is one of 16 counties
. Its county seat is Goldfield. Its 2000 census population was officially 971 persons. At that time its population density of 0.1045 inhabitants/km² (0.2706/sq mi) was the second-lowest (to Loving County, Texas) of any county-equivalent outside of Alaska. As of 2007, the population had decreased to 695 people. Its school district has no high school.
- The website has information on elected and administrative officials.
- The website has county commission meeting agendas. 
- The website has archived meeting agendas. 
- The website has county commission meeting minutes. 
- The website has archived meeting minutes. 
- Main article: Nevada government sector lobbying
Esmeralda County has one registered lobbyist.