Florida gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search


StateExecLogo.png

Florida Gubernatorial and Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election

Primary Date
August 26, 2014

General Election Date:
November 4, 2014

Incumbents prior to election:
Rick Scott Republican Party
Carlos Lopez-Cantera Republican Party
Gov. Rick Scott
Lt. Gov. Carlos Lopez-Cantera
Florida State Executive Elections
Top Ballot
Governor/Lt. GovernorAttorney General
Down Ballot
Treasurer, Agriculture Commissioner

Current trifecta for Republicans
WhoRunsTheStates Badge.jpg
State executive offices in Florida
Flag of Florida.png
The Florida gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election will be held on November 4, 2014, following a primary on August 26. The winners will serve four-year terms in office.

Incumbent Governor Rick Scott (R) is running for re-election.[1] His running mate is current Florida Lieutenant Governor Carlos Lopez-Cantera, whom Scott appointed in January 2014 to fill the vacancy left by ex-Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll's resignation the previous March. Lopez-Cantera was sworn into office on February 3, 2014.[2] He is the first Hispanic lieutenant governor in Florida history.[3]

The race has been rated a "toss-up" by The Cook Political Report and Governing, among numerous other political analysts and publications, current as of September 2014.[4] [5]

Republicans have won the past three gubernatorial elections in Florida, though the margins of victory have narrowed with each election. Learn more about the results of recent gubernatorial races in the past elections section. Polling in this race has been very close through October, with Charlie Crist taking a slight lead in polls within a month of the election. The polls section details the razor-thin margins between Crist and Scott along with the influence of Libertarian Party candidate Adrian Wyllie.

The competitive gubernatorial contest is the only race on the November ballot that threatens to shift the partisan balance of power in Florida. Both chambers of the Florida State Legislature and the governor's office are currently held by the Republican Party, making Florida a state government trifecta. The Florida House of Representatives and Florida State Senate are considered safe Republican chambers into the 2014 elections. With the governorship facing a potential partisan switch, Florida could lose its trifecta status. Learn more about the state's most competitive legislative races on the battleground chambers page.

Florida is one of 12 states to use a strictly closed primary process, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.[6][7][8]

Candidates

Under Article IV of the Florida Constitution, gubernatorial nominees are required to select running mates for the general election. Running mates are listed in order of "Governor/Lieutenant Governor."[9]

General election

Republican Party Rick Scott/Carlos Lopez-Cantera - Incumbents
Democratic Party Charlie Crist/Annette Taddeo-Goldstein[10]
Libertarian Party Adrian Wyllie/Greg Roe[11][12]
Independent (No Party Affiliation) Glenn Burkett/Jose Augusto Matos
Independent (No Party Affiliation) Farid Khavari/Lateresa Jones[13]
Independent (Write-in) Piotr Blass/Bob Wirengard
Independent (Write-in) Timothy Devine/Diane Smith
Independent (Write-in) Emelia Harris/Georgianna Harris
Independent (Write-in) Monroe Lee/Juanita Lockett
Independent (Write-in) Charles Tolbert/Christine Timmon

Lost in the Democratic primary

Democratic Party Nan Rich[14]

Lost in the Republican primary

Republican Party Yinka Adeshina[9]
Republican Party Elizabeth Cuevas-Neunder - Puerto Rican Chamber of Commerce President[15]


Results

Primary election

Republican primary

Governor of Florida, Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRick Scott Incumbent 87.6% 835,084
Elizabeth Cuevas-Neunder 10.6% 100,803
Yinka Adeshina 1.8% 16,912
Total Votes 952,799
Election Results Via:My Florida - Election Watch.

Democratic primary

Governor of Florida, Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngCharlie Crist 74.4% 623,831
Nan Rich 25.6% 214,993
Total Votes 838,824
Election Results Via:My Florida - Election Watch.


Race background

Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Policy and Elections
Education policy is a major issue in Florida. Find out more about Florida Education policy.

Republican incumbent Rick Scott is seeking a second term as governor in 2014. Sources such as Governing, Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball, The Cook Political Report, The Washington Post and Daily Kos have rated Scott among the most vulnerable governors facing re-election in 2014.[16][17][18][19][20]

Education debate

Charlie Crist and Rick Scott have sparred over education funding as the primary election transitioned into a general election. Prior to the Republican primary, Scott announced that he would boost per-pupil spending to record levels if re-elected in November. The governor's office published a statement promising an increase in per-pupil funding to $7,132 per student for the 2016 fiscal year, which would surpass the $7,126 per student rate passed during Crist's first year as governor in 2007. He cited improving job figures in his office's optimistic outlook on public education financing.[21]

Crist toured the state in a school bus in August in order to highlight cuts in public education since Scott won election. He noted that the governor facilitated $1.3 billion in education cuts during the 2012 fiscal year.[21] Crist stated on his campaign website that he would push public schools and their partners to reach the top 10 percent of schools globally as measured by reading, math and science scores by 2020.[22]

Ad spending, influence

The Scott vs. Crist election battle has played out largely through television ads during the general election. Whether sponsored internally or produced and aired under the auspices of independent expenditures, the commercials have been predominantly negative, with each candidate and his outside backers barring no holds to disgrace the other before Florida's electorate of active television viewers.

In late September, Scott upped the ante on media spending for the race against Crist by sinking an additional $8 million on television commercials, next to Crist's roughly $5.5 million ad-buy increase on current and future spots. Already a wallet-shattering sum, these latest ad-buys put the total amount spent on behalf of the two frontrunners' marketing campaigns past the $50 million mark. Scott is responsible for 71 percent, or over $35 million, of this pot, far eclipsing contributions from Crist and his supporters. The incumbent's standing in the race nonetheless remains precarious as polls conducted amid the marketing blitz indicate a slight improvement for Scott. These marginal gains have invited comparisons to his road from virtual no-name to victory back in 2010, which was attributed in large part to a massive emphasis on TV commercials.[23]

A September 23 article in The Miami Herald pointed out that a candidate's on-air presence does not guarantee success in an election, although Florida's media-marketing landscape is such that a candidate who neglects television altogether is almost guaranteed to fail. "If TV ads decided the governor’s race, Scott would win in a landslide," the article stated.[23]

Primary races

In June 2013, ex-Florida Sen. Nan Rich became the first Democratic candidate in the race. She was later joined by former Florida Gov. and newly-minted Democrat Charlie Crist. Crist's candidacy looms heavy over Scott's re-election campaign, according to match-up and approval polls dating back as far as May 2012.[24][25][26]

Long affiliated with the Republican Party, Crist's first party switch occurred in 2010, when, after losing the Republican primary for U.S. Senate to Marco Rubio, he changed his registration to Independent as an alternative route to reaching the general election ballot. In the fall of 2013, Crist became a Democrat; This latest party makeover was widely interpreted as a strategic maneuver to help him unseat Scott in the 2014 governor's race.[27]

As the Crist story unfolded and media coverage about Scott's struggles increased, a slew of other lesser-known hopefuls began filing for the office, mainly as write-ins or with no party affiliation. By October 2013, there were over twenty potentials actively petitioning for a place on the primary and general election ballots.[28] When the filing window finally closed on June 20, 2014, the number had dropped to 18 qualified gubernatorial candidates. The Republican field settled to three, including Scott, while the Democratic field remained a head-to-head battle between Crist and Rich. Unopposed Libertarian nominee Adrian Wyllie earned a direct pass to the general election, along with nine write-ins and three candidates with no stated party preference.[29]

Under Article IV of the Florida Constitution, gubernatorial nominees are required to select running mates after the primary, though they are permitted to do so in advance. Customs for selecting running mates vary across Florida's main political parties. For example, Crist was chided for breaking with party tradition when he announced Annette Taddeo-Goldstein as his lieutenant governor pick prior to the primary. "Because he’s been a life-long Republican, Charlie Crist might be excused for not knowing that Democrats typically don’t choose a running mate until they win the nomination," jabbed Nan Rich, his Democratic primary challenger, in a July campaign press release.[30]

In January, Scott appointed Carlos Lopez-Cantera as Florida's new lieutenant governor, ending an extended vacancy in the office that began with former-Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll's March 2013 resignation amid a public relations scandal. Since Lopez-Cantera's appointment occurred during a gubernatorial election year, his qualifications as a campaigner factored significantly into his selection. Scott and Carroll shared the ticket in 2010, so the governor was left with the responsibility of picking not only a new lieutenant governor to serve out Carroll's term, but also a new running mate for the 2014 election.

Scott and Crist handily secured their respective parties' nominations in the August 26 primary election.[31]

The governor and lieutenant governor will be elected on a joint ticket in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Polls

General election
Crist vs. Scott vs. Wyllie

Florida Governor three-way match-up
Poll Charlie Crist (D) Rick Scott* (R)Adrian Wyllie (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
July 17-21, 2014
39%37%9%12%+/-2.81,251
Cherry (R-Florida Chamber of Commerce)
August 10-13, 2014
35%41%4%11%+/-4.0627
Tampa Bay Times/Bay News 9/UF Bob Graham Center
August 27-31, 2014
31%41%6%9%+/-3.4814
Public Policy Polling
September 4-7, 2014
42%39%8%11%+/-3.4818
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
September 23-15, 2014
39%44%7%9%+/-4.2571
Quinnipiac University
September 17-22, 2014
42%44%8%5%+/-3.1991
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
September 19-22, 2014
42%43%4%11%+/-4.1588
New York Times/CBS/YouGov
September 20-October 1, 2014
44%47%0%9%+/-25,689
Public Policy Polling
October 3-4, 2014
45%43%8%5%+/-3.41,161
University of North Florida
September 29-October 8, 2014
43%38%10%9%+/-4.74471
University of Florida
October 7-12, 2014
40%40%6%14%+/-3.2781
CNN/ORC
October 9-13, 2014
44%44%9%4%+/-31,035
St. Pete Polls
October 17, 2014
45.3%43.9%8.4%2.5%+/-2.31,855
AVERAGES 40.87% 41.92% 6.72% 8.58% +/-3.36 1,280.92
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Major party candidates

Crist vs. Scott (June 2014 - present)
Poll Charlie Crist (D) Rick Scott* (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Cherry (R-Florida Chamber of Commerce)
June 11, 2014
38%41%21%+/-3.5806
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
June 20-23, 2014
41%42%8%+/-3.5541
Gravis Marketing
June 20-23, 2014
39%41%15%+/-3.01,232
Survey USA/WFLA-TV
June 30-7/2
43%45%5%+/-3.4558
Survey USA/WFLA-TV
July 17-21, 2014
46%40%6%+/-3.5564
Quinnipiac University
July 17-21, 2014
45%40%9%+/-2.81,251
Rasmussen Reports Poll
July 29-30
41%42%9%+/-3.0900
SurveyUSA/WFLA TV
July 31-August 4, 2014
43%45%4%+/-3.4859
Rasmussen Reports Poll
September 8-10, 2014
42%40%9%+/-3.01,000
Rasmussen Reports
October 15-17, 2014
47%47%6%+/-31,114
AVERAGES 42.5% 42.3% 9.2% +/-3.21 882.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Hypothetical general election match-ups (May 2012 - June 2014)
Crist vs. Scott

Crist vs. Scott (January 2014 - June 2014)
Poll Charlie Crist (D) Rick Scott* (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
University of Florida Poll
January 27-February 1, 2014
47%40%13%+/-31,006
University of North Florida
March 6-16, 2014
34%33%17%+/-4.35507
Sunshine State News/VSS
March 31-April 3, 2014
44%45%10%+/-3.46800
SurveyUSA Poll
April 10-24, 2014
46%41%6%+/-4.5502
Mason Dixon Poll
April 15-22, 2014
42%42%12%+/-3.8700
Rasmussen Reports Poll
April 21-22, 2014
45%39%10%+/-4750
Quinnipiac University
April 23-28, 2014
48%38%12%+/-2.61,413
News Channel 8/Survey USA Poll
April 30, 2014
44%41%8%+/-4.3-
Gravis Marketing
April 23-25, 2014
43%44%9%+/-3.0907
McLaughlin (R-American Future Fund)
May 4-6, 2014
38%42%20%+/-3.4800
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
May 9-12, 2014
44%41%8%+/-4.2554
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
May 20-22, 2014
40%42%8%+/-4.3531
Saint Leo University
May 28-June 4, 2014
41%43%16%+/-3.5420
Public Policy Poll
June 4-9, 2014
42%42%16%+/-3.3672
SurveyUSA/WFLA-TV
June 5-10, 2014
44%40%8%+/-3.4556
AVERAGES 42.8% 40.87% 11.53% +/-3.67 553.6
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)

Crist vs. Scott (May 2012 - January 2014)
Poll Charlie Crist (D) Rick Scott* (R)Don't Know/RefusedOtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Florida Opinion Research
May 23–25, 2012
48.1%34.1%12.8%5.0%+/-3.46802
Quinnipiac University Poll
June 11-16, 2013
47%37%12%4%+/-2.91,176
Public Policy Poll
September 27-29, 2013
50%38%12%0%+/-4.1579
University of Florida Poll
September 30-October 8, 2013
44%40%14%2%+/-4.27526
Cherry Communication/Florida Chamber of Commerce Poll
October 4-8, 2013
46%41%13%0%+/-4.0618
Quinnipiac University Poll
November 12-17, 2013
47%40%14%8%+/-2.41,464
Saint Leo Polling Institute Poll of Likely voters
December 1-8, 2013
46%34%20%0%+/-5.0318
Fabrizio McLaughlin & Associates Poll (Internal, leaked)
November 24-26, 2013
49%45%6%0%+/-3.11,000
Public Policy Poll
January 16-21, 2014
43%41%15%0%+/-6.3591
Quinnipiac University Poll
January 22-27, 2014
50%34%12%4%+/-2.51,565
AVERAGES 47.01% 38.41% 13.08% 2.3% +/-3.8 863.9
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Hypothetical general election match-ups (June 2013 - April 2014)
Rich vs. Scott

Governor of Florida Hypothetical Match-Up Poll
Poll Nan Rich (D) Rick Scott* (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University Poll
(June 11-16, 2013)
36%42%18%+/-2.91,176
Public Policy Poll
(September 27-29, 2013)
36%37%27%+/-4.1579
University of Florida Poll
(September 30-October 8, 2013)
28%43%27%+/-4.27526
Cherry Communication/Florida Chamber of Commerce Poll
(October 4-8, 2013)
29%40%31%+/-4.0618
Quinnipiac University Poll
(November 12-17, 2013)
35%43%14%+/-2.41,646
Public Policy Poll
(January 16-21, 2014)
34%40%25%+/-6.3591
Quinnipiac University
(January 22-27, 2014)
37%41%19%+/-2.51,565
University of Florida
(January 27-February 1, 2014)
36%41%0%+/-3.01,006
Saint Leo University
(March 16-19, 2014)
32%40%28%+/-3.5401
Quinnipiac University
(April 23-28, 2014)
36%42%15%+/-2.61,413
AVERAGES 33.9% 40.9% 20.4% +/-3.56 952.1
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)


Campaign media

General election

Charlie Crist


Charlie Crist ad: Promises

Charlie Crist ad: Working Together


Outside organizations

Florida Republican Party

Florida GOP ad: I'm Voting for Results

Florida GOP ad: One Job

Florida GOP ad: Fan Face
NextGen Climate

NextGen Climate ad: And Counting

NextGen Climate ad: Caveman

Primary election

Rick Scott

English-language campaign ads

Navy - Posted to YouTube 4/16/14

Ran Away - Posted to YouTube 4/24/14

Grandpa - Posted to YouTube 5/16/14
Spanish-language campaign ads

Oportunidad, Scott's 1st Spanish-language campaign ad - Posted to YouTube 4/21/14

Nos Abandonó, Spanish-language version of Ran Away- Posted to YouTube 5/6/14

Charlie Crist


Sunshine, Crist's first 1st TV ad-spot of campaign - Posted to YouTube 7/6/14

In Failed, Crist accuses Scott of cutting education funds to cover tax breaks for the wealthy - Posted to YouTube 8/22/14

Outside groups

Florida Democratic Party

Answers - Ad reprising 2010 campaign attacks against Rick Scott over his alleged Medicaid fraud - Posted to YouTube 6/18/14

Recortes - Spanish language ad about education - Posted to YouTube 7/10/14
Florida Republican Party

The Better Governor - Republican Party juxtaposes Gov. Scott's record against that of ex-Gov. Crist, gives Scott edge - Posted to YouTube 7/11/14
NextGen Climate

Hiding discusses Scott's association with dubious energy interests such as Duke Energy - Posted 8/25/14

Ad spending

The Wesleyan Media Project published a report on September 30, 2014, highlighting spending on gubernatorial races from September 12-25. This report found that Democratic and Republican groups spent a total of $46.84 million on TV ads in 15 states with gubernatorial elections. The following chart details the group's findings including spending amounts and number of ads:[32]

Note: A bolded number indicates the highest total for this category. A number in italics is the lowest total for this category.

Spending on TV ads, September 12-25, 2014
State Total # of ads  % Democratic-leaning ads  % GOP-leaning ads Total spending-Democratic leaning (in millions of $) Total spending-GOP leaning (in millions of $)
Colorado 2,460 83.1 16.9 1.35 0.39
Connecticut 2,312 61.7 38.3 1.48 0.89
Florida 20,111 38.5 61.5 4.07 6.64
Georgia 4,625 51.1 48.9 1.43 0.99
Illinois 7,793 63.5 36.5 4.17 3.5
Iowa 2,134 47.5 52.5 0.25 0.38
Kansas 5,024 45.7 54.3 0.85 1.17
Maine 3,281 42.3 57.7 0.46 0.32
Michigan 6,767 33.9 66.1 1.14 2.3
Minnesota 1,974 83.9 16.1 0.65 0.29
New York 4,926 61 39 2.18 0.88
Pennsylvania 3,263 50.9 49.1 1.58 1.23
South Carolina 2,883 39.1 60.9 0.33 0.38
Texas 10,330 33.4 66.6 2.24 2.93
Wisconsin 7,374 63.3 36.7 1.36 1.01
TOTALS 85,257 48.2 51.8 23.54 23.3

Past elections

2010

Florida Gubernatorial/Lt. Gubernatorial General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRick Scott/Jennifer Carroll 48.9% 2,619,335
     Democratic Alex Sink/Rod Smith 47.7% 2,557,785
     Independent Peter L. Allen/John E. Zanni 2.3% 123,831
     No Party Affiliation C.C. Reed/Larry Waldo, Sr. 0.4% 18,842
     No Party Affiliation Michael E. Arth/Al Krulick 0.3% 18,644
     No Party Affiliation Daniel Imperato/Karl Behm 0.3% 13,690
     No Party Affiliation Farid Khavari/Darcy C. Richardson 0.1% 7,487
     Write-in Josue Larouse/Valencia St. Louis 0% 121
Total Votes 5,359,735
Election Results Via: Florida Department of State

2006

Florida Gubernatorial/Lt. Gubernatorial General Election, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRick Scott/Jeff Kottkamp 52.2% 2,519,845
     Democratic Jim Davis/Daryl L. Jones 45.1% 2,178,289
     Reform Max Linn/Tom Macklin 1.9% 92,595
     No Party Affiliation John Wayne Smith/James J. Kearney 0.3% 15,987
     No Party Affiliation Richard Paul Dembinsky/Dr. Joe Smith 0.2% 11,921
     No Party Affiliation Karl C.C. Behm/Carol Castagnero 0.2% 10,486
     No Party Affiliation Write-in votes 0% 147
Total Votes 4,829,270
Election Results Via: Florida Department of State

2002

Florida Gubernatorial/Lt. Gubernatorial General Election, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeb Bush/Frank T. Brogan 56% 2,856,845
     Democratic Bill McBride/Tom Rossin 43.2% 2,201,427
     No Party Affiliation Robert "Bob" Kunst/Linda Miklowitz 0.8% 42,039
     No Party Affiliation Write-in votes 0% 270
Total Votes 5,100,581
Election Results Via: Florida Department of State

Key deadlines

Deadline Event
June 20, 2014 Filing deadline
August 26, 2014 Primary election
November 4, 2014 General election
November 18, 2014 State Election Canvassing Commission meets to certify official results
January 6, 2015 Inauguration day for state executive officials in general election

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Florida + Governor + Election + 2014"

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Florida Gubernatorial and Lieutenant Gubernatorial election, 2014 News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link

References

  1. News-Press.com, "Florida parties already prepping for 2014 gubernatorial race," May 20, 2012
  2. Bradenton Herald, "Gov. Rick Scott announces Carlos Lopez-Cantera as new lieutenant governor," January 14, 2014
  3. The Miami Herald, "New Florida lieutenant governor to be sworn in Monday," February 2, 2014
  4. The Cook Political Report, "Governors Race Ratings 2014," September 15, 2014
  5. Governing, "2014 Governors Races," September 10, 2014
  6. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  7. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  8. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013 through January 3, 2014 researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Florida Division of Elections, "Candidate Listing for 2014 General Election," September 12, 2014
  10. Bay News, "A year away, Gov. Scott, Dems prep for next governor's race," July 16, 2012
  11. Independent Political Report, "Adrian Wyllie Announces Run for Florida Governor as LP candidate: One of the First to Do So," February 7, 2013, accessed June 26, 2013
  12. Adrian Wyllie for Governor 2014 Official campaign website, "Meet Greg Roe," accessed August 18, 2014
  13. Farid Khavari for Governor 2014 Official campaign website, "Homepage," accessed November 4, 2013
  14. Miami Herald, "State Sen. Nan Rich will run for governor in 2014," April 16, 2012 (dead link)
  15. Elizabeth Cuevas-Neunder on Facebook, "Timeline," accessed October 2, 2013
  16. University of Virginia Center for Politics: Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2013-2014 Gubernatorial Races," April 29, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "The Fix's top gubernatorial races," September 27, 2013
  18. Daily Kos, "Daily Kos Elections gubernatorial race ratings: Initial ratings for 2013-14," October 6, 2013
  19. Governing, "2014 Governors Races," September 10, 2014
  20. The Cook Political Report, "Governors Race Ratings 2014," September 15, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 Education Week, "School Spending Under Spotlight in Florida Gubernatorial Race," August 25, 2014
  22. Charlie Crist for Governor, "Education," accessed October 13, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 The Miami Herald, "Marc Caputo: With $50 million in TV ad spending, Rick Scott-Charlie Crist race is one big marketing campaign," September 23, 2014
  24. The Sun Sentinel, "Charlie Christ Announces Candidacy For Florida's Governor, As A Democrat," November 4, 2013
  25. Politico, "Ex-GOP Fla. Gov. Charlie Crist to run for job as Democrat," November 1, 2013
  26. The Daily Caller, "Charlie Crist briefly visits with Democratic Governors Association," January 9, 2013
  27. The Hill, "Charlie Crist joins Democratic party ahead of gubernatorial election," December 8, 2012
  28. Florida Division of Elections, "Candidate Listing for 2014 General Election - Governor," accessed October 7, 2013
  29. Florida Division of Elections, "Candidate Listing for 2014 General Election - Governor," accessed July 22, 2014
  30. Nan Rich for Governor 2014 Official campaign website, "Press release: Statement from Senator Nan Rich regarding Charlie Crist’s selection of a potential running mate," July 17, 2014
  31. My Florida - Election Watch, "2014 Primary, Unofficial Election Night Results," accessed August 26, 2014
  32. Wesleyan Media Project, "GOP Groups Keeping Senate Contests Close," September 30, 2014