Fracking in North Carolina
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|Fracking in North Carolina|
|Fossil fuels present||Coal|
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Although there are no natural gas or crude oil reserves in North Carolina, there are shale deposits in the state, which means that fracking is feasible in the state. On June 4, 2014, Governor Pat McCrory signed into law the Energy Modernization Act, which lifted a fracking moratorium that had been in place since 2012. As a result, permits for fracking in North Carolina may be issued as early as the spring of 2015. The Mining and Energy Commission is slated to complete drafting appropriate regulations by January 1, 2015, with those regulations taking effect in March 2015.
- See also: Fracking
Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.
Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.
Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political tradeoffs.
Natural gas use in North Carolina
- For more information on energy consumption, see "Energy policy in North Carolina"
Oil and gas exploration has occurred in North Carolina, but reserves sufficient enough for development have not been found. Natural gas is not being produced in the state. A natural gas pipeline expansion is planned that will connect the state to Marcellus and Utica Shales shale gas production.
|Consumption of energy for heating homes in North Carolina|
|Source||North Carolina 2011||U.S. average 2011|
|Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG)||8.6%||5%|
There are seven total natural gas utilities in North Carolina. North Carolina is supplied natural gas through Columbia Gas Transmission Corp., East Tennessee Natural Gas Co. and Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co.
|Where electricity comes from in North Carolina|
|Type||Amount generated (MWh)||% of state**||% of U.S.**|
|Total net electricity generation||10,101,000||100%||0.25%|
|**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.|
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- Energy policy in North Carolina
- Fracking in the United States
- Energy use in the United States
- Energy policy in the United States
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "North Carolina Profile"
- Frac Focus, "National Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Registry"
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "North Carolina Profile Analysis," updated December 18, 2013
- Climate Progress, "North Carolina To Lift Fracking Ban and Criminalize The Disclosure Of Fracking Chemicals," June 5, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "North Carolina State Energy Profile," February 27 2014
- North Carolina Utilities Commission, "Natural Gas Industry," accessed February 27, 2014
- Thrive in North Carolina, "Utilities," accessed February 27, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "North Carolina Overview," accessed February 27, 2014
State of North Carolina
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Utilities |