Fracking in Arizona
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|Fracking in Arizona|
|Fossil fuels present||Oil, natural gas and coal|
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According to a 2012 piece in Arizona Geology Magazine, fracking occurs rarely in Arizona due to the fact that there are no shale-gas wells in the state. In the 15-year period preceding the publication of this article, only ten wells were hydraulically fractured, and all of these were fracked not for shale-gas, but for carbon dioxide gas.
- See also: Fracking
Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.
Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.
Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political tradeoffs.
Natural gas use in Arizona
- For more information on energy consumption in Arizona see, "Energy policy in Arizona"
Arizona produces only a tiny fraction of U.S. natural gas and significant new drilling activity is not occurring or planned. One-third of residents use natural gas as their primary home heating fuel and so the state must import natural gas to meet demand. An interstate pipeline from New Mexico helps supply the state's demands. Pipeline companies that move the gas from the production area to local utilities and through to other states include: El Paso Natural Gas Co., Questar Pipeline Co., Southwest Gas Corp. and Transwestern Pipeline Co. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates the rates these companies charge, the services they provide to the local distribution centers (LDCs) and the construction of new pipelines.
|Consumption of energy for heating homes in Arizona|
|Source||Arizona 2011||U.S. average 2011|
|Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG)||3%||5%|
|Where electricity comes from in Arizona|
|Type||Amount generated (MWh)||% of state**||% of U.S.**|
|Total net electricity generation||7,245,000||100%||0.18%|
|**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.|
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Arizona + Fracking"
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Arizona Profile"
- Frac Focus, "National Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Registry"
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Arizona Profile Analysis," updated December 18, 2013
- Arizona Geology Magazine, "Is Hydraulic Fracturing a Threat in Arizona?" April 5, 2012
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Arizona State Energy Profile," accessed February 21, 2014
- Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, "What FERC Does," accessed March 15, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Arizona Profile Overview," accessed February 19, 2014
State of Arizona
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