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Florida Sale of Submerged Lands, Amendment 5 (1970)

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The Florida Sale of Submerged Lands Amendment, also known as Amendment 5, was a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment on the November 3, 1970 ballot in Florida, where it was approved.

This amendment modified Article X, Section 11 of the Florida Constitution to restrict state sales of submerged lands to only when in the public interest.[1][2][3]

Election results

Florida Amendment 5 (1970)
Approveda Yes 680,223 61.27%

Election results via: ICPSR

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:


LAND SALES. Proposing an amendment to Section 11 of Article X of the Florida Constitution, providing authority for sale of sovereignty submerged lands only when in the public interest and providing authority for private use of sovereignty submerged lands only when not contrary to the public interest.[1][4]

Constitutional changes

Section 11. Sovereignty Lands. The title to lands under navigable waters, within the boundaries of the state, which have not been alienated, including beaches below mean high water lines, is held by the state, by virtue of its sovereignty, in trust for all the people. Sale of such lands may be authorized by law, but only when in the public interest. Private use of portions of such lands may be authorized by law, but only when not contrary to the public interest.[5]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ocala Star-Banner, "Sample Ballot," October 26, 1970
  2. REFERENDA AND PRIMARY ELECTION MATERIALS [Computer file]. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1995. doi:10.3886/ICPSR00006.v1
  3. Ocala Star-Banner, "Seven Amendment Cover Youth, Courts, Money," November 2, 1970
  4. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  5. Florida Constitutional Revision Commission, "Amendments, Election of 11-3-70"