Governor of Kansas
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012 FY Budget:||$19,329,277|
|Term limits:||Two consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Kansas Constitution, Article I, Section III The Executive Department|
|Assumed office:||January 10, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Kansas Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Commissioner of Education • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Wildlife and Parks Secretary • Labor Secretary • Corporation Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of May 2015, Kansas is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article 1, Section III:
The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a governor, who shall be responsible for the enforcement of the laws of this state.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Kansas' constitution does not set out requirements for office.
Kansas elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Kansas, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election.
- See also: Kansas Gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Kansas, 2014|
|Republican||Sam Brownback/Jeff Colyer Incumbent||49.8%||433,196|
|Democratic||Paul Davis/Jill Docking||46.1%||401,100|
|Libertarian||Keen Umbehr/Josh Umbehr||4%||35,206|
|Election Results via Kansas Secretary of State.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Kansas governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No person may be elected to more than two successive terms as governor...|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article 1, Section 11.
At any time the governor is unable to discharge the office, temporarily or permanently, the lieutenant governor shall take his place until the disability is removed.
If the lieutenant governor is also disabled, the legislature shall determine the line of succession.
Under the Kansas Constitution, the governor is also the head of government, serving as the chief executive of the Kansas executive branch. The governor is the commander-in-fhief of the state National Guard when not called into federal use. Despite being an executive branch official, the governor also possesses legislative and judicial powers. The Governor's responsibilities include making yearly "State of the State" addresses to the Kansas Legislature, submitting the budget, ensuring that state laws are enforced, and that the peace is preserved.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- commanding reports from any other officer of the Executive on any aspect of their job. Heads of state institutions must also make annual reports to the Governor no later than ten days prior to the state of the regular legislative session (§ 4).
- calling the legislature into special session either by proclamation or following a petition signed by two-thirds the membership of either house (§ 5), as well as adjourning the legislature when the body cannot agree to do so itself
- reorganizing the parts of the Executive "for the purpose of transferring, abolishing, consolidating or coordinating" (§ 6)
- granting pardons (§ 7)
- keeping and officially using the Great Seal of Kansas (§ 8)
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Kansas has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Kansas state budget and finances
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in June.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held in November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature on the eighth calendar day of the legislative session. For new governors, this deadline is extended to the 21st calendar day of the session.
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in May. A simple majority is required to adopt a budget. The fiscal year begins in July.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced proposed budget. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The Office of Governor's budget for the 2012 fiscal year was $19,329,277.
The salary of the governor, along with other Kansas elected executives, is determined by the Kansas State Legislature. Article I, Section 13 of the Kansas Constitution states that state executive salaries are legally fixed and may not be reduced during the current term, unless such a reduction applies to all salaried state officers. However, under Article XV, Section 7 the legislature may reduce the salary of an elected officer for gross neglect of duty.
|Compensation of officers. The officers mentioned in this article shall at stated times receive for their services a such compensation as is established by law, which shall not be diminished during their terms of office, unless by general law applicable to all salaried officers of the state. Any person exercising the powers and duties of an office mentioned in this article shall receive the compensation established by law for that office.|
|Salaries reduced for neglect of duty. The legislature may reduce the salaries of officers, who shall neglect the performance of any legal duty.|
In 2010, the governor was paid $110,707 a year, the 36th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
In Kansas from 1992-2013 there were Democratic governors in office for 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for 11 years, including the last three. Kansas was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Kansas state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Kansas has never had a Democratic trifecta, while it has had a Republican trifecta in two separate periods of the study (between 1995 and 2003, and again beginning in 2011). The state cracked the top-10 in the SQLI ranking once in 1992. Kansas’s most precipitous drop in the ranking occurred under divided government between 1993 and 1994, when the state fell nine spots. The state’s largest gain in the SQLI ranking occurred between 2007 and 2008, also under divided government. Kansas reached its lowest point in 1999 (29th) under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 20.90
- SQLI average with divided government: 19.09
There have been 43 Governors of Kansas since 1861. Of the 43 officeholders, 32 were Republican, 10 were Democrat and one was Populist.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1861-Present|
|1||Charles Lawrence Robinson||1861-1863||Republican|
|3||Samuel Johnson Crawford||1865-1868||Republican|
|5||James Madison Harvey||1869-1873||Republican|
|6||Thomas Andrew Osborn||1873-1877||Republican|
|7||George Tobey Anthony||1877-1879||Republican|
|8||John Pierce St. John||1879-1883||Republican|
|9||George Washington Glick||1883-1885||Democratic|
|10||John Alexander Martin||1885-1889||Republican|
|11||Lyman Underwood Humphrey||1889-1893||Republican|
|12||Lorenzo Dow Lewelling||1893-1895||Democratic|
|13||Edmund Needham Morrill||1895-1897||Republican|
|14||John Whitnah Leedy||1897-1899||Populist|
|15||William Eugene Stanley||1899-1903||Republican|
|15||Willis Joshua Bailey||1903-1905||Republican|
|16||Edward Wallis Hoch||1905-1909||Republican|
|17||Walter Roscoe Stubbs||1909-1913||Republican|
|18||George Hartshorn Hodges||1913-1915||Democratic|
|20||Ben Sanford Paulen||1925-1929||Republican|
|21||Clyde Martin Reed||1929-1931||Republican|
|22||Harry Hines Woodring||1931-1933||Democratic|
|23||Alfred Mossman Landon||1933-1937||Republican|
|24||Walter Augustus Huxman||1937-1939||Democratic|
|25||Payne Harry Ratner||1939-1943||Republican|
|26||Andrew Frank Schoeppel||1943-1947||Republican|
|28||Frank Lester Hagaman||1950-1951||Republican|
|29||Edward Ferdinand Arn||1951-1955||Republican|
|30||Frederick Lee Hall||1955-1957||Republican|
|31||John Berridge McCuish||1957||Republican|
|34||William Henry Avery||1965-1967||Republican|
|35||Robert Blackwell Docking||1967-1975||Democratic|
|36||Robert F. Bennett||1975-1979||Republican|
|38||John Michael Hayden||1987-1991||Republican|
|42||Mark V. Parkinson||2009-2011||Democratic|
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Office of the Governor
Capitol, 300 SW 10th Ave., Ste. 212S
Topeka, KS 66612-1590
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- The Governor's State of Kansas Budget Report, "Fiscal Year 2014 Volume 2," 109," accessed June26, 2013
- Kansas Constitution, "Article I Executive; Compensation of Officers," accessed February 18, 2015
- Kansas Constitution, “Article XV Miscellaneous; Salaries reduced for neglect of duty,” accessed February 18,2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Kansas: Past Governors Bios," accessed July 29, 2013
State of Kansas
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Wildlife and Parks | Secretary of Labor | Corporation Commission |