Fresno Unified School District, California
|Fresno Unified School District|
|Fresno County, California|
|Superintendent:||Michael E. Hanson|
|Number of schools:||100|
|Website:||School Home Page|
|Board of Education|
|Board president:||Valerie Florentino Davis|
- 1 About the district
- 2 Superintendent
- 3 School board
- 4 Budget
- 5 Teacher salaries
- 6 Schools in Fresno Unified School District
- 7 Academic performance
- 8 Contact information
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 References
Fresno Unified School District is a school district in California that served 73,353 students during the 2013-2014 school year. This district is the fourth-largest by enrollment in the state of California.
About the district
Fresno Unified School District is located in Fresno County, California. The county seat of Fresno County is Fresno. Fresno County was home to 955,272 residents in 2013, according to the United States Census Bureau.
Fresno County underperformed compared to the rest of California in terms of higher education achievement in 2012. The United States Census Bureau found that 19.4 percent of Fresno County residents aged 25 years and older had attained a bachelor's degree compared to 30.5 percent for California as a whole. The median household income for Fresno County was $45,741 compared to $61,400 for the state of California. The percentage of people below poverty level for Fresno County was 24.8 percent while it was 15.3 percent for the state of California.
Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin, not a race. Therefore, the Census allows citizens to report both their race and that they are from a "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin simultaneously. As a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table will exceed 100 percent. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one or two tenths off from being exactly 100 percent.
Michael E. Hanson is the superintendent of the Fresno Unified School District. He has served in this position since July 2005. Hanson has previously worked as an associate superintendent of educational services and as a principal in the Elk Grove Unified School District. He earned his bachelor's degree in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles, his master's degree in teaching and curriculum from the Harvard University Graduate School of Education and his certificate of advanced study in educational leadership and administration from Syracuse University.
The Fresno Unified School District Board of Education consists of seven members elected to four-year terms by specific geographic trustee areas.
|Fresno Unified Board of Education|
|Member||Trustee Area||Term Ends|
|Valerie Florentino Davis||3||2014|
|Michelle Arax Asadoorian||7||2014|
|Luis A. Chavez||2||2016|
|Christopher de la Cerda||4||2014|
School board elections
Members of the Fresno Unified Board of Education are elected by trustee areas to four-year terms on a staggered basis every even-numbered election year. The seats from Trustee Areas 1, 3, 4 and 7 were up for election in 2014, and the seats from Trustee Areas 2, 5 and 6 will be up for election in 2016.
Public participation in board meetings
The Fresno Unified Board of Education maintains the following policy on public testimony during board meetings:
|“||Members of the public are encouraged to attend Board meetings and to address the Board concerning any item on the agenda or within the Board's jurisdiction. So as not to inhibit public participation, persons attending Board meetings shall not be requested to sign in, complete a questionnaire, or otherwise provide their name or other information as a condition of attending the meeting.
The Board shall not prohibit public criticism of its policies, procedures, programs, services, acts or omissions. (Government Code 54954.3) In addition, the Board may not prohibit public criticism of district employees.
In order to conduct district business in an orderly and efficient manner, and to ensure that an accurate official records is maintained of every meeting, the Board requires that public presentations to the Board comply with the following procedures:
1. The Board shall give members of the public an opportunity to address the Board on any item listed on the agenda, either before or during the Board's consideration of the item of business to be discussed at regular or special meetings. (Education Code 35145.5, Government Code 54954.3)
2. Members of the public who wish to address the board shall submit a speaker card specifying the item he/she wishes to address. To the extent practical, the card should be submitted before the Board president announces the specific item.
3. At a time so designated on the agenda at a regular meeting, members of the public may bring before the Board matters that are not listed on the agenda. The Board shall take no action or discussion on any item not appearing on the posted agenda, except as authorized by law. (Education Code 35145.5, Government Code 54954.2).Unscheduled oral communications shall be limited to a maximum of 30 minutes, but may be extended at the discretion of the Board president. Members of the public who did not have the opportunity to speak during unscheduled oral communication shall have the opportunity to address the Board at the end of the meeting.
(a) The Board may refer any new matter not listed on the agenda to the Superintendent or designee or take it under advisement, but shall not take action at that time except as authorized by law. The matter may be placed on the agenda of a subsequent meeting for action or discussion by the Board. (Education Code 35145.5, Government Code 54954.2)
(b) Without taking action, Board members or district staff members may briefly respond to statements made or questions posed by the public about items not appearing on the agenda.
(c) Additionally, on their own initiative or in response to questions posed by the public, a Board or staff members may ask a question for clarification, make a brief announcement or make a brief report on his/her own activities.
(d) Furthermore, Board Members may provide a reference to staff or other resources for factual information, ask staff to report back to the Board at a subsequent meeting concerning any matter, or take action directing staff to place a matter of business on a future agenda. (Government Code 54954.2)
(e) The Board president may rule on the appropriateness of a topic. If the topic would be more suitably addressed at a later time, the president may indicate the time and place when it should be presented.
4. The Board need not allow the public to speak on any item that has already been considered by a committee composed exclusively of Board members at a public meeting where the public had the opportunity to address the committee on that item. However, if the Board determines that the item has been substantially changed since the committee heard it; the Board shall provide an opportunity for the public to speak. (Government Code 54954.3) (cf. 9130 - Board Committees)
5. A person wishing to be heard by the Board shall first be recognized by the president and shall then proceed to comment as briefly as the subject permits. Individual speakers will be allowed three minutes to address the Board on each agenda item, or nonagenda item. The Board shall limit the total time for public input for each agenda item to 20 minutes. The Board president may take a poll of speakers for or against a particular issue and may ask that only those individuals with something new to add request to speak. With Board consent, the Board president may increase or decrease the time allowed for public presentation, depending on the topic and the number of persons wishing to be heard.
Whenever a member of the public initiates specific complaints or charges against an employee, the Board president shall inform the complainant that in order to protect the employee's right to adequate notice before a hearing of such complaints and charges, and also to preserve the ability of the Board to legally consider the complaints or charges in any subsequent evaluation of the employee, it is the policy of the Board to hear such complaints or charges in closed session unless otherwise requested by the employee pursuant to Government Code 54957. The Board president shall also encourage the complainant to file a complaint using the appropriate district complaint procedure.
(cf. 1312.1 - Complaints Concerning School Personnel) (cf. 9321 - Closed Session Purposes and Agendas)
6. The Board president shall not permit any disturbance or willful interruption of Board meetings. Persistent disruption, by an individual or group, shall be grounds for the president to terminate the privilege of addressing the Board. The Board may remove disruptive individuals and order the room cleared if necessary; in this case, members of the media not participating in the disturbance shall be allowed to remain, and individual(s) not participating in such disturbances may be allowed to remain at the discretion of the Board. When the room is ordered cleared due to a disturbance, further Board proceedings shall concern only matters appearing on the agenda. (Government Code 54957.9)
When such disruptive conduct occurs, the Superintendent or designee shall contact local law enforcement.
—Fresno Unified School District website, (2014), 
Fresno Unified School District publishes its annual budget on its website.
|Expenditures by Category|
|School Year||Staff Expenses||Student Services||Operational Expenses||Debt Service||Other||Budget Total|
|Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget|
Fresno Unified School District employed 3,554 teachers in the 2011-2012 school year. Teacher salary schedules are categorized by higher education achievement, professional development and years of service. A teacher with a bachelor's degree can earn a higher salary by pursuing graduate courses and gaining raises at credit intervals. The salary schedule also accounts for graduate degrees by providing higher starting salaries and greater potential salaries. The table below shows the salary schedule for teachers in the Fresno Unified School District for the 2014-2015 school year.
|Degree level||Minimum salary ($)||Maximum salary ($)|
|B.A. + 30||40,760.47||57,879.87|
|B.A. + 45||43,206.11||62,771.13|
|B.A. + 60||45,651.74||67,662.39|
|B.A. + 75||48,097.35||72,553.63|
Schools in Fresno Unified School District
Fresno Unified School District served 73,353 students during the 2013-2014 school year. Enrollment in the district decreased by 2.9 percent from 2009 to 2013.
|Year||Enrollment||Year-to-year change (%)|
Fresno Unified School District operates 100 schools, which are listed below in alphabetical order:
|Fresno Unified School District|
|Bullard Talent K-8|
|Cesar Chavez Adult School|
|J. E. Young Academic Center|
|Lori Ann Infant Center|
|Phoenix Elementary Academy|
|Phoenix Secondary Academy|
California STAR program
California's Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) program, which includes the California Standards Tests, the California Modified Assessment and the California Alternate Performance Assessment, measures student achievement in grades two through 11 for California's academic content standards. STAR results include English-language arts and mathematics in grades two through 11, science in grades five and eight through 11 and history and social science in grades eight, 10 and 11. In high school, math and science tests reflect the course in which the student is enrolled. There are five STAR performance benchmarks to indicate a student's academic proficiency. "Proficient" or "Advanced" indicates that a student is meeting or exceeding state standards. The table below shows the percentage of students in the district who scored proficient or advanced during the 2012-2013 school year.
|STAR Results, % of Proficient/Advanced Students, 2012-2013|
|Subject||District (%)||State average (%)|
|History and Social Science||36||49|
- California school districts
- List of school districts in California
- Fresno Unified School District elections (2014)
- School board elections portal
- Fresno Unified School District
- Fresno Teachers Association
- Fresno, California
- Fresno County, California
- California Department of Education
- California School Boards Association
- Ed Data, "District Reports: Profile of District," accessed November 24, 2014
- United States Census Bureau, "Fresno County, California," accessed July 15, 2014
- Fresno County Registrar of Voters, "Election Results," accessed July 15, 2014
- United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
- LinkedIn, "Michael Hanson: Superintendent at Fresno Unified School District," accessed November 24, 2014
- Fresno Unified School District, "Board Members," accessed November 24, 2014
- Fresno County Registrar of Voters, "Contest/Candidate Proof List Statewide General Election," accessed July 21, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Fresno Unified School District, "BB 9323 Board Bylaws: Meeting Conduct," accessed November 24, 2014
- Fresno Unified School District, "Financial Statements," accessed November 27, 2013
- Ed Data, "District Reports: Teacher Salaries," accessed November 24, 2014
- Fresno Unified School District, "Basic Salary Schedule, Effective July 1, 2014," accessed November 24, 2014
- Fresno Unified School District, "Schools," accessed November 24, 2014
- Ed Data, "District Reports: Acountability (API/AYP/Performance)," accessed November 24, 2014
State of California
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