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Fracking in New Hampshire

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Fracking in New Hampshire
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Fossil fuels present None[1]
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Fracking in New Hampshire depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state. New Hampshire has no oil or natural gas reserves, and as such there is no fracking occurring in the state.

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.

Natural gas use in New Hampshire

For more information on energy consumption in New Hampshire, see "Energy policy in New Hampshire"

The transportation sector consumes the largest amount of energy in New Hampshire, about 35 percent of the total. The residential sector is close behind at about 30 percent. The industrial sector makes up the smallest amount of consumption, coming in at about 12 percent. This is because most of New Hampshire has not been developed, and is still forested. Most of the energy consumed is derived from petroleum. The dependence on petroleum is because most homes use fuel oil for heating. Because of the dependence on fuel oil, New Hampshire is very susceptible to shortages. Only about eight percent of homes use electricity, about an 18 percentage point difference from the national average. Only 20 percent use natural gas to heat their homes, which is less than half of the national average. Because the state does not produce natural gas it has to import most of its supply from Canada and Maine.[1]

Consumption of energy for heating homes in Vermont
Source Vermont 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 19.5% 49.5%
Fuel oil 48.8% 6.5%
Electricity 7.9% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 14.4% 5%
Other/none 9.5% 3.6%

There are three regulated natural gas distribution utilities in New Hampshire that serve the approximately 117,000 natural gas customers in the state.[2]

Where electricity comes from in New Hampshire[3]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Natural gas-fired 294,000 20.39% 0.03%
Nuclear 927,000 64.29% 0.12%
Hydroelectric 81,000 5.62% 0.03%
Other renewables 133,000 9.22% 0.07%
Total net electricity generation 1,442,000 100% 0.04%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

News items

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See also

External links