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|Top official:||Reince Priebus|
The nickname the Grand Old Party did not come to be until 1888. Previously, the nickname had been used by Southern Democrats. After the Republicans won back the Presidency and Congress for the first time since the Grant administration, the Chicago Tribune proclaimed, "Let us be thankful that under the rule of the Grand Old Party ... these United States will resume the onward and upward march which the election of Grover Cleveland in 1884 partially arrested."
The party’s official logo, the elephant, is derived from a cartoon by Thomas Nast.
Republican National Committee
The Republican National Committee (RNC) provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. It is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, as well as coordinating fundraising and election strategy. It is also responsible for organizing and running the Republican National Convention every four years. The current chairman of the RNC is Reince Priebus.
Its main counterpart is the Democratic National Committee.
Both the Republican Party and Democratic Party originated as one, single party. This party was called the Democratic-Republican Party, and it was organized by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in 1792. The purpose of the Democratic-Republican Party was to stand in opposition against the Federalist Party, who had supported and pushed through the ratification of the United States Constitution, in upcoming elections. The party came into power with Thomas Jefferson’s election in 1801 and held the nation’s highest office through the election of Andrew Jackson in 1824. Jackson’s election was contentious, however, with the party dividing its support between him and John Quincy Adams. Soon after the 1824 election, the party officially split into the National Republicans (led by Adams and Henry Clay) and the Democratic Party (led by Jackson).
Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. The first documented meeting of the Republican Party took place in Ripon, Wisconsin that year. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in laissez-faire capitalism, low taxes, supply-side fiscal policies and social conservatism.
|“||Grand New Party
It began in a little schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin, in 1854. A small group of dedicated abolitionists gathered to fight the expansion of slavery, and they gave birth to a Party dedicated to freedom and equal opportunity.
The name “Republican” was chosen, alluding to Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party and conveying a commitment to the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
The Party was formally organized in July 1854 by thousands of anti-slavery activists at a convention in Jackson, Michigan. And it was no accident that two years later, in 1856, the first Republican National Convention took place in Philadelphia, where the Constitution was written.
Party of Freedom
Though popularized in a Thomas Nast cartoon, the GOP’s elephant symbol originated during the 1860 campaign, as a symbol of Republican strength. Republicans envisioned “free soil, free speech, free labor.”
Under the leadership of President Abraham Lincoln, the GOP became the Party of the Union as well. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, but it was the entire Republican Party who freed the slaves. The 1864 Republican National Convention called for the abolition of slavery, and Congressional Republicans passed the 13th Amendment unanimously, with only a few Democrat votes.
The early women’s rights movement was solidly Republican, as it was a continuation of abolitionism. They were careful not to be overly partisan, but as did Susan B. Anthony, most suffragists favored the GOP. The 19th Amendment was written by a Republican senator and garnered greater support from Republicans than from Democrats.
Party of Prosperity
Low taxes, sound money, regulatory restraint: these were among the commonsense economic policies established by the GOP that brought about decades of prosperity after the Civil War. Republicans encouraged innovation and rule of law. Buttressed by Republican control in Congress, the McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt and Taft administrations cleared away obstacles to economic growth.
President Dwight Eisenhower and congressional Republicans appreciated the fact that the private sector, not government, is the engine of wealth creation. With his bold tax-cutting agenda, President Ronald Reagan revived the economy after years of Democrat malaise.
Party of Vision
Theodore Roosevelt embodies our Party’s traditional concern for the environment, but the Republican commitment to the environment actually goes back much further than that. For example, the world’s first national park, Yellowstone, was established during the Ulysses Grant administration.
President Eisenhower advocated groundbreaking civil rights legislation and vigorously enforced the Brown v Board of Education decision, sending the 101st Airborne to Little Rock when chaos erupted following integration at Central High.
Ronald Reagan explained the difference between Democrats and Republicans in a way that cannot be improved upon: “Two visions of the future, two fundamentally different ways of governing – their government of pessimism, fear, and limits, or ours of hope, confidence, and growth. Their government sees people only as members of groups. Ours serves all the people of America as individuals.”
President George H.W. Bush championed community and volunteer organizations and the tremendous power they have for doing good. He famously described them as “a brilliant diversity spread like stars, like a thousand points of light in a broad and peaceful sky.”
In the first decade of the 21st century, President George W. Bush made an unprecedented commitment to helping those in need beyond our shores through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), an aid program for countries devastated by HIV/AIDS. Since its inception, PEPFAR has saved over a million lives and currently provides over 5 million people with life-saving treatments.
Party of Strength
President Reagan and President George H.W. Bush led western democracies to victory over Soviet tyranny in the Cold War. The George W. Bush administration maintained the military second-to-none and projected that power in the fight against international terrorism.
Party of the Future
Drawing inspiration from our Party’s history, today’s Republicans believe individuals, not government, make the best decisions; all people are entitled to equal rights; and decisions are best made close to home.
At the state level, the nation’s thirty Republican governors are making government more effective and efficient, spurring economic growth and striving to put more power in the hands of the people.
Nationally, Republicans recognize that the slow, bloated, top-down Washington bureaucracy is out-of-date in the 21st century. Our Party works to give Americans more choices—in healthcare, in education, in energy, and in the economy—and to free individuals and families from the intrusive overreach of federal bureaucrats.
The Party’s core principles of freedom and equal opportunity are as relevant today as at our founding, and they are the roadmap for American renewal in a new and interconnected world.
We believe in the power and opportunity of America’s free-market economy. We believe in the importance of sensible business regulations that promote confidence in our economy among consumers, entrepreneurs and businesses alike. We oppose interventionist policies that put the federal government in control of industry and allow it to pick winners and losers in the marketplace.
President Ronald Reagan’s approach to America’s national defense, which successfully confronted the Soviet Union and ended the Cold War, is as essential today as it was then: Peace through strength — an enduring peace, based on freedom and the will to defend it. Today, it requires defending America’s homeland, including remaining vigilant in confronting global terrorism, maintaining a robust defense against the threats arising from nuclear proliferation, including a strong ballistic missile defense for America and our allies, and promoting an effective, capable intelligence community. It requires a full commitment to America’s Armed Forces to ensure they are modern, agile and adaptable to the unpredictable range of challenges in the years ahead. And it requires a sustained international effort, which complements our military activities, to develop and maintain alliances and relationships that will lead to greater peace and stability. While the United States participates in various international organizations which can serve the cause of peace and posterity, they must never substitute for principled American leadership nor prevent America from joining other democracies to protect our vital national interests.
We support common-sense reforms that will lower costs, ensure quality health care that Americans deserve, and end lawsuit abuse. We oppose government-run health care, which won’t protect the physician-patient relationship, won’t promote competition, and won’t promote health care quality and choice.
We believe that maintaining a world-class system of primary and secondary education with high standards in which all students can reach their potential is critically important to America’s future. We believe parents should be empowered to send their children to the school of their choice.
We believe in energy independence. We support an “all of the above” approach that encourages the responsible production of nuclear power, clean coal, solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower, as well as drilling for oil and natural gas in an environmentally responsible way. We oppose so-called cap and trade legislation that would impose a national energy tax on families and small business that would kill jobs and raise utility prices.
Republicans believe a judge’s role is to interpret the law, not make law from the bench. Judges in our federal court system, from district courts to the Supreme Court, should demonstrate fidelity to the U.S. Constitution. We trust the judicial system to base rulings on the law, and nothing else.
Below is a list of national leaders of the Republican Party:
|Treasurer||Tony Parker||District of Columbia|
|Governors Association Chairman||Governor Chris Christie||New Jersey|
|Senatorial Campaign Chairman||Senator Jerry Moran||Kansas|
|Speaker of the House (dead link)||Congressman John Boehner||Ohio|
|House Majority Leader (dead link)||Congressman Eric Cantor||Virginia|
|Senate Republican Leader (dead link)||Senator Mitch McConnell||Kentucky|
Chairpersons of the RNC
|Edwin D. Morgan||1856-1864||New York|
|Henry J. Raymond||1864-1866||New York|
|Marcus L. Ward||1866-1868||New Jersey|
|Edwin D. Morgan||1872-1876||New York|
|J. Donald Cameron||1879-1880||Pennsylvania|
|Dwight M. Sabin||1883-1884||Minnesota|
|B. F. Jones||1887-1888||New Jersey|
|Matthew S. Quay||1888-1891||Pennsylvania|
|James S. Clarkson||1891-1892||Iowa|
|Thomas H. Carter||1892-1896||Montana|
|Marcus A. Hanna||1896-1904||Ohio|
|Henry Clay Payne||1904||Wisconsin|
|George Bruce Cortelyou||1904-1907||New York|
|Harry S. New||1907-1908||Indiana|
|Frank Harris Hitchcock||1908-1909||Ohio|
|John Fremont Hill||1910-1912||Maine|
|Charles D. Hilles||1912-1916||New York|
|Will H. Hays||1918-1921||Indiana|
|John T. Adams||1921-1924||Iowa|
|William M. Butler||1925||Massachusetts|
|Claudius H. Huston||1929-1930||Tennessee|
|Simeon D. Fess||1931||Ohio|
|Henry P. Fletcher||1934-1936||Pennsylvania|
|Joseph W. Martin, Jr.||1940-1942||Massachusetts|
|Harrison E. Spangler||1942-1944||Iowa|
|Herbert Brownell, Jr.||1944-1946||New York|
|Hugh D. Scott, Jr.||1948-1949||Pennsylvania|
|Guy G. Gabrielson||1949-1952||New Jersey|
|Arthur E. Summerfield||1952-1953||Michigan|
|Leonard W. Hall||1953-1957||New York|
|Thruston B. Morton||1959-1961||Kentucky|
|William E. Miller||1961-1964||New York|
|Ray C. Bliss||1965-1969||Ohio|
|Rogers C. B. Morton||1969-1971||Maryland|
|George H. W. Bush||1973-1974||Texas|
|Mary Louise Smith||1974-1977||Iowa|
|William E. Brock III||1977-1981||Tennessee|
|Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr.||1983-1989||Nevada|
|Lee Atwater||1989-1991||South Carolina|
|Clayton Keith Yeutter||1991-1992||Nebraska|
|Ken Mehlman||2005-2007||Washington, D.C.|
|Louisiana||Roger Villere, Jr.|
|Michigan||Robert “Bobby” I. Schostak|
|New Jersey||Sam Raia|
|New Hampshire||Jennifer Horn|
|New Mexico||John Billingsley|
|New York||Ed Cox|
|North Carolina||Claude Pope|
|North Dakota||Robert Harms|
|Pennsylvania||Rob Gleason Jr.|
|Rhode Island||Mark Smiley|
|South Carolina||Matt Moore|
|South Dakota||Craig Lawrence|
|West Virginia||Conrad Lucas|
Republican National Conventions
|1856||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||John C. Fremont|
|1860||Chicago, Illinois||Abraham Lincoln|
|1864||Baltimore, Maryland||Abraham Lincoln|
|1868||Chicago, Illinois||Ulysses Grant|
|1872||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Ulysses Grant|
|1876||Cincinnati, Ohio||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|1880||Chicago, Illinois||James Garfield|
|1884||Chicago, Illinois||James G. Blaine|
|1888||Chicago, Illinois||Benjamin Harrison|
|1892||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Benjamin Harrison|
|1896||St. Louis, Missouri||William McKinley|
|1900||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||William McKinley|
|1904||Chicago, Illinois||Theodore Roosevelt|
|1908||Chicago, Illinois||William Howard Taft|
|1912||Chicago, Illinois||William Howard Taft|
|1916||Chicago, Illinois||Charles Evan Hughes|
|1920||Chicago, Illinois||Warren G. Harding|
|1924||Cleveland, Ohio||Calvin Coolidge|
|1928||Kansas City, Kansas||Herbert Hoover|
|1932||Chicago, Illinois||Herbert Hoover|
|1936||Cleveland, Ohio||Alfred Landon|
|1940||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Wendell Willkie|
|1944||Chicago, Illinois||Thomas Dewey|
|1948||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Thomas Dewey|
|1952||Chicago, Illinois||Dwight Eisenhower|
|1956||San Francisco, California||Dwight Eisenhower|
|1960||Chicago, Illinois||Richard Nixon|
|1964||San Francisco, California||Barry Goldwater|
|1968||Miami Beach, Florida||Richard Nixon|
|1972||Miami Beach, Florida||Richard Nixon|
|1976||Kansas City, Kansas||Gerald Ford|
|1980||Detroit, Michigan||Ronald Reagan|
|1984||Dallas, Texas||Ronald Reagan|
|1988||New Orleans, Louisiana||George H. W. Bush|
|1992||Houston, Texas||George H. W. Bush|
|1996||San Diego, California||Bob Dole|
|2000||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||George W. Bush|
|2004||New York, New York||George W. Bush|
|2008||St. Paul, Minnesota||John McCain|
|2012||Tampa, Florida||Mitt Romney|
|2016||Cleveland, Ohio||To Be Determined|
- Republican National Committee
- U.S. Senate Republican Conference
- U.S. House Republican Conference
- National Republican Senatorial Committee
- National Republican Congressional Committee
- Republican Governors Association
- Republican State Leadership Committee
- Republican Jewish Coalition
- Republican State Leadership Committee
- National Black Republican Association
- RNC Black Republicans
- RNC Hispanic Republicans
- RNC Women Republicans
- Young Republican National Federation
- College Republican National Committee
- Republican Party Historical Society
- CNN on YouTube, "Republican Party (Short History"
- C-SPAN, "A History of the Republican Party"
- Gould, Lewis (2003). Grand Old Party: A History of the Republicans, New York, New York: Random House
- Town Hall.com, "20 Of the Greatest Moments In the History Of the Republican Party"
- GOP.com, "Our History"
- GOP.com, "Our Party"
- GOP.com, "Leadership"
- Huffington Post, "Republican Party"
- Washington Times, "Republican Party"
- US History.org, "Origins of the GOP," accessed March 30, 2014
- Encyclopedia Britannica, "Republican Party," accessed March 30, 2014
- Today I Found Out, "The Origin of the American Democratic Party," accessed March 30, 2014
- Gilder-Lehrman Institute of America, "Democratic-Republican Party," accessed March 30, 2014
- History.com, "Republican Party founded," accessed March 20, 2014
- PBS, "Republican Party," accessed March 30, 2014
- History Today.com, "The Republican Party Founded," accessed March 30, 2014
- GOP.com, "Our History," accessed March 24, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- GOP.com, "Our Party," accessed March 24, 2014
- GOP.com, "Our Party: Leadership," accessed March 30, 2014
- GOP.com, "Leadership," accessed March 24, 2014
- NRSC, "About," accessed March 30, 2014
- GOP.gov, "Republican Leadership," accessed March 30, 2014 (dead link)
- The Political Graveyard, "A Database of Historic Cemeteries," accessed July 17, 2006
- GOP.com, "Members," accessed March 30, 2014
- About.com American History, "Republican National Conventions," accessed March 30, 2014