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Gabriel Duvall

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Gabriel Duvall
Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Position:   Seat #5
Appointed by:   James Madison
Active:   11/18/1811-1/12/1835
Preceded by:   Samuel Chase
Succeeded by:   Philip Pendelton Barbour
Past post:   Maryland General Court
Past chief:   1796-1802
Past term:   1796-1802
Personal History
Born:   December 6, 1752
Hometown:   Prince George`s County, MD
Deceased:   March 6, 1844
Law School:   Read law, 1778
Military service:   Maryland state militia private, 1776

Gabriel Duvall was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the court in 1811 after being nominated by President James Madison. Prior to joining the court, Duvall was the Comptroller for the United States Department of the Treasury. He served until his retirement on January 12, 1835, and passed away on March 6, 1844.[1]

Duvall was one of five nominees made to the Supreme Court by President Madison, though Duvall was only one of two confirmed. He served during The Marshall Court.[2]


Duvall received his legal education by reading law.[1]

Military service

Duvall served in the Maryland militia during the Revolutionary War. Later, he was a commissioner to preserve confiscated British property.[1]

Professional career

  • 1802-1811: United States Comptroller of the Treasury
  • 1796-1802: Chief Justice of the Maryland General Court
  • 1794-1796: United States Representative from Maryland
  • 1787-1794: Member, Maryland House of Delegates
  • 1782-1785: Member, Maryland Governor's Council
  • 1777-1781: Clerk, Maryland House of Delegates
  • 1775-1777: Clerk, Maryland Council of Safety[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Duvall was nominated by President James Madison on November 15, 1811, to a seat vacated by Justice Samuel Chase. Duvall was confirmed by the Senate on November 18, 1811, and received commission that same day. He served until his retirement on January 12, 1835.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Justice Philip Pendelton Barbour.

See also

External links


Political offices
Preceded by:
Samuel Chase
Supreme Court
Seat #5
Succeeded by:
Philip Pendelton Barbour