casa View Elementary School
Celestino Mauricio Soto Jr. Elementary School
Central Elementary School
Cesar Chavez Learning Center
C.F. Carr Elementary School
Charles A. Gill Elementary School
Charles Rice Learning Center
Clara Oliver Elementary School
Clinton P. Russell Elementary School
Dallas Environmental Science Academy
Dallas ISD Evening Academy
Dan D. Rogers Elementary School
Daniel Webster Elementary School
David G. Burnet Elementary School
David W. Carter High School
Dr. Wright L. Lassiter Early College High School
E.B. Comstock Middle School
Ebby Halliday Elementary School
E.D. Walker Middle School
Edna Rowe Elementary School
Eduardo Mata Elementary School
Edward H. Cary Middle School
Edward Titche Elementary School
Edwin J. Kiest Elementary School
Eladio R. Martinez Learning Center
Elementary DAEP-Dallas
Elisha M. Pease Elementary School
Emmett J. Conrad High School
Esperanza Hope Medrano Elementary School
Everett L. DeGolyer Elementary School
Felix G. Botello Elementary School
F.P. Caillet Elementary School
Francisco F. Pancho Medrano High School
Frank Guzick Elementary School
Franklin D. Roosevelt High School
Fred F. Florence Middle School
Frederick Douglass Elementary School
Gabe P. Allen Charter School
George Bannerman Dealey Montessori Vanguard and International Academy
George Herbert Walker Bush Elementary School
George Peabody Elementary School
George W. Truett Elementary School
George Washington Carver Learning Center
Gilbert Cuellar Sr. Elementary School
H. Grady Spruce High School
Harold Wendell Lang Sr. Middle School
Harrell Budd Elementary School
Harry C. Withers Elementary School
Harry Stone Montessori Academy
Hector P. Garcia Middle School
Henry B. Gonzalez Elementary School
Henry W. Longfellow Career Exploration Academy
Herbert Marcus Elementary School
H.I. Holland Elementary School at Lisbon
Highland Meadows Elementary School
Hillcrest High School
Ignacio Zaragoza Elementary School
Irma Lerma Rangel Young Women's Leadership School
Jack Lowe Sr. Elementary School
James Bowie Elementary School
James Madison High School
James S. Hogg Elementary School
Jerry R. Junkins Elementary School
Jill Stone at Vickery Meadow Elementary School
Jimmie Tyler Brashear Elementary School
J.L. Long Middle School
J.N. Ervin Elementary School
John B. Hood Middle School
John F. Peeler Elementary School
John F. Kennedy Learning Center
John H. Reagan Elementary School
John Ireland Elementary School
John J. Pershing Elementary School
John Leslie Patton Jr. Academic Center
John Neely Bryan Elementary School
John Q. Adams Elementary School
John W. Carpenter Elementary School
John W. Runyon Elementary School
Joseph J. Rhoads Learning Center
J.P. Starks Math Science and Technology Vanguard
Judge Barefoot Sanders Magnet Center for Public Service
Julian T. Saldivar Elementary School
Julie Dorsey Elementary School
Justin F. Kimball High School
J.W. Ray Elementary Learning Center
Kathlyn Joy Gilliam Collegiate Academy
Kennedy-Curry Middle School
K.B. Polk Vanguard Center for Academically Talented and Gifted
Kleberg Elementary School
Lakewood Elementary School
Larry G. Smith Elementary School
Learning Alternative Center for Empowering Youth
Lee A. McShan Jr. Elementary School
Leila P. Cowart Elementary School
Lenore Kirk Hall Elementary School
Leonidas Gonzalez Cigarroa M.D. Elementary School
Leslie A. Stemmons Elementary School
L.G. Pinkston High School
Lida Hooe Elementary School
Lincoln High School
Lincoln Humanities/Communications Magnet
L.L. Hotchkiss Elementary School
L.O. Donald Elementary School
Lorenzo de Zavala Elementary School
Louise Wolff Kahn Elementary School
L.V. Stockard Middle School
Maple Lawn Elementary School
Margaret B. Henderson Elementary School
Marisa Moreno Elementary School
Mark Twain Fundamental Vanguard
Martha Turner Reilly Elementary School
Martin Luther King Jr. Learning Center
Martin Weiss Elementary School
Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School
Maya Angelou High School
Moises E. Molina High School
Mount Auburn Elementary School
Multiple Careers Magnet Center
Nancy Cochran Elementary School
Nancy Moseley Elementary School
Nathan Adams Elementary School
Nathaniel Hawthorne Elementary School
North Dallas High School
Obadiah Knight Elementary School
Oliver W. Holmes Middle School and Classical Academy
Onesimo Hernandez Elementary School
Oran M. Roberts Elementary School
Paul L. Dunbar Learning Center
Pleasant Grove Elementary School
Preston Hollow Elementary School
Raul Quintanilla Sr. Middle School
Reinhardt Elementary School
Richard Lagow Elementary School
Robert E. Lee Elementary School
Robert L. Thornton Elementary School
Robert T. Hill Middle School
Roger Q. Mills Elementary School
Ronald E. McNair Elementary School
Rosemont Elementary School
Rosemont Primary School-Chris V. Semos Campus
Rosie M. Collins Sorrells School of Education and Social Services
Rufus C. Burleson Elementary School
Sam Houston Elementary School
Sam Tasby Middle School
San Jacinto Elementary School
Sarah Zumwalt Middle School
School Community Guidance Center
School for the Talented and Gifted at Yvonne A. Ewell Townview Center
School of Business and Management at Yvonne A. Ewell Townview Center
School of Health Professions at Yvonne A. Ewell Townview Center
School of Science and Engineering at Yvonne A. Ewell Townview Center
Seagoville Elementary School
Seagoville High School
Seagoville Middle School
Seagoville North Elementary School
Sidney Lanier Expressive Arts Vanguard
Skyline Career Development Center
Skyline High School
South Oak Cliff High School
S.S. Conner Elementary School
Stephen C. Foster Elementary School
Stevens Park Elementary School
Stonewall Jackson Elementary School
Sudie L. Williams Elementary School
Sunset High School
T.G. Terry Elementary School
Thelma Elizabeth Page Richardson Elementary School
Thomas A. Edison Middle Learning Center
Thomas C. Marsh Middle School
Thomas J. Rusk Middle School
Thomas Jefferson High School
Thomas L. Marsalis Elementary School
Thomas Tolbert Elementary School
Tom C. Gooch Elementary School
Tom W. Field Elementary School
Trinidad Trini Garza Early College
T.W. Browne Middle School
Umphrey Lee Elementary School
Urban Park Elementary School
Victor H. Hexter Elementary School
Walnut Hill Elementary School
W.E. Greiner Exploratory Arts Academy
W.H. Adamson High School
W.H. Gaston Middle School
Whitney M. Young Jr. Elementary School
William A. Blair Elementary School
William B. Travis Academy/Vanguard for the Academically Talented and Gifted
William Brown Miller Elementary School
William L. Cabell Elementary School
William Lipscomb Elementary School
William M. Anderson Elementary School
William Hawley Atwell Law Academy
Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary School
Wilmer-Hutchins High School
Winnetka Elementary School
Woodrow Wilson High School
W.T. White High School
W.W. Bushman Elementary School
W.W. Samuell High School
Zan Wesley Holmes Jr. Middle School

Academic performance

The Texas Education Agency issues an annual accountability report for each school district in the state. This rating determines if district schools fulfill expectations in four categories of educational achievement during a particular school year. The following terms explain these categories:

  • Student Achievement: Measures student performance on the annual Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test.
  • Student Progress: Measures student performance in reading, math and writing courses at the district level.
  • Closing Performance Gaps: Measures year-to-year performance among students in the lowest-performing demographics.
  • Postsecondary Readiness: Measures student readiness for college, employment or military service after graduation.

Dallas Independent School District received a Met Standard designation on the state's 2013 report. District schools met 91% of indicators set forth by state education officials and all four assessment categories. The following table details the district's accountability report during the 2012-2013 school year:[15]

Performance Index Summary, 2012-2013
Category Points earned Maximum points Index score Target score
Student Achievement 208,115 303,653 69 50
Student Progress 2,030 5,400 38 21
Closing Performance Gaps 1,047 1,500 70 55
Postsecondary Readiness 1,345.5 1,600 84 75

Issues

Home-rule effort by Support Our Public Schools

Volunteers with a local group called Support Our Public Schools circulated petitions starting on March 4, 2014 to turn the district into a home-rule district. A state law passed in 1995 allows local residents to replace their existing district structure with a home-rule charter. This charter could bypass some state regulations including minimum salary schedules for teachers, curriculum standards and the number of days in a school year. Support Our Public Schools is a group funded by former hedge fund manager John Arnold and several anonymous donors through his non-profit organization, Action Now Initiative. Arnold worked with local officials including board member Mike Morath to form the group due to concerns about the district's record of academic performance. Morath supports Support Our Public Schools but does not serve on the group's board.[16] The organization hopes to complete the entire process in time for the gubernatorial election on November 4, 2014. If successful, Dallas Independent School District would be the first school district in Texas to use the home-rule charter process.[17]

Support Our Public Schools submitted more than 48,000 petitions to district officials in mid-May 2014. District officials certified that enough valid signatures were submitted to proceed to the next step in the process in late May 2014.[18][19] The group had to gather at least 24,459 valid signatures or five percent of registered voters in the district to force the creation of a charter commission by the school board. School board members appointed 15 members to the charter commission during a meeting on June 19, 2014.[20]

Each member of the board is a resident of the district, four board members are teachers and the entire board is designed to reflect the district's demographic makeup. Two members of the commission were selected by the entire board, four educators were selected by an advisory panel and each trustee selected one commission member. D. Marcus Ranger, the husband of outgoing trustee Carla Ranger, and Lew Blackburn, Jr., the son of current trustee Lew Blackburn, Sr., were appointed to the commission. The state's home-rule charter law does not restrict spouses or relatives of current board members from serving on commissions. Commission members have until June 2015 to develop a home-rule charter for the district. If approved by the Texas Commissioner of Education, voters would approve or reject the charter at the polls. State law requires a simple majority and at least 25% of registered voters to cast ballots in the charter election.[17] The following table details the charter commission including how they were appointed:[20]

Charter commission[20]
Member Appointed by
Bob Weiss Entire board
Stephanie Elizalde Entire board
Melissa Malonson District 1 trustee Elizabeth Jones
Edwin Flores District 2 trustee Mike Morath
Jeff Veazey District 3 trustee Dan Micciche
Ricardo Mendez District 4 trustee Nancy Bingham
Lew Blackburn, Jr. District 5 trustee Lew Blackburn Sr.
D. Marcus Ranger District 6 trustee Carla Ranger
Jerome Garza District 7 trustee Eric Cowan
Danae Gutierrez District 8 trustee Miguel Solis
Shirley Ison-Newsome District 9 trustee Bernadette Nutall
Isaac Freeman Advisory panel
Ron Oliver Advisory panel
Bonita Reece Advisory panel
Julie Sandel Advisory panel

Local officials and advocates debated the group's efforts during the petition drive. Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings supports the effort in order to bring change to the district while board members Lew Blackburn and Bernadette Nutall have questioned the motivations of Support Our Public Schools. Superintendent Mike Miles has not endorsed or rejected the movement but believes the home-rule effort is unnecessary as the district has initiated reforms within the current structure.[21] Alliance-AFT president Rena Honea argues that this effort is "part of a plan to underfund our schools, declare them a failure, and contract out to private operators the control of our neighborhood schools, disenfranchising parents and community stakeholders and de-professionalizing teaching."[17][22]

Mark Melton, a local attorney and charter supporter, published a seven-page constitution in May 2014 intended to guide the charter commission. This constitution developed by Melton and four colleagues would leave the district largely unchanged. The document proposes a three-term limit on all board members, a provision for recalling board members and an earlier start date for district schools. Melton's proposal would allow a recall election to take place if 15 percent of residents in a trustee district signed petitions. He offered the proposals as a reaction to the rancorous debate taking place between Support Our Public Schools volunteers and some district residents.[19]

Investigation into superintendent legal bills

In late 2013, the Board of Trustees solicited legal opinions regarding legal fees accrued by Superintendent Mike Miles during an investigation into a contract awarded earlier in the year. Miles was billed $18,143 by law firm Adams, Lynch and Loftin for representation during a hearing by arbitrator Paul Coggins in July 2013. The district paid the superintendent's legal fees due to a clause in his contract that covers fees for legal proceedings. The board heard legal opinions during a February 13, 2014 meeting to determine if reimbursement was appropriate for an internal investigation. Coggins did not find any wrongdoing by Miles in awarding contracts but determined that Miles talked to witnesses throughout the investigation. The final report by Coggins also found that Miles helped write a resignation letter for a former district official that criticized the Board of Trustees. Miles was given a 90-day employee improvement period and a letter of reprimand after the hearing.[23]

Contact information

Dallas Independent School District logo.jpg
Dallas Independent School District
3700 Ross Ave.
Dallas, TX 75204
Phone: (972) 925-3700

Website evaluation

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Taxes N
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Budget Y
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Meetings Y
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Elected Officials Y
600px-Yes check.png
Administrative Officials N
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Contracts P
Partial.png
Audits Y
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Public Records Y
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Academics Y
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Background Checks N
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School district websitesGuide.png
Transparency grading process

See also: Evaluation of Texas school district websites


The good

  • Current and recent budgets, including revenue information, are posted.[24]
  • Board of Trustees are listed with contact information, including phone numbers and addresses.[25]
  • Meeting dates, agendas, minutes and videos are available.[26]
  • Past audits are posted.[27]
  • Superintendent's contact information is posted.[28]
  • Department contact information is posted, but administrators are not listed.[28]
  • Academic performance results are provided.[29]
  • Applications, benefits and compensation information are posted.[30]
  • Vendor information and bids are posted.[31]
  • Employee pay scales are posted.[30]
  • Public information request services are provided.[32]

The bad

  • Local tax information is not provided.
  • Administrative officials do not have contact information provided.
  • Contract dates are not posted.
  • Criminal history process information is not provided

See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dallas Independent School District, "2012-2013 Facts," accessed February 12, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dallas Independent School District, "Dallas ISD Brag Sheet," accessed February 12, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 United States Census Bureau, "Dallas, Texas," accessed February 12, 2014
  4. Dallas County Elections, "Historical Election Results," accessed February 12, 2014
  5. United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
  6. Dallas Independent School District, "Superintendent," accessed February 12, 2014
  7. Dallas Independent School District, "Compensation and Expenses," November 12, 2007
  8. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  9. Dallas Independent School District, "Public Participation," September 17, 2013
  10. Dallas Independent School District, "Dallas ISD Budget," accessed November 26, 2013
  11. Dallas Independent School District, "2013-2014 Salary Handbook," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Alliance-AFT, "Contact Us," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cohort
  14. Dallas Independent School District, "School Directory," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. Dallas Independent School District, "Accountability Summary 2013," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. Dallas Morning News, "Dallas ISD trustee Mike Morath explains his role in home-rule group," March 10, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Dallas Morning News, "Group pushes for election to remake Dallas ISD as freer home-rule district," March 2, 2014
  18. Dallas Morning News, "Dallas ISD trustees struggle with how to form home-rule commission," May 30, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 Dallas Morning News, "Dallas attorney Mark Melton’s group releases proposed home-rule charter for Dallas ISD," May 21, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Dallas Morning News, "Dallas ISD trustees name 15-member commission to write home-rule charter," June 20, 2014
  21. Dallas Morning News, "Superintendent Mike Miles: Home rule not key to a better Dallas ISD," March 19, 2014
  22. "Dallas Observer," "Dallas ISD Trustees Are Skeptical of Shadowy Home-Rule District Push," March 4, 2014
  23. Dallas Morning News, "Dallas ISD pays superintendent’s legal bill in investigation," February 10, 2014
  24. Dallas Independent School District, "Dallas ISD Budget," accessed February 12, 2014
  25. Dallas Independent School District, "Board Contact Information," accessed February 12, 2014
  26. Dallas Independent School District, "Board Meetings & Agendas," accessed February 12, 2014
  27. Dallas Independent School District, "Financial Audit Reports," accessed February 12, 2014
  28. 28.0 28.1 Dallas Independent School District, "Contact Dallas ISD," accessed February 12, 2014
  29. Dallas Independent School District, "Evaluation and Assessment," accessed February 12, 2014
  30. 30.0 30.1 Dallas Independent School District, "Career Center," accessed February 12, 2014
  31. Dallas Independent School District, "Procurement Services," accessed February 12, 2014
  32. Dallas Independent School District, "Public Information Requests," accessed February 12, 2014