Diane Black

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Diane Black
Diane Black.jpg
U.S. House, Tennessee, District 6
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBart Gordon (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$11.68 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,675,240
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Tennessee State Senate
2006-2010
Tennessee House of Representatives
1999-2005
Education
Bachelor'sBelmont University, 1991
Associate'sAnne Arundel College, 1971
Personal
BirthdayJanuary 16, 1951
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
ProfessionSmall businesswoman, Educator
Net worth$69,569,042
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Diane Black (b. January 16, 1951, in Baltimore, MD) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Tennessee. Black represents Tennessee's 6th Congressional District and was first elected in 2010. She is running for re-election in 2014. Black defeated Jerry Lowery in the Republican primary on August 7, 2014. She will face Amos Powers (D) and independent candidate Mike Winton in the general election.[1]

Prior to her election to the U.S. House, Black served in the Tennessee House of Representatives and the Tennessee State Senate.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Black is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Black's academic and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Black serves on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Black served on the following committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Black's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Black voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Black voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[7]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Black voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Black voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[8] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[7]

Economy

2014 Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[10][11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Black voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Black voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[12]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Black voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Black voted against HR 2775.[19]

Black declined to accept her salary while the government was shutdown.[20]

2013 Farm bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Black supported the July 11, 2013 Farm Bill. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[21] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[22]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Black supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Black supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Black supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[27] Black joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[28][29]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Black voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[30]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Black's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Black is a Hard-Core Conservative. Black received a score of 20 percent on social issues and 86 percent on economic issues.[31]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[32]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[31]

Campaign themes

2012

According to Black's website, her campaign themes included:[33]

  • Jobs: "The real way to grow the economy is to get government out of the way, and let the real job creators, American small businesses, create jobs."
  • Taxes: "For far too long, hard-working families have sent their tax dollars to Washington only to see them squandered away by Congress."
  • Immigration: "By failing to secure our border, the federal government has failed to perform its most basic function –providing for the safety and security of its citizens."

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Diane Black endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [34]

Elections

2014

See also: Tennessee's 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

Black is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent Tennessee's 6th District. Black defeated Jerry Lowery in the Republican primary on August 7, 2014. She will face Amos Powers (D) and independent candidate Mike Winton in the general election.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Tennessee District 6 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDiane Black Incumbent 80.4% 17,492
Jerry Lowery 19.6% 4,272
Total Votes 21,764
Source: Results via Associated Press Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: Tennessee's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012

Black ran for re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Tennessee's 6th District. She defeated Lou Ann Zelenik in the August 2 Republican primary. She the defeated Scott Beasley (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[35][36]

U.S. House, Tennessee District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDiane Black Incumbent 76.4% 184,383
     Green Pat Riley 9% 21,633
     Independent Scott Beasley 14.4% 34,766
     Write-In N/A 0.2% 459
Total Votes 241,241
Source: Tennessee Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Tennessee's 6th Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDiane Black Incumbent 69.4% 44,949
Lou Ann Zelenik 30.6% 19,836
Total Votes 64,785

2010

On November 2, 2010, Diane Black won election to the United States House. She defeated Brett Carter (R) in the general election.[37]

U.S. House, Tennessee District 6 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDiane Black 69.6% 128,517
     Democratic Brett Carter 30.4% 56,145
Total Votes 184,662

Black defeated Zelenik in the 2010 primary election.[38]

Tennessee's 6th Congressional District Republican Primary, 2010
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDiane Black 50.3% 24,374
Lou Ann Zelenik 49.7% 24,091
Total Votes 48,465

Campaign donors

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Black's reports.[39]

Diane Black (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[40]April 12, 2013$319,545.33$107,357.81$(52,826.57)$374,076.57
July Quarterly[41]July 15,2013$374,076.57$325,309.84$(60,264.48)$639,121.93
October Quarterly[42]October 15, 2013$639,121.93$133,061.87$(72,952.66)$699,231.14
Year-End[43]January 30, 2014$699,231$99,880$(45,736)$753,375
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2014$753,375.39$123,386.75$(63,832.80)$812,929.34
Running totals
$788,996.27$(295,612.51)

Comprehensive donor information for Black is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Black raised a total of $4,675,240 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 2, 2013.[45]

Diane Black's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Tennessee, District 6) Won $2,437,229
2010 US House (Tennessee, District 6) Won $2,238,011
Grand Total Raised $4,675,240

2012

Breakdown of the source of Black's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Black won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Black's campaign committee raised a total of $2,437,230 and spent $2,153,238.[46]

Cost per vote

Black spent $11.68 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Black won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Black's campaign committee raised a total of $2,238,011 and spent $2,202,458.[47]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Black's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,443,087 to $135,694,997. That averages to $69,569,042, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Black ranked as the 8th most wealthy representative in 2012.[48] Between 2009 and 2012, Black‘s calculated net worth[49] increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[50]

Diane Black Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$52,877,262
2012$69,569,042
Growth from 2009 to 2012:32%
Average annual growth:11%[51]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[52]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[53]

Black most often votes with:

Black least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Black is a "moderate Republican leader," as of July 30, 2014.[54] This was the same rating Black received in June 2013.[55]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Black missed 55 of 2,710 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.0 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[56]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Black paid her congressional staff a total of $787,942 in 2011. Overall, Tennessee ranked 39th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[57]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Black ranked 14th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[58]

2012

Black was one of three members who ranked 26th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[59]

2011

Black was one of 10 members of congress who ranked 1st in the conservative rankings in 2011.[60]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Black voted with the Republican Party 96.1 percent of the time, which ranked 26th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[61]

2013

Black voted with the Republican Party 97.8 percent of the time, which ranked 34th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[62]

Personal

Black is married to David. They have three children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Diane + Black + Tennessee + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Diane Black News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Diane Black


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 7, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the U.S. House, "Black," accessed June 26, 2013
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. U.S. Congresswoman Diane Black, Representing the 6th District of Tennessee, "Committees"
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Black's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 16, 2013
  8. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  9. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  21. Vote Smart, "Black on agriculture," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Black's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Black's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Black on abortion," accessed October 15, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 On The Issues, "Black Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  32. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  33. Vote Diane Black, "On the Issues," accessed September 11, 2012
  34. Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of Tennessee Speaker of the House Beth Harwell," January 19, 2012
  35. Associated Press, "primary results"
  36. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Tennessee"
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Tennessee Secretary of State, "2010 Primary Results"
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Black 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Black Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  45. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Diane Black," accessed April 2, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Black Campaign Contributions," accessed March 1, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Diane Black 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  48. OpenSecrets, "Black, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  50. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  52. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  53. OpenCongress, "Diane Black," accessed July 30, 2014
  54. GovTrack, "Diane Black," accessed July 30, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Diane Black," accessed June 26, 2013
  56. GovTrack, "Black," accessed July 30, 2014
  57. LegiStorm, "Diane Lynn Black," accessed September 18, 2012
  58. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 30, 2014
  59. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  60. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Bart Gordon
U.S. House of Representatives - Tennessee, District 6
2011–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Tennessee State Senate
2006-2010
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Tennessee House of Representatives
1999-2005
Succeeded by
'