Fracking in New Jersey

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Fracking in New Jersey
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Fossil fuels present None[1]
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Fracking in New Jersey depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state. New Jersey has no oil or natural gas reserves, and as such there is no fracking occurring in the state.

Although there is no fracking in New Jersey, natural gas companies have expressed interested in the possibility of fracking in the Delaware River basin, part of which lies in New Jersey. Although the Delaware River Basin Commission, which is composed of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Delaware and the federal government, has had a temporary moratorium on fracking in place since 2010, there were renewed calls for a permanent ban on fracking in the basin area in early 2014. New Jersey Congressman Rush Holt said, "There should be a moratorium in West Virginia, `there should be a moratorium in Pennsylvania and there should be a fracking moratorium for the Delaware River watershed."[2]

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.

Natural gas use in New Jersey

For more information on energy consumption in New Jersey, see "Energy policy in New Jersey"

In 2011, 40 percent of New Jersey’s energy use was for transportation, and one quarter for commercial use; the rest was used mostly for residential and industrial purposes. Most of the energy used in the state is in the form of petroleum (used primarily for transportation), followed by natural gas and nuclear power.[1]

Consumption of energy for heating homes in New Jersey
Source New Jersey 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 74% 49.5%
Fuel oil 11.9% 6.5%
Electricity 11.4% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 1.8% 5%
Other/none 0.9% 3.6%

The state itself does not produce any natural gas but imports it primarily from pipelines that bring natural gas to New York and New England. New Jersey's natural gas has traditionally come from the Gulf region.[1]

Where electricity comes from in New Jersey[3]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Petroleum-fired 1 0.02% 0%
Natural gas-fired 1,995 40.57% 0%
Coal-fired 126 2.56% 0%
Nuclear 2,625 53.38% 0%
Other renewables 120 2.44% 0%
Total net electricity generation 4,918 100% 0%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

News items

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See also

External links