Fracking in Georgia
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|Fracking in Georgia|
|Fossil fuels present||None|
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- See also: Fracking
Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.
Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.
Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.
Natural gas use in Georgia
- For more information on energy consumption in Georgia see, "Energy policy in Georgia"
In 2011, most of the energy used in the state was in the form of coal (used primarily for coal-fired power plants), followed by petroleum and natural gas.
Almost 50 percent of homes in Georgia use natural gas to heat their homes. Electricity is the next most common heating source, followed by fuel oil, LPG and other sources.
|Consumption of energy for heating homes in Georgia|
|Source||Georgia 2011||U.S. average 2011|
|Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG)||5.2%||5%|
Natural gas is pumped into Georgia through interstate pipelines by companies, including the East Tennessee Natural Gas Co., Southern Natural Co., Southern Carolina Pipeline Co. and Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. A variety of countries, including Trinidad, Tobago, Qatar, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria send liquified natural gas (LNG) to Georgia, which is then primarily sent to South Carolina and to markets further north. There are 84 municipally-owned natural gas utilities and one investor-owned utility in Georgia.
|Where electricity comes from in Georgia|
|Type||Amount generated (MWh)||% of state**||% of U.S.**|
|Total net electricity generation||9,459,000||100%||0.23%|
|**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.|
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- Energy policy in Georgia
- Fracking in the United States
- Energy use in the United States
- Energy policy in the United States
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Georgia Profile"
- Frac Focus, "National Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Registry"
State of Georgia
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | State Superintendent of Schools | Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner | Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Service Commission |