Fracking in South Carolina

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Fracking in South Carolina
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Fossil fuels present None[1]
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Fracking in South Carolina depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state. South Carolina has no oil or natural gas reserves, and as such there is no fracking occurring in the state.

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.

Natural gas use in South Carolina

See also: State Energy Rankings
For more information on energy consumption in South Carolina, see "Energy policy in South Carolina"
Consumption of energy for heating homes in South Carolina
Source South Carolina 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 23.7% 49.5%
Fuel oil 1.5% 6.5%
Electricity 68.5% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 4.6% 5%
Other/none 1.7% 3.6%

Electricity consumed in South Carolina comes primarily from its four nuclear energy plants, which produce more than half of the state's total produced energy. The power plants are supplied by coal, natural gas and, to a lesser extent, renewable resources. South Carolina produces more electricity than it consumes and the surplus energy is sold to other states. Coal supplies two-fifths of electricity generation. The Port of Charleston is the shipyard river terminal for importing resources. Nuclear power plants supply the majority of the state's electricity. From 2008 to 2012 demand has doubled for this resource in the electric power sector. Two interstate pipelines from the Gulf Coast deliver natural gas from Georgia to South Carolina.[1]

There are 16 natural gas utilities in South Carolina.[2]

Where electricity comes from in South Carolina[3]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Petroleum-fired 10 0.15% 0%
Natural gas-fired 694 10.15% 0%
Coal-fired 2,226 32.54% 0%
Nuclear 3,617 52.88% 0%
Hydroelectric 192 2.81% 0%
Other renewables 156 2.28% 0%
Total net electricity generation 6,840 100% 0%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

News items

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See also

External links