Fracking in South Carolina
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|Fracking in South Carolina|
|Fossil fuels present||None|
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- See also: Fracking
Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.
Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.
Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political tradeoffs.
Natural gas use in South Carolina
|Consumption of energy for heating homes in South Carolina|
|Source||South Carolina 2011||U.S. average 2011|
|Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG)||4.6%||5%|
Electricity consumed in South Carolina comes primarily from its four nuclear energy plants, which produce more than half of the state's total produced energy. The power plants are supplied by coal, natural gas and, to a lesser extent, renewable resources. South Carolina produces more electricity than it consumes and the surplus energy is sold to other states. Coal supplies two-fifths of electricity generation. The Port of Charleston is the shipyard river terminal for importing resources. Nuclear power plants supply the majority of the state's electricity. From 2008 to 2012 demand has doubled for this resource in the electric power sector. Two interstate pipelines from the Gulf Coast deliver natural gas from Georgia to South Carolina.
There are 16 natural gas utilities in South Carolina.
|Where electricity comes from in South Carolina|
|Type||Amount generated (MWh)||% of state**||% of U.S.**|
|Total net electricity generation||6,840||100%||0%|
|**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.|
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- Energy policy in South Carolina
- Fracking in the United States
- Energy use in the United States
- Energy policy in the United States
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "South Carolina Profile"
- Frac Focus, "National Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Registry"
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "South Carolina Profile Analysis," updated December 18, 2013
- South Carolina Electric Utilities, "South Carolina Natural Gas Utilities," January 2011, accessed March 1, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "South Carolina Profile Overview," accessed March 1, 2014
State of South Carolina
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Comptroller General | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Education | Director of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor, Licensing and Regulation | Chairman of Public Service Commission |