Public education in Delaware

From Ballotpedia
(Redirected from Delaware school districts)
Jump to: navigation, search

K-12 Education in Delaware
Flag of Delaware.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Mark Murphy
Number of students: 128,946[1]
Number of teachers: 8,587
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15
Number of school districts: 44
Number of schools: 221
Graduation rate: 80%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $12,685[3]
See also
Delaware Department of EducationList of school districts in DelawareDelawareSchool boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Delaware
Glossary of education terms
Note: The statistics on this page are mainly from government sources, including the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Center for Education Statistics. Figures given are the most recent as of June 2014, with school years noted in the text or footnotes.
The Delaware public school system (prekindergarten-grade 12) operates within districts governed by locally elected school boards and superintendents. In 2012 Delaware had 128,946 students enrolled in a total of 221 schools in 44 school districts. While the national ratio of teachers to students was 1:16, in Delaware there were 8,587 teachers in the public schools, or roughly one teacher for every 15 students. There was roughly one administrator for every 290 students, compared to the national average of one administrator for every 295 students.[4] On average Delaware spent $12,685 per pupil in 2011, which ranks it 13th highest in the nation. The state's high school graduation rate was 80 percent in 2012. This was the Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate reported to the United States Department of Education for all students in 2011-2012.[5]

State agencies

School Board badge.png
State Education Departments

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming

See also
Delaware Secretary of Education
List of school districts in Delaware
Public education in Delaware
School board elections portal
The Delaware Department of Education has four branches: Secretary of Education Office, Education Supports and Innovative Practices, Teaching and Learning and Financial Reform and Resource Management. The current Secretary of Education is Mark Murphy.[6] He was appointed in 2012.[7]

The mission statement of the Delaware Department of Education reads:[8]

Delaware’s Department of Education is committed to promoting the highest quality education for every Delaware student by providing visionary leadership and superior service.[9]

The Delaware State Board of Education has seven members who are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Delaware State Senate. Its statutory duties include reviewing and approving regulations and applications for charter schools and setting long range goals for all aspects of public education in the state.[10]

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Delaware Department of Education adopted these standards on August 19, 2010, and implemented them during the 2012-2013 school year.[11][12]

Regional comparison

See also: General comparison table for education statistics in the 50 states and Education spending per pupil in all 50 states

The following chart shows how Delaware compares to three neighboring states with respect to number of students, schools, the number of teachers per pupil, and the number of administrators per pupil. Further comparisons between these states with respect to performance and financial information are given in other sections of this page.

Regional Comparison
State Schools Districts Students Teachers Teacher/pupil ratio Administrator/pupil ratio Per pupil spending
Delaware 221 44 128,946 8,587 1:15 1:289.8 $12,685
Maryland 1,451 25 854,086 57,589 1:14.8 1:238.8 $13,871
New Jersey 2,596 700 1,356,431 109,719 1:12.4 1:288 $15,968
Pennsylvania 3,181 784 1,771,395 124,646 1:14.2 1:334.6 $13,467
United States 98,328 17,992 49,521,669 3,103,263 1:16 1:295.2 $10,994
Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey", 2011-12 v.1a.

National Center for Education Statistics, Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Delaware as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[13]

Demographic Information for Delaware's K-12 Public School System
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 622 0.48% 1.10%
Asian 4,421 3.43% 4.68%
African American 40,793 31.64% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students 81 0.06% 0.42%
Hispanic 16,846 13.06% 24.37%
White 63,876 49.54% 51.21%
Two or More 2,307 1.79% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

Enrollments by region type

See also: Student distribution by region type in the U.S.

More students in Delaware attend suburban schools than city, town or rural schools. That case is the same in Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, as shown in the table below.

Student distribution by region type, 2011 - 2012 (as percents)
State City schools Suburban schools Town schools Rural Schools
Delaware 13.4% 45.2% 17.2% 24.2%
Maryland 16.9% 59.9% 5.3% 18.0%
New Jersey 7.2% 80.8% 2.0% 10.0%
Pennsylvania 19.2% 45.7% 12.1% 23.0%
U.S. average 28.9% 34.0% 11.6% 25.4%
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD) (timed out)

Academic performance

Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy terms
Academic bankruptcyAcademic EarthAcademic performanceAdaptive softwareBlended learningCarnegie unitCharter schoolsCommon CoreDropout rateDual enrollmentEnglish Language LearnersFree or reduced-price lunchGlobal competence learningHomeschoolingImmersion learningKhan AcademyLocal education agencyMagnet schoolsNAEPOnline learningParent trigger lawsProgressive educationRegulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation RateSchool choiceSchool vouchersTeacher merit payVirtual charter schools
See also

NAEP scores

See also: NAEP scores by state

The National Center for Education Statistics provides state-by-state data on student achievement levels in mathematics and reading in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Delaware's scores were lower than three of its neighboring states (Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania).[14]

Percent of students scoring at or above proficient, 2012-2013
Math - Grade 4 Math - Grade 8 Reading - Grade 4 Reading - Grade 8
Delaware 42 33 38 33
Maryland 47 37 45 42
New Jersey 49 49 42 46
Pennsylvania 44 42 40 42
U.S. average 41 34 34 34
NAEP assessment data for all students 2012-2013

pChart

Graduation, ACT and SAT scores

See also: Graduation rates by groups in state and ACT and SAT scores in the U.S.

The following table shows the graduation rates, average composite ACT and SAT scores, and rankings for Delaware and surrounding states.[15][16][17]

Comparison table for graduation rates and test scores*
State Graduation rate, 2012 Average ACT Composite, 2012 Average SAT Composite, 2013
Percent Quintile ranking** Score Participation rate Score Participation rate
Delaware 80% Third 22.6 14% 1351 100%
Maryland 84% Second 22.1 21% 1483 73%
New Jersey 86% First 23.4 20% 1521 78%
Pennsylvania 84% Second 22.4 18% 1480 71%
U.S. average 80% 21.1 1498
*Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Rate (except for Idaho, Kentucky, Oklahoma, which did not report “Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate,” but instead used their own method of calculation).
**Graduation rates for states in the first quintile ranked in the top 20 percent nationally. Similarly, graduation rates for states in the fifth quintile ranked in the bottom 20 percent nationally.
Source: United States Department of Education, ED Data Express

Dropout rate

See also: Public high school dropout rates by state for a full comparison of dropout rates by group in all states

The high school event dropout rate indicates the proportion of students who were enrolled at some time during the school year and were expected to be enrolled in grades 9–12 in the following school year but were not enrolled by October 1 of the following school year. Students who have graduated, transferred to another school, died, moved to another country, or who are out of school due to illness are not considered dropouts. The average public high school event dropout rate for the United States remained constant at 3.3 percent for both SY 2010–11 and SY 2011–12. The event dropout rate for Delaware was higher than the national average at 3.6 percent in the 2010-2011 school year, and 3.5 percent in the 2011-2012 school year.[18]

Educational choice options

See also: School choice in Delaware

Delaware has the country's third highest private school attendance rate. In addition to private schools, the state has a number of other school choice options, including Charter schools in Delaware, open enrollment, online learning, and homeschooling.

Education funding and expenditures

See also: Delaware state budget and finances
Breakdown of expenditures by function in FY 2012
Source: National Association of State Budget Officers

According to the National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO), the state spent approximately 24.6 percent of its fiscal year 2012 budget on elementary and secondary education. This is up 1.5 percentage points, which represents a 6.5 percent increase in the share of the budget from fiscal year 2008, when the state spent 23.1 percent of its budget on elementary and secondary education.[19][20][21][22][23] Nearly 60 percent of Delaware's education revenue comes from state funding. Local funding accounts for just over 29 percent, and federal funding accounts for approximately 11 percent.

Comparison of financial figures for school systems
State Percent of budget (2012) Per pupil spending (2011) Revenue sources (2011)
Percent federal funds Percent state funds Percent local funds
Delaware 24.6% $12,685 11.24% 59.59% 29.17%
Maryland 19.5% $13,871 9.35% 40.99% 49.67%
New Jersey 23.5% $15,968 5.14% 37.06% 57.8%
Pennsylvania 18.4% $13,467 12.74% 34.2% 53.06%
Sources: NASBO, "State Expenditure Report," Table 8: Elementary and Secondary Education Expenditures As a Percent of Total Expenditures
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Revenue breakdowns

See also: Public school system revenues in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system revenues in Delaware totaled approximately $1.8 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including revenue sources, for Delaware and surrounding states.[24]

Revenues by source, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Federal revenue State revenue Local revenue Total revenue
Delaware $202,501 $1,073,154 $525,263 $1,800,918
Maryland $1,255,964 $5,508,339 $6,674,775 $13,439,078
New Jersey $1,320,021 $9,521,328 $14,847,190 $25,688,539
Pennsylvania $3,469,273 $9,309,365 $14,444,802 $27,223,440
U.S. total $74,943,767 $267,762,416 $264,550,594 $607,256,777
Public school revenues by source, FY 2011 (as percents)

pChart

Expenditure breakdowns

See also: Public school system expenditures in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system expenditures in Delaware totaled approximately $1.9 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including expenditure types, for Delaware and surrounding states.[24]

Expenditures by type, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Current expenditures** Capital outlay Other*** Total expenditures
Delaware $1,615,778 $184,094 $54,090 $1,853,962
Maryland $11,818,032 $989,839 $185,991 $12,993,862
New Jersey $22,686,943 $930,701 $1,393,507 $25,011,151
Pennsylvania $23,541,287 $2,269,812 $1,477,788 $27,288,887
U.S. total $520,577,893 $52,984,139 $29,581,293 $603,143,325
**Funds spent operating local public schools and local education agencies, including such expenses as salaries for school personnel, student transportation, school books and materials, and energy costs, but excluding capital outlay, interest on school debt, payments to private schools, and payments to public charter schools.
***Includes payments to state and local governments, payments to private schools, interest on school system indebtedness, and nonelementary-secondary expenditures, such as adult education and community services expenditures.
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Public school expenditures, FY 2011 (as percents)

pChart

Personnel salaries

See also: Public school teacher salaries in the U.S.
Note: Salaries given are averages for the state. Within states there can be great variation in salaries between urban, suburban and rural districts. When comparing nominal teachers' salaries, it is important to remember that for a true comparison, salaries must be adjusted for the cost of living in each area. For example, when adjusted for cost of living, Los Angeles drops from second highest to 17th highest; New York City drops even further, from third highest to 59th out of 60.[25]

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the average national salary for classroom teachers in public elementary and secondary schools has declined by 1.3 percent from the 1999-2000 school year to the 2012-2013 school year. During the same period in Delaware, the average salary decreased by 1.7 percent.[26]

Estimated average salaries for teachers (in constant dollars**)
1999-2000 2009-2010 2011-2012 2012-2013 Percent difference
Delaware $60,724 $60,930 $59,779 $59,679 -1.7%
Maryland $60,196 $68,285 $64,693 $65,265 8.4%
New Jersey $71,083 $69,523 $68,194 $68,797 -3.2%
Pennsylvania $66,035 $63,146 $62,965 $63,521 -3.8%
U.S. average $57,133 $58,925 $56,340 $56,383 -1.3%
**"Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis. The CPI does not account for differences in inflation rates from state to state."

Organizations

Unions

In 2012, the Fordham Institute and Education Reform Now assessed the power and influence of state teacher unions in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Their rankings were based on 37 different variables in five broad areas, including: resources and membership, involvement in politics, scope of bargaining, state policies and perceived influence. Delaware ranked 19th overall, or strong, which was in the second tier of five.[27]

The main union related to the Delaware school system is the Delaware State Education Association, an affiliate of the National Education Association (NEA). Other local Delaware unions include:[28]

Taxpayer-funded lobbying

See also: Delaware government sector lobbying

The main education government sector lobbying organization is the Delaware School Boards Association.

Transparency

In May 2009, Governor Jack Markell announced that by July 30, 2009, citizens would be able to see the state's expenditures online in a searchable database. Markell said, "During these historically challenging financial times, it is critical Delawareans are confident their state tax dollars are being spent as effectively and efficiently as possible."[29]

The Caesar Rodney Institute launched an independent government spending transparency website, DelawareSpends.com, which allows users to search state employee payrolls and vendor payments. Visitors to the site can also post their own data, thoughts, questions, and concerns on the DelawareSpends Forum.

Studies and reports

State Budget Solutions education study

See also: State spending on education v. academic performance (2012)

State Budget Solutions examined national trends in education from 2009 to 2011, including state-by-state analysis of education spending, graduation rates and average ACT scores. The study showed that the states that spent the most did not have the highest average ACT test scores, nor did they have the highest average graduation rates. A summary of the study is available here. The full report can be accessed here.

Quality Counts 2014

See also: Quality Counts 2014 Report

Education Week, a publication that reports on many education issues throughout the country, began using an evaluation system in 1997 to grade each state on various elements of education performance. This system, called Quality Counts, uses official data on performance from each state to generate a report card for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The report card in 2014 used six different categories:

  1. Chance for success
  2. K-12 achievement
  3. Standards, assessments and accountability
  4. The teaching profession
  5. School finance
  6. Transitions and Alignment

Each of these six categories had a number of other elements that received individual scores. Those scores were then averaged and used to determine the final score in each category. Every state received two types of scores for each of the six major categories: A numerical score out of 100 and a letter grade based on that score. Education Week used the score for the first category, "chance for success," as the value for ranking each state and the District of Columbia. The average grade received in the entire country was 77.3, or a C+ average. The country's highest average score was in the category of "standards, assessments and accountability" at 85.3, or a B average. The lowest average score was in "K-12 achievement", at 70.2, or a C- average.

Delaware received a score of 79.8, or a B- average in the "chance for success" category. This was above the national average. The state's highest score was in standards, assessments and accountability at 87.5, or a B+ average. The lowest score was in K-12 achievement at 68.5, or a D+ average. Delaware had the lowest scores in chance of success and K-12 achievement when compared to its neighboring states. The chart below displays all of the scores of Delaware and its surrounding states.[30]

Note: Click on a column heading to sort the data.

Public education report cards, 2014
State Chance for success K-12 achievement Standards, assessments and accountability The teaching profession School finance Transitions and Alignment
Delaware 79.8 (B-) 68.5 (D+) 87.5 (B+) 74.4 (C) 80.0 (B-) 78.6 (C+)
Maryland 85.9 (B) 83.1 (B) 88.3 (B+) 83.7 (B) 85.2 (B) 96.4 (A)
New Jersey 88.2 (B+) 82.1 (B-) 75.5 (C) 67.2 (D+) 84.5 (B) 82.1 (B-)
Pennsylvania 82.6 (B) 75.6 (C) 77.7 (C+) 74.6 (C) 82.0 (B-) 78.6 (C+)
United States Average 77.3 (C+) 70.2 (C-) 85.3 (B) 72.5 (C) 75.5 (C) 81.1 (B-)
Source: Education Week, "Quality Counts 2014 report cards," accessed February 18, 2015

A full discussion of how these numbers were generated can be found here.

School districts

See also: School board elections portal

District types

Delaware operates both public school districts and 12 private charter schools. There are also a few schools that constitute their own school district, such as the Family Foundations Academy, Gateway Lab School and Prestige Academy.[31]

District statistics

See also: List of school districts in Delaware

The following table displays the state's top five school districts by total student enrollment:

Student enrollment
1.) Christina School District
2.) Red Clay Consolidated School District
3.) Brandywine School District
4.) Colonial School District
5.) Appoquinimink School District

School board composition

School board members are elected by residents of the school district. If it becomes necessary to fill a vacancy (except for expiration of a term), the school district will inform the public and the Department of Elections that conducts elections for that specific school district that the vacancy has occurred no later than five business days following the vacancy. School boards in Delaware generally consist of five to seven members, elected to five-year terms. Elections are held annually on the second Tuesday in May.[32]

Term limits

Delaware does not impose statewide term limits on school board members.[33]

Elections

See also: Delaware school board elections, 2014 and Delaware school board elections, 2015

A total of five Delaware school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections in 2015 for eight seats. All of the elections are scheduled on May 12, 2015.

The district listed below served 61,999 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Click on the district name for more information on the district and its school board elections.

2015 Delaware School Board Elections
District Date Seats up for election Total board seats Student enrollment
Appoquinimink School District 5/12/2015 1 5 9,214
Brandywine School District 5/12/2015 2 7 10,801
Christina School District 5/12/2015 1 7 16,303
Colonial School District 5/12/2015 2 7 9,711
Red Clay Consolidated School District 5/12/2015 2 7 15,970

Path to the ballot

A qualified person wishing to become a candidate for election to the board in a public school district in Delaware must:[34]

  • Complete a candidate filing form, have his/her signature notarized and submit the form to the Department of Elections
  • Complete the Certification of Intention form and mail it to the Office of the State Election Commissioner Office
  • Be qualified to vote in public school elections within the school district
  • Not have a paid position that is subject to the rules and regulations of the school board
  • Have not been convicted of embezzlement of public money, bribery, perjury or other crimes

Campaign finance

Delaware state law does not require candidates with campaign contributions less than $1,000 to file a campaign finance report. However, if the campaign receives or expends more than $2,000 (including any contributions or expenditures by the candidate) before the end of the year in which the election for such office is held, the candidate must notify the Office of the State Election Commissioner within seven days of the receipt or expenditure which brings the total to more than $2,000. The candidate must then form a committee and file all required reports with the Campaign Finance Section of the Office of the State Election Commissioner.[34]

Education ballot measures

See also: Education on the ballot and List of Delaware ballot measures

As of May 2014, there were no education ballot measures in Delaware.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Delaware + Education "

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Delaware Education News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD); Table 2.—Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011-12," accessed May 12, 2014
  5. United States Department of Education, "ED Data Express," accessed May 12, 2014
  6. Delaware Department of Education, "About DOE," accessed May 14, 2014
  7. Delaware Department of Education, "DOE Secretary of Education," accessed May 14, 2014
  8. Delaware Department of Education, "DOE Mission Statement," accessed May 14, 2014
  9. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  10. Delaware State Board of Education, "About the State Board of Education," accessed May 14, 2014
  11. Common Core: State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State,” accessed July 12, 2014
  12. Delaware Department of Education, "Department of Education Common Core Priorities," July 23, 2012
  13. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  14. National Center for Education Statistices, "State Profiles," accessed May 14, 2014
  15. United States Department of Education, ED Data Express, "State Tables," accessed May 13, 2014
  16. ACT, "2012 ACT National and State Scores," accessed May 13, 2014
  17. Commonwealth Foundation, "SAT Scores by State 2013," October 10, 2013
  18. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Dropout and Graduation Rate Data File, School Year 2010-11, Provision Version 1a and School Year 2011-12, Preliminary Version 1a," accessed May 13, 2014
  19. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2011-2013," accessed February 21, 2014
  20. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009-2011," accessed February 24, 2014
  21. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditures Report, 2010-2012," accessed February 24, 2014
  22. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009," accessed February 24, 2014
  23. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2008," accessed February 24, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010–11," accessed May 13, 2014 (timed out)
  25. Maciver Institute, "REPORT: How much are teachers really paid?," accessed October 29, 2014
  26. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 211.60. Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13," accessed May 13, 2014
  27. Thomas E Fordham Institute, " How Strong Are U.S. Teacher Unions? A State-By-State Comparison," October 29, 2012
  28. Center for Union Facts, "Delaware teachers unions," accessed November 3, 2009
  29. State of Delaware, "Delaware State Government Will Open Checkbook to Public," May 7, 2009
  30. Education Week "Quality Counts 2014 report cards," accessed February 19, 2015
  31. State of Delaware, "Delaware Education," accessed July 9, 2014
  32. Find Law, "Delaware Code - Title 14: EDUCATION," accessed July 9, 2014
  33. Electronic School, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 9, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 State of Delaware, "School Board Member Filing Packet," accessed July 9, 2014