Florida Right to Grand Jury, Amendment 4 (1934)

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The Florida Right to Grand Jury Amendment, also known as Amendment 4, was a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment in Florida which was approved by voters in the general election on November 6, 1934.

This amendment modified the Declaration of Rights of the Florida Constitution in relation to the right to a trial by Grand Jury.[1]

Election results

Florida Amendment 4 (1934)
Approveda Yes 72,093 67.47%

Election results via: Report of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida (1933-1934)

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:


Proposing to Amend Section 10 of the Declaration of Rights of the Constitution Relating to Grand Juries, Informations, Presentments, and Indictments of Persons for Capital Crimes and Other Felonies, So as to Provide that No Person Shall Be Tried for a Capital Crime Unless on Presentment or Indictment by a Grand Jury, and No Person Shall be Tried for Other Felony Unless on Presentment or Indictment by a Grand Jury or Upon Information Under Oath Filed by the Prosecuting Attorney of the Court, with Exceptions as to Impeachment, Cases in the Militia when in Active Service in Time of War, or Cases in the Militia Which the State, with the Consent of Congress, May Keep in Time of Peach; Providing for Pleas to any Information in Term Time or Vacation and Judgment and Sentence of a Please of Guilt in Term Time or in Vacation; and Authorizing the Judge of Any Circuit Court to Dispense with the Summoning, Empaneling and Convening of the Grand Jury at any Term of Court by his Order; and Empowering the Legislature by General Law to Regulate the Number of Grand Jurors on a Grand Jury and Fix the Number Necessary to Return an Indictment or Presentment.[2][3]

Constitutional changes

Section 10. No person shall be tried for a capital crime unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury, and no person shall be tried for other felony unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury or upon information under oath filed by the prosecuting attorney of the court wherein the information is filed, except as is otherwise provided in this Constitution, and except in cases of impeachment, and in cases in the militia when in active service in time of war, or which the state, with the consent of Congress, may keep in time of peace. Any person under such information, presentment or indictment for any felony not capital may be arraigned and may enter a plea in term time or in vacation, and the judgment and sentence of the court on a plea of guilty may be made and entered either in term time or in vacation. The judge of any circuit court is authorized to dispense with the summoning, empaneling, and convening of the grand jury at any term of court by making, entering, and filing with the clerk of said court a written order directing that no grand jury be summoned at such term of court, which order of the Circuit Judge may be made in vacation or term time of said court. The Legislature shall have power by general legislation to regulate the number of grand jurors to serve upon, or constitute, a grand jury and to fix the number of grand jurors required to vote for and return an indictment or presentment.

This amendment, upon ratification as aforesaid, shall take effect at midnight on December 31, 1934, without the necessity of legislation.[1]

Path to the ballot

  • The amendment was placed on the ballot as House Joint Resolution 152 of 1933.
  • The amendment was approved for the ballot on June 7, 1933.[1]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Florida Constitution Revision Commission, "Amendments, Election of 11-6-34"
  2. The Miami News, "Educational Ballot," November 5, 1934
  3. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.