Fracking in Hawaii

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Fracking in Hawaii
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Fossil fuels present None[1]
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Fracking in Hawaii depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state.

Although there is no fracking in Hawaii, bills related to fracking were introduced in both the state house and state senate in early 2014. Both bills would have banned fracking, as well as the "collection, storage, treatment, or discharge of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing." Each bill died in committee.[2][3][4]

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political tradeoffs.

Natural gas use in Hawaii

For more information on energy consumption in Hawaii see, "Energy policy in Hawaii"

Natural gas heats almost 50 percent of homes in Hawaii, on the few days heating is needed. Electricity is the next most popular home heating source, followed by fuel oil, LPG and other fuel sources.

Consumption of energy for heating homes in Hawaii
Source Hawaii 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 2.1% 49.5%
Fuel oil 0% 6.5%
Electricity 32.1% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 1.2% 5%
Other/none 64.6% 3.6%

Hawaii imports all the natural gas it consumes, but produces "syngas" from naphtha, a waste product from local oil refineries. It is produced in a plant on Oahu and delivered by a local pipeline to different areas of the island. Rural areas and some other islands use propane instead of natural gas or syngas. Two-thirds of the natural gas consumed in Hawaii comes from hotels and restaurants. Because of the mild climate people rarely have to use natural gas to heat their homes. Hawaii only has one natural gas provider, Hawaii Gas.[1][5]

Where electricity comes from in Hawaii[6]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Petroleum-fired 623,000 71.86% 2.06%
Coal-fired 121,000 13.96% 0.01%
Other renewables 94,000 10.84% 0.05%
Total net electricity generation 867,000 100% 0.02%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

News items

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See also

External links

References