Georgia's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

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Georgia's 2nd Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
July 31, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. Democratic Party
Sanford D. Bishop Jr.jpg

Georgia U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Georgia.png
The 2nd Congressional District of Georgia held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012. Incumbent Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. won the election.[1] He has held the seat since 1998, through two redistrictings.[2]
This is the 2nd Congressional District prior to the 2010 redistricting.
Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
May 25, 2012
July 31, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Georgia is one of 16 states to use an open primary system. When runoff elections are used, voters must vote in same party's runoff election as they voted for in the first round election.

Voter registration: Voters must have registered to vote by July 2, 2012, to vote in the primary election.[3] (Information about registering to vote)

See also: Georgia elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. (D), who was first elected in 1992.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Georgia's 2nd Congressional District is one of the largest districts by size, and it takes in most of the southwestern fourth of the state of Georgia.[4]


General election candidates

Democratic Party Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party John House

August 11, 2012, Republican primary runoff candidates

July 31, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Election results

U.S. House, Georgia District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngSanford Bishop Incumbent 63.8% 162,751
     Republican John House 36.2% 92,410
Total Votes 255,161
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Georgia District 2 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRick Allen 41.9% 11,312
Ken DeLoach 26.1% 7,043
John House 31.9% 8,614
Total Votes 26,969

Race background


John House received endorsements from the Georgia Right to Life[9] and Georgia representative Mike Keown.[10]

Race rating

Blue vs. Red

Possible race ratings are:

     Solid Democratic
     Likely Democratic
     Lean Democratic


     Lean Republican
     Likely Republican
     Solid Republican

     Georgia's 2nd District is a solidly Democratic district.

In June 2012, Sabato's Crystal Ball rated Georgia's 2nd District as solidly Democratic.[11]

Department of Justice lawsuit

On June 29, 2012, the Department of Justice filed a suit in federal court against the state of Georgia, alleging that service members, their family members and overseas civilian voters wouldn’t have time to vote by absentee ballot in runoff elections, if they are required.[12] According to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (dead link) (UOCAVA), states must transmit all validly requested ballots to UOCAVA voters at least 45 days before an election, unless a hardship exemption is obtained, for which Georgia failed to file.[12] However, this conflicted with the timeline for runoff elections, in which the primary runoff, by law, must be held 21 days after the regular or special primary election, and if a runoff is required after the Nov. 6 general election, it must be held 28 days later, on December 4, which also wouldn’t provide the required 45 days.[12]

As part of the lawsuit, the Department of Justice asked Georgia to "extend the ballot receipt deadline to Aug. 31 for these voters, to send ballots by express delivery as soon as possible before the Aug. 21 runoff election, and inform UOCAVA voters no later than July 7 of their right to request a state write-in absentee ballot or their official absentee ballot for any runoff election by downloading it from the Internet, by email, or by fax."[12]

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Georgia

On August 22, 2011, Georgia Republican leadership released their proposed Congressional redistricting map. Due to population growth, Georgia gained a 14th Congressional district following the 2010 census. The new district, according to the plan, was located in the northwestern part of the state.[13] U.S. Rep. Tom Graves (R) was drawn into the new district, leaving his former 9th District seat open in 2012. The new 9th District leans Republican.[13] In addition, the plan displaced US Rep. John Barrow (D), but Barrow (who had been displaced before) planned to move in order to remain in the 12th District.[13] US Rep. Sanford Bishop's (D) district became a majority-minority district. Also, U.S. Rep. Phil Gingrey's (R) 11th District picked up part of Atlanta. Overall, the plan was expected to bolster the Republican majority in the state's Congressional delegation.[13]

The new 2nd District is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[14][15]

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Georgia's 2nd District became more Democratic as a result of redistricting.[16]

  • 2012: 55D / 45R
  • 2010: 50D / 50R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Georgia's 2nd Congressional District had a PVI of D+4, which was the 155th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 58-42 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 53-47 percent over George W. Bush.[17]

District history

Candidate ballot access
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.


On November 2, 2010, Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Mike Keown (R) in the general election.[18]

U.S. House, Georgia District 2 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngSanford D. Bishop, Jr. Incumbent 51.4% 86,520
     Republican Mike Keown 48.6% 81,673
Total Votes 168,193

See also

External links


  1. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. Savannah Now, "Kingston & Stephens"
  3. Georgia Secretary of State, "Election Dates," accessed April 25, 2012
  4. Georgia Redistricting Map, "Map" accessed July 5, 2012
  5. AP Results "Georgia U.S. House Runoff Results" accessed August 21, 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Georgia Secretary of State "Candidate List" accessed May 28, 2012
  7. Albany Herald "Rick Allen to run against Sanford Bishop" accessed February 16, 2012
  8. WTVM "Army veteran running against Bishop for Congress" accessed February 16, 2012
  9. John House for Congress, "John House receives key endorsement from Georgia Right to Life" accessed July 26, 2012
  10. John House for Congress, "Mike Keown endorses John House for Congress" accessed July 26, 2012
  11. Center for Politics, "2012 House Ratings," Updated June 27, 2012
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Marine Corps Times, "Justice sues Georgia over voting deadlines" accessed July 24, 2012
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "GOP redistricting plan would tighten grip on congressional delegation," August 22, 2011
  14. Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer, "Georgia's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
  15. Labels & Lists, "VoterMapping software voter counts"
  16. FairVote, "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in Georgia," September 2012
  17. Cook Political Report, "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" accessed October 2012
  18. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013