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Fracking in Washington

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Fracking in Washington
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Fossil fuels present Limited Oil and coal reserves[1]
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Fracking in Washington depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state. There is no fracking occurring in Washington.

Fracking background

See also: Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.

Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.

Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs.

Natural gas use in Washington

See also: State Energy Rankings
For more information on energy consumption, see "Energy policy in Washington"
Consumption of energy for heating homes in Washington
Source Washington 2011 U.S. average 2011
Natural gas 35.5% 49.5%
Fuel oil 2.7% 6.5%
Electricity 53.5% 35.4%
Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG) 3.1% 5%
Other/none 5.3% 3.6%

Electricity produced and consumed in Washington comes primarily from hydropower energy, which produces three-fourths of the total. Nuclear, wind, natural gas, coal and biomass account for Washington's remaining generation. In Washington, net electricity generation exceeds consumption, making the state an electricity exporter. Washington has no natural gas production, but instead imports natural gas from Canada.[1]

Where electricity comes from in Washington[2]
Type Amount generated (MWh) % of state** % of U.S.**
Petroleum-fired 3,000 0.04% 0.01%
Natural gas-fired 987,000 11.57% 0.1%
Coal-fired 737,000 8.64% 0.04%
Nuclear 814,000 9.54% 0.1%
Hydroelectric 5,288,000 61.96% 1.66%
Other renewables 657,000 7.7% 0.33%
Total net electricity generation 8,534,000 100% 0.21%
**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.

In Washington, the Utilities and Transportation Commission regulates the private, investor-owned natural gas and electric utilities in the state, of which there are five. These five include Avista Corporation, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation, Northwest Natural Gas Company, PacifiCorp and Puget Sound Energy.[3][4]

News items

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All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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See also

External links