Florida Initiative Rights, Amendment 3 (1972)

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The Florida Initiative Rights Amendment, also known as Amendment 3, was a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment on the November 7, 1972 ballot in Florida, where it was approved.

This amendment modified Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution to provide for single subject constitutional amendments via citizen initiative.[1][2] Prior to the amendment, one a single section of the Constitution could be amended by initiative, rather than multiple sections relating to a single subject.[3]

Election results

Florida Amendment 3 (1972)
Approveda Yes 1,157,648 70.86%

Election results via: ICPSR

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:

No. 3



Initiative – Proposing an amendment to Article XI, Section 3, of the Florida State Constitution relating to initiative and providing that the revision or amendment of any portion of the Constitution on one subject may be proposed by initiative of the people and providing procedure with respect thereto. [1][4]

Constitutional changes

Section 3. Initiative. The power to propose the revision or amendment of any portion or portions of this constitution by initiative is reserved to the people, provided that, any such revision or amendment shall embrace but one subject and matter directly connected therewith. It may be invoked by filing with the secretary of state a petition containing a copy of the proposed revision or amendment, signed by a number of electors in each of one-half of the congressional districts of the state, and of the state as a whole, equal to eight percent of the votes cast in each of such districts respectively and in the state as a whole in the last preceding election in which presidential electors were chosen.[5]

Path to the ballot

  • The amendment was sponsored by state Senator William Gunter (D-Orlando).
  • Gunter was prompted to propose the amendment after an citizen initiative he supported to create a unicameral legislature was rejected by the court for changing more than one section of the constitution.[6][3]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Sarasota Herald-Tribune, "Sample Ballot," November 6, 1972
  2. REFERENDA AND PRIMARY ELECTION MATERIALS [Computer file]. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1995. doi:10.3886/ICPSR00006.v1
  3. 3.0 3.1 Daytona Beach Morning Journal, "Apathy Said Only Block To Florida Referendums," October 22, 1972
  4. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  5. Florida Constitutional Revision Commission, "Amendments, Election of 11-7-72"
  6. The Evening Independent, "Amendments, Referendums On Nov. 7 Ballot," November 4, 1972