Phil Roe

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Phil Roe
Phil Roe.jpg
U.S. House, Tennessee, District 1
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 6
PredecessorDavid Davis (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$2.81 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$1,938,717
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor, Johnson City, Tennessee
Vice Mayor, Johnson City, Tennessee
Planning Commissioner, Johnson City
Bachelor'sAustin Peay State University, 1967
M.D.University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis, 1973
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1973-1974
Date of birthJuly 21, 1945
Place of birthClarksville, TN
Net worth$4,234,361.50
Office website
Campaign website

David "Phil" Roe (b. July 21, 1945, in Clarksville, TN) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Tennessee, representing the 1st District. Roe was first elected in 2008 and most recently won re-election in 2014.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Roe is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Prior to his election to the U.S. House, Roe was active in Johnson City, Tennessee's local government, including serving two years as mayor of the town.[2]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Roe's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1967: Graduated from Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, Tenn.
  • 1970: Graduated from University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
  • 1973-1974: United States Army
  • 2003-2008: Served Planning Commissioner, Johnson City, Tenn.
  • 2003-2007: Served as Vice Mayor, Johnson City, Tenn.
  • 2007-2009: Served as Mayor, Johnson City, Tenn.
  • 2009-Present: U.S. Representative from Tennessee

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Roe served on the following committees:[3]


Roe served on the following committees:

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[4] For more information pertaining to Roe's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security


Yea3.png Roe supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Roe supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[6]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Roe opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[6]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Roe supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[7] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[6]


2014 Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[8] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[9][10] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[10] Roe voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[11][12] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[12] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[13] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Roe voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[11]

2013 Farm bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Roe supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Roe voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Roe voted against HR 2775.[20]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Roe supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Roe supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues


Yea3.png Roe supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[25] Roe joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[26][27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Nay3.png Roe voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]


On The Issues Vote Match

Roe's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Roe is a Hard-Core Conservative. Roe received a score of 16 percent on social issues and 76 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Phil Roe endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [31]

Campaign themes


According to Roe's website, his campaign themes included:

  • Energy: "...achieving energy independence should be a job creator, not a job killer."
  • Taxes: "... believes our tax rates are too high and our tax code is too complex."
  • Healthcare: "...enact health care reform that would lower costs and improve the quality of care."[32]



See also: Tennessee's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Roe won re-election to the U.S. House to represent Tennessee's 1st District on November 4, 2014.[1] Roe defeated Dan Hartley and John Rader in the Republican primary.[33]

Election results

General election
U.S. House, Tennessee District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPhil Roe Incumbent 82.8% 115,495
     Libertarian Michael Salyer 3% 4,145
     Independent Robert Franklin 7.1% 9,905
     Green Robert Smith 7.1% 9,869
Total Votes 139,414
Source: Tennessee Secretary of State Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.
Primary election
U.S. House, Tennessee District 1 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngPhil Roe Incumbent 83.8% 72,903
Daniel Hartley 8.7% 7,533
John Rader 7.5% 6,557
Total Votes 86,993
Source: Results via Associated Press


See also: Tennessee's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Roe was re-elected in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Tennessee's 1st District.[34] Roe ran unopposed in the August 2, 2012, Republican primary. He defeated Alan Woodruff (D), Karen Brackett (I) and Michael Salyer (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[35]

U.S. House, Tennessee District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Alan Woodruff 19.9% 47,663
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPhil Roe Incumbent 76% 182,252
     Green Robert N Smith 1.2% 2,872
     Independent Karen Brackett 2% 4,837
     Independent Michael Salyer 0.9% 2,048
Total Votes 239,672
Source: Tennessee Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Roe attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Roe's reports.[38]

Phil Roe (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 12, 2013$389,641.22$2,400$(53,428.44)$338,612.78
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$338,612.78$99,554$(80,295.66)$357,871.12
October Quarterly[41]October 15, 2013$366,167.19$144,225$(63,996.8)$446,395.39
Year-End[42]January 15, 2014$446,395$102,493$(74,740)$474,793
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2014$474,793.59$13,065$(27,962.84)$459,895.75
Running totals

Comprehensive donor information for Roe is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Roe raised a total of $1,938,717 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 28, 2013.[44]

Phil Roe's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Tennessee, District 1) Won $706,755
2010 US House (Tennessee, District 1) Won $518,529
2008 US House (Tennessee, District 1) Won $713,433
Grand Total Raised $1,938,717

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Roe won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Roe's campaign committee raised a total of $706,756 and spent $511,316.[45]

Cost per vote

Roe spent $2.81 per vote received in 2012.


Roe won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Roe's campaign committee raised a total of $518,529 and spent $346,589.[46]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Roe's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,653,367 to $4,815,356. That averages to $4,234,361.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Roe ranked as the 86th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47] Between 2007 and 2012, Roe‘s calculated net worth[48] decreased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[49]

Phil Roe Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-5%
Average annual growth:-1%[50]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[51]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Roe is the chair of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions. Roe received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Tennessee's 1st Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[52]

From 2005-2014, 33.55 percent of Roe's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[53]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Phil Roe Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,821,083
Total Spent $2,237,652
Chair of the the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$423,588
General Contractors$224,500
Building Materials & Equipment$67,300
Real Estate$55,551
% total in top industry15.02%
% total in top two industries22.97%
% total in top five industries33.55%


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[54]

Roe most often votes with:

Roe least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Roe was a "far-right Republican leader," as of July 30, 2014.[55] This was the same rating Roe received in June 2013.[56]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Roe missed 31 of 4,365 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.7 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[57]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Roe paid his congressional staff a total of $931,348 in 2011. Overall, Tennessee ranked 39th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[58]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Roe was one of three members or Congress who ranked 49th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[59]


Roe ranked 115th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[60]


Roe ranked 142nd in the conservative rankings in 2011.[61]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Roe voted with the Republican Party 95.9 percent of the time, which ranked 34th among the 233 House Republican members as of July 2014.[62]


Roe voted with the Republican Party 96.7 percent of the time, which ranked 86th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[63]


Roe and his wife, Pam, have three children and two grandchildren.[64]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Phil + Roe + Tennessee + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Phil Roe News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Huffington Post, "Election 2014," accessed November 6, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Roe," accessed June 25, 2013
  3., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on National Security," accessed August 27, 2013
  7. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  8. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  9. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Vote Smart, "Roe on agriculture," accessed October 11, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans push through Farm Bill, without food stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Roe's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 11, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Roe's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 11, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Roe on abortion," accessed October 11, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Roe Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed December 22, 2011
  32. Phil Roe for Congress, "Issues," accessed September 10, 2012
  33. Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 7, 2014
  34. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Tennessee"
  35. Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results"
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Roe 2014 Summary Reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Roe Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  44. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Phil Roe," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Roe Campaign Contributions," accessed February 28, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "David P. Roe 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  47. OpenSecrets, "Roe, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  49. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  51. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  52., "My Congressional District," accessed October 1, 2014
  53., "Rep.Phil Roe," accessed October 1, 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Phil Roe," accessed July 30, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Phil Roe," accessed July 30, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Phil Roe," accessed June 25, 2013
  57. GovTrack, "Roe," accessed July 30, 2014
  58. LegiStorm, "Phil Roe," accessed September 18, 2012
  59. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 30, 2014
  60. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  61. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. Roe for Congress, "About Phil," accessed April 15, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
David Davis
U.S. House of Representatives - Tennessee District 1
Succeeded by