Fracking in Georgia

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Fracking in Georgia
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Fossil fuels present None[1]
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Fracking in Georgia depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state. Georgia has no oil or natural gas reserves, and as such there is no fracking occurring in the state.

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid -- mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals -- into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks to release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling -- horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing -- have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states that have fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies and the industries that support them. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for states, not only those with fracking but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Those opposed to fracking argue that the potential environmental and human health impacts could be large. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the U.S., concerns have been raised over the ability for federal, state and local regulatory agencies to keep up with the growth and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are tradeoffs.

Natural gas use in Georgia

For more information on energy consumption in Georgia see, "Energy policy in Georgia"

In 2011, most of the energy used in the state was in the form of coal (used primarily for coal-fired power plants), followed by petroleum and natural gas.[1]

Almost 50 percent of homes in Georgia use natural gas to heat their homes. Electricity is the next most common heating source, followed by fuel oil, LPG and other sources.

Consumption of energy for heating homes in Georgia
Source Georgia 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 40.7% 49.5%
Fuel oil 0.3% 6.5%
Electricity 52.4% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 5.2% 5%
Other/none 1.4% 3.6%

Natural gas is pumped into Georgia through interstate pipelines by companies, including the East Tennessee Natural Gas Co., Southern Natural Co., Southern Carolina Pipeline Co. and Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. A variety of countries, including Trinidad, Tobago, Qatar, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria send liquified natural gas (LNG) to Georgia, which is then primarily sent to South Carolina and to markets further north.There are 84 municipally-owned natural gas utilities and one investor-owned utility in Georgia.[2][1]

Where electricity comes from in Georgia[3]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Natural gas-fired 3,598,000 38.04% 0.35%
Coal-fired 2,768,000 29.26% 0.16%
Nuclear 2,594,000 27.42% 0.33%
Hydroelectric 209,000 2.21% 0.07%
Other renewables 315,000 3.33% 0.16%
Total net electricity generation 9,459,000 100% 0.23%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

News items

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See also

External links

References