Fracking in Missouri

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Fracking in Missouri
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Fossil fuels present Oil, natural gas and coal[1]
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Fracking in Missouri depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state.

Although fracking does not occur in Missouri, the state is rich in silica sand, which can be used as frac sand in the fracking process. According to the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, as of 2012 there were four quarries in the eastern part of the state that mined silica sand.[2]

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.

Natural gas use in Missouri

For more information on energy consumption in Missouri, see "Energy policy in Missouri"

In 2011, 30 percent of Missouri's energy use was for transportation purposes, almost 29 percent for residential uses, 22 percent for the commercial sector and the rest was used in the industrial sector. Most of the energy used in the state is in the form of coal, followed by petroleum and natural gas.[1]

Consumption of energy for heating homes in Missouri
Source Missouri 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 52.2% 49.5%
Fuel oil 0.3% 6.5%
Electricity 33.4% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 9.7% 5%
Other/none 4.6% 3.6%

Where electricity comes from in Missouri[3]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Petroleum-fired 6 0.08% 0%
Natural gas-fired 182 2.5% 0%
Coal-fired 6,022 82.8% 0%
Nuclear 892 12.26% 0%
Hydroelectric 41 0.56% 0%
Other renewables 130 1.79% 0%
Total net electricity generation 7,273 100% 0%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

There are no significant natural gas reserves or natural gas production in Missouri. Instead, natural gas is supplied by several interstate pipelines and comes mainly from Kansas, Arkansas, Nebraska and Oklahoma. The interstate pipeline companies that move the gas from the production area to local utilities and through to other states include: ANR Pipeline Co., Arkansas Western LLC, Centerpoint Energy Gas Transmission Co., Missouri Gas Co., Mississippi River Transmission Corp., Missouri Interstate Gas Co., Missouri Pipeline Co., Missouri Public Service Co., Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, Panhandle Eastern Pipeline Co., Rockies Express Pipeline, Southern Star Central Gas Pipeline Co. and Texas Eastern Transmission Corp.[4]

News items

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Missouri+Fracking"

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Missouri Fracking News Feed

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See also

External links