Governor of Florida
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013-2014 FY Budget:||$12,001,814|
|Term limits:||2 consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Florida Constitution, Article IV, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 4, 2011|
|Compensation:||$130,273* (does not collect salary)|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Florida Executive Offices|
|Governor•Lieutenant Governor•Secretary of State•Attorney General•Chief Financial Officer•Commissioner of Education•Agriculture Commissioner•Insurance Commissioner•Environmental Protection Secretary•Economic Opportunity Director•Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Recent news
- 12 Contact information
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
- 15 References
As of February 2015, Florida is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Before becoming governor, Scott ran Solantic Corporation, a network of Florida urgent care centers, which he co-founded in 2001. From 1997 to 2001, he owned a controlling share in America's Health Network, a media company later known as Discovery Health. He previously headed Columbia Hospital Corporation, a conglomeration of 340 hospitals, from its founding in 1987 to 1997. Scott holds a bachelor's degree in business administration from the University of Missouri at Kansas City and a J.D. from Southern Methodist University. He and his wife, Ann, have two daughters.
The supreme executive power shall be vested in a governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
(b) When elected, the governor, lieutenant governor and each cabinet member must be an elector not less than thirty years of age who has resided in the state for the preceding seven years. The attorney general must have been a member of the bar of Florida for the preceding five years. No person who has, or but for resignation would have, served as governor or acting governor for more than six years in two consecutive terms shall be elected governor for the succeeding term.
Florida elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Florida, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Tuesday after the first Monday in the January following an election. The procedures for electing Florida's governor is laid out in Article IV, Section 5 of the Florida Constitution.
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Florida, 2014|
|Republican||Rick Scott/Carlos Lopez-Cantera Incumbent||48.1%||2,865,343|
|Democratic||Charlie Crist/Annette Taddeo-Goldstein||47.1%||2,801,198|
|Libertarian||Adrian Wyllie/Greg Roe||3.8%||223,356|
|No Party Affiliation||Glenn Burkett/Jose Augusto Matos||0.7%||41,341|
|No Party Affiliation||Farid Khavari/Lateresa Jones||0.3%||20,186|
|Election Results via Florida Division of Elections.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Florida governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No person who has, or but for resignation would have, served as governor or acting governor for more than six years in two consecutive terms shall be elected governor for the succeeding term.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Whenever the governor is unable or unwilling to discharge the office, either temporarily or permanently, the lieutenant governor takes over all the duties of the governorship either until the governor is able to resume the office or until the next election.
At any time that the governor is on trial for impeachment, the lieutenant governor becomes the Acting Governor.
Additionally, at any time that three members of the cabinet and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court agree on the governor's mental or physical unfitness for office, they may suspend and reinstate the governor, pursuant to § 3.
The Governor of Florida is the chief executive of Florida, and serves as chairman of the Florida cabinet. The governor has the power to execute Florida's laws and to call out the state militia to preserve the public peace, being Commander-in-Chief of the state's military forces that are not in active service of the United States. At least once every legislative session, the governor is required to deliver an address to the Florida Legislature, referred to as the "State of the State Address," regarding the condition and operation of the state government and to suggest new legislation. These primary duties are laid out in § 1 (a).
Additionally, the governor may initiate judicial action against state, county, or municipal officer to enforce compliance with law and the duties of the individual's office, may request opinions and interpretations of constitutional matters from the members of the Florida Supreme Court, and may fill all vacancies in elected and appointed office where the law does not otherwise prescribe the method.
In March 2012, the Florida Legislature passed legislation that expanded the powers of the governor to include more oversight over agency rulemaking, members of local jobs agencies, and the distribution of money used to recruit new business to relocate to Florida.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- assigning official duties to the lieutenant governor, in addition to those set forth by law (§ 2).
- casting a tie breaking vote when needed in Cabinet matters
- under § 4 (e), sitting as Chair of the State Board of Administration, pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c).
- under § 4 (f), sitting as Chair of the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund
- under § 4 (g),sitting as agency Chair of the Department of Law Enforcement
- suspending and reinstating all officers, including militia officers, for any reason related to neglect, incompetence, or inability of fulfill duties; the exception applies in cases of impeachment (§ 7).
- excepting cases of treason and impeachment, suspend fines and grant reprieves, pardons, and clemency; by himself, the governor may suspend a fine for up to 60 days. For more substantial matters, two cabinet matters must concur (§ 8).
- cooperating with the cabinet, making all necessary budget reductions in the event of a revenue shortfall (§ 13).
- Office of Policy & Budget
- Special Counsel/Legislative Affairs
- External Affairs
- General Counsel
- Deputy Chiefs of Staff
Role in state budget
- See also: Florida state budget and finances
- In July of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year, the governor sends budget instructions to state agencies.
- In October agencies submit their budget requests to the governor.
- Budget hearings are held with state agencies in September.
- Public hearings are held in both September and January.
- In February the governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature.
- The legislature adopts a budget in April or May, effective for the fiscal year beginning in July. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
The governor is constitutionally and statutorily required to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature must pass a balanced budget, and any budget signed into law by the governor must be balanced.
Florida budgets three major funds: the General fund, the Major Special Revenue Fund and the Special Revenue Fund. Both the Major Special Revenue Fund and the Special Revenue Fund are comprised of lesser funds. The Major Special Revenue Fund is comprised of three lesser funds, and the Special Revenue Fund is comprised of about 19 to 20 lesser funds.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013-2014 was $12,001,814.
The salaries of elected executive officials in Florida are determined by state law as mandated in the Florida Constitution. Article II, Section 5 of the state constitution states that compensation of state officers is determined by the Florida State Legislature.
| Text of Section 5:
(a) No person holding any office of emolument under any foreign government, or civil office of emolument under the United States or any other state, shall hold any office of honor or of emolument under the government of this state. No person shall hold at the same time more than one office under the government of the state and the counties and municipalities therein, except that a notary public or military officer may hold another office, and any officer may be a member of a constitution revision commission, taxation and budget reform commission, constitutional convention, or statutory body having only advisory powers.
(b) Each state and county officer, before entering upon the duties of the office, shall give bond as required by law, and shall swear or affirm:
“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support, protect, and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States and of the State of Florida; that I am duly qualified to hold office under the Constitution of the state; and that I will well and faithfully perform the duties of (title of office) on which I am now about to enter. So help me God.”,and thereafter shall devote personal attention to the duties of the office, and continue in office until a successor qualifies.
(c) The powers, duties, compensation and method of payment of state and county officers shall be fixed by law.
In 2010, the Governor of Florida was paid $130,273 a year.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Florida there were Democratic governors in office for 7 years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years. Florida was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Florida state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the years studied, Florida achieved place in the top-10 in only one year (2007). The state had one Democratic trifecta in 1992, while it has had a Republican trifecta for a total of fourteen years. Florida’s most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking occurred between 2007 and 2008, when the state dropped from 8th to 19th. Florida also experienced a significant drop in the ranking between 2009 and 2010.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 29.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 19.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 29.71
There have been 44 Governors of Florida since 1845. Of the 44 officeholders, eight were Republican, 33 were Democrat, one was Whig, one was Democrat/Prohibition and one was Provisional.
|1||William D. Moseley||1845-1849||Democratic|
|3||James E. Broome||1853-1857||Democratic|
|4||Madison S. Perry||1857-1861||Democratic|
|6||Abraham K. Allison||1865||Democratic|
|7||David S. Walker||1865-1868||Democratic|
|9||Ossian B. Hart||1873-1874||Republican|
|10||Marcellus L. Stearns||1874-1877||Republican|
|11||George F. Drew||1877-1881||Democratic|
|12||William D. Bloxham||1881-1885||Democratic|
|13||Edward A. Perry||1885-1889||Democratic|
|14||Francis P. Fleming||1889-1893||Democratic|
|15||Henry L. Mitchell||1893-1897||Democratic|
|16||William D. Bloxham||1897-1901||Democratic|
|17||William S. Jennings||1901-1905||Democratic|
|18||Napoleon B. Broward||1905-1909||Democratic|
|19||Albert W. Gilchrist||1909-1913||Democratic|
|21||Sidney J. Catts||1917-1921||Democrat, Prohibition|
|22||Cary A. Hardee||1921-1925||Democratic|
|23||John W. Martin||1925-1929||Democratic|
|24||Doyle E. Carlton||1929-1933||Democratic|
|26||Frederick P. Cone||1937-1941||Democratic|
|27||Spessard L. Holland||1941-1945||Democratic|
|28||Millard F. Caldwell||1945-1949||Democratic|
|30||Daniel T. McCarty||1953||Democratic|
|31||Charley E. Johns||1953-1955||Democratic|
|32||Thomas L. Collins||1955-1961||Democratic|
|33||Cecil F. Bryant||1961-1965||Democratic|
|35||Claude R. Kirk||1967-1971||Republican|
|36||Reubin O. Askew||1971-1979||Democratic|
|40||Kenneth H. Mackay||1998-1999||Democratic|
|42||Charlie Crist||2007-2011||Republican, Independent|
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Office of Governor
State of Florida
400 S. Monroe St.
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0001
Citizen Services Hotline: (850) 488-4441
Switchboard: (850) 488-7146
Fax: (850) 487-0801
- Office of the Governor of Florida, "Meet Governor Scott," accessed August 17, 2011
- Miami Herald, "Thanks to lawmakesr, Gov. Scott has gained power in Tallahassee," March 15, 2012 (dead link)
- Office of the Governor of Florida, "Organizational Chart," accessed August 16, 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- State Budget Solutions, "Florida: Background," accessed April 15, 2014
- Florida Fiscal Portal, "Senate Bill 1500 - Laws of Florida Chapter 2013-040," 321-322," accessed June17, 2013
- Florida Office of Economic and Demographic Research, "Salaries of Elected County Constitutional Officers and School District Officials for Fiscal Year 2013-14," October 2013
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
Cite error: Invalid
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Association of Governors, "Florida: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 5, 2013
State of Florida
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Chief Financial Officer | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services | Commissioner of Insurance Regulation | Secretary of Environmental Protection | Director of Economic Opportunity | Chair of Public Service Commission |