|George E.B. Holding|
|U.S. House, North Carolina, District 13|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Brad Miller (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|Cost per vote||$7.96 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|High school||Groton School|
|Bachelor's||Wake Forest University|
|J.D.||Wake Forest University|
|Date of birth||April 17, 1968|
|Place of birth||Raleigh, North Carolina|
|Net worth||(2012) $6,121,028|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 4.7 Government affairs
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Holding won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014. Holding defeated Brenda Cleary (D) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
Prior to his congressional career, Holding served the Federal Prosecutor's Office in Raleigh, N.C., under Attorney Frank Whitney until he was appointed by former U.S. President George W. Bush to succeed Whitney as Prosecutor.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Holding is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
Holding grew up in Raleigh, North Carolina. He attended Groton School in Massachusetts and then graduated from Wake Forest University in 1990. He went on to get his J.D. from Wake Forest in 1996.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Holding's academic, professional and political career:
- 2013-Present: U.S Representative from North Carolina's 13th Congressional District
- 2006-2011: U.S. Attorney, Eastern District of North Carolina
- One of his more high profile cases involved initiating the prosecution of former Democratic Senator John Edwards. He had resigned to run for Congress and did not participate in the bulk of the hearing.
- 2002-2006: Assistant U.S. Attorney, Eastern District of North Carolina
- 2001-2002: Practicing lawyer
- 1999-2001: Legislative aide, Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C.
- 1996-1999: Practicing lawyer
Holding serves on the following committees:
Holding served on the following committees:
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia and Emerging Threats
- Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific
- Committee on Judiciary
- Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security
- Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial, and Antitrust Law
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Holding's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Holding voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Holding voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Holding did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Holding voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Holding voted against HR 2775.
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Holding voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Holding voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Holding voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Holding voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans—Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit. Holding joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Holding is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Holding received a score of 31 percent on social issues and 79 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Opposes||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Opposes|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Opposes||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Opposes|
|Vouchers for school choice||Unknown||Keep God in the public sphere||Strongly Favors|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Favors||Human needs over animal rights||Neutral|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Unknown|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Unknown||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Favors|
|Prioritize green energy||Opposes||Expand the military||Favors|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Opposes||Stay out of Iran||Opposes|
|Privatize Social Security||Unknown||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
Holding's campaign website listed the following issues:
- Excerpt: "The best way for government to help families is by simply reducing the burdens on families. Like cutting taxes. Taxes are the fastest growing expense in the average family's budget. Taxes cost families more than food, clothing or shelter."
- Faith & Religious Freedom
- Excerpt: "The freedom to pray and worship God is essential to the moral fiber of our nation. We Americans understand religious freedom extends to different faiths, but the Founding Fathers never intended freedom of religion to become government opposition to religion."
- Federal Spending
- Excerpt: "Congress has borrowed and spent until we're now sitting on a fiscal time bomb. What it takes to make spending cuts is simple: Political Courage. And we have to support leaders who have that kind of courage."
- The Stimulus Plan
- Excerpt: "After President Obama was elected he decided to spend us out of the recession, but it didn't work. Instead, three years later, it's clear we have dug the hole we're in deeper. The sooner we change courses and cut spending, the sooner our economy will recover."
- Corporate Subsidies
- Excerpt: "Elected officials simply need to have the courage to say no to special interests who lobby for corporate subsidies."
Holding won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed for the nomination in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014, and defeated Brenda Cleary (D) in the general election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.
|U.S. House, North Carolina District 13 General Election, 2014|
|Republican||George Holding Incumbent||57.3%||153,991|
|Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections|
Holding won his seat in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing North Carolina's 13th District. Holding defeated Paul Coble and Bill Randall in the Republican primary. He went on to defeat Charles Malone (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in North Carolina in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013. North Carolina was rated eighth on the list.
|U.S. House, North Carolina District 13 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||George E.B. Holding||56.8%||210,495|
|Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, North Carolina District 13 Republican Primary, 2012|
|Paul Y. Coble||34.2%||29,354|
- In March 2012, Holding released a 30-second campaign ad entitled, "Unfunded Liabilities." The ad attacked rival Paul Coble's fiscal record.
- On April 30, 2012, Holding released a second 30-second ad entitled, "Unglued."
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Holding attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Holding is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Holding raised a total of $1,685,833 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.
|George Holding's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House (North Carolina, District 13)||$1,685,833|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,685,833|
|George E.B. Holding (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$12,108.83||$114,038.32||$(102,302.41)||$23,844.74|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$23,844.74||$170,052.49||$(140,226.08)||$53,671.15|
|October Quarterly||October 14, 2013||$53,671.15||$222,983.93||$(176,713.50)||$99,941.58|
|Year-End Quarterly||December 31, 2013||$99,941||$141,045||$(119,891)||$121,045|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$121,045.66||$145,118||$(148,751.18)||$117,412.48|
|Pre-Primary||April 24, 2014||$117,412.48||$28,341.86||$(46,050.24)||$99,704.10|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$99,704.10||$174,805.19||$(89,263.83)||$185,245.46|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2014||$185,245.46||$330,211.85||$(340,319.00)||$175,138.31|
|Pre-General||October 23, 2014||$175,138.31||$41,580.00||$(142,854.28)||$73,864.03|
Cost per vote
Holding spent $7.96 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, North Carolina District 13, 2012 - George Holding Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$18,132|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$18,132|
|Top contributors to George Holding's campaign committee|
|Ward & Smith||$48,458|
|First Citizens Bancshares||$25,450|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Holding's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,177,058 and $9,064,998. That averages to $6,121,028, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Holding ranked as the 58th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Holding's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 7 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|George Holding Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-7%|
|Average annual growth:||-7%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Holding received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.
From 2011-2014, 25.81 percent of Holding's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|George Holding Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|% total in top industry||7.6%|
|% total in top two industries||14.58%|
|% total in top five industries||25.81%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Holding most often votes with:
Holding least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Holding missed 16 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 1.4 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Holding ranked 2nd in the conservative rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Holding voted with the Republican Party 96.6 percent of the time, which ranked 12th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.
Holding voted with the Republican Party 95.6 percent of the time, which ranked 51st among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.
Holding has four children with his wife, Lucy.
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "George + Holding + North Carolina + Congress"
- All stories may not be relevant to this legislator due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from North Carolina
- North Carolina's 13th Congressional District elections, 2014
- North Carolina's 13th Congressional District
- Social media:
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Congressional profile at CongressMerge.com
- Congressional profile at GovTrack.us
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress.org
- Summary, biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile and news at Roll Call
- Profile at Wikipedia
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Legislation at Congress.gov
- Voting record maintained by The Washington Post
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, North Carolina," accessed November 7, 2012
- Associated Press, "2014 primary results," accessed May 6, 2014
- Politico, "North Carolina House Election Results by District," accessed November 6, 2014
- Washington Times, "George E.B. Holding," accessed June 26, 2013
- National Journal, "North Carolina, 13th House District: George Holding (R)," accessed November 9, 2012
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HOLDING, George E.B., (1968 - )," accessed February 11, 2015
- U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
- Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
- Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
- On The Issues, "George Holding Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Campaign website, "Issues," accessed September 13, 2013
- News & Observer, "Holding to run for Miller's seat," accessed December 26, 2011
- North Carolina State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results," accessed October 10, 2012
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- Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
- Open Secrets, "George E.B. Holding," accessed May 16, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "George E.B. Holding Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "George E.B. Holding April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "George E.B. Holding July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding Pre-Primary," accessed May 16, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "George Holding Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
- Open Secrets, "George Holding 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "George Holding (R-NC), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. George Holding," accessed September 29, 2014
- GovTrack, "George Holding," accessed August 18, 2014
- OpenCongress, "George Holding," accessed August 18, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 18, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Congressman George Holding, Representing North Carolina's 13th District, "Biography," accessed August 18, 2014
|U.S. House of Representatives - North Carolina District 13
| Succeeded by|