Egyptian Constitutional Amendments Referendum, 2011
A Egyptian Constitutional Amendments Referendum was voted on by Egyptians on March 19, 2011.
The amendments were approved with 77.2 percent of voters in favor. It was noted that only around 41 percent of Egyptian citizens voted in the election though that is higher than election results held previously.
The referendum proposed changes to articles 75, 76, 77, 88, 93, 139 and 148; article 179 would be canceled and article 189 would have additional paragraphs inserted. These amendments were decided on by the Military council which took over after Hosni Mubarak stepped down as president. The proposed changed included a two term maximum for president, each term consisting of four years, as well as changes to the electing of the parliament and legislation. Other changes included widening the pool of potential presidential nominees as well as restoring judicial supervision of elections. Questions about whether the amendments were going to benefit the military were in question, though the approved amendments seemed to support further democratic changes.
Further statements about the amendments noted that these did not go far enough, the entire constitution is flawed and needs more extensive revisions. The comprehensive legal reforms which are needed need more time to be worked out and these proposed amendments were not enough. The revolutionaries called for quick reform, but outsiders felt that more comprehensive reforms would be better in the long run for citizen's rights. Leaders in the revolution had also stated their concerns with the amendments and further issues which could hinder democracy further. If the amendments had not been approved, the Military council which is currently in place could have stepped in to fill the void with another set of rules.
- Ahram, "Egypt constitutional referendum: blow by blow account," March 19, 2011
- Middle East Online, "Egypt Going to Elections," March 9, 2011
- New York Times, "Egyptian Voters Approve Constitutional Changes," March 21, 2011
- Channel 6 News, "Egypt to hold vote over constitutional amendments in March," March 4, 2011
- Carnegie Endowment, "Egypt’s Draft Constitutional Amendments Answer Some Questions and Raise Others," March 1, 2011
- Huffington Post, "Egypt's Revolutionaries Face Constitutional Battle," March 14, 2011
- NPR, "Egypt Moves Ahead With Vote Despite Concerns," march 15, 2011