|U.S. Senate, Nevada|
|January 3, 1987-Present|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||26|
|Predecessor||Paul D. Laxalt (R)|
|Senate Majority Leader|
|Senate Minority Leader|
|Senate Majority Whip|
|Senate Minority Whip|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 2, 2010|
|First elected||January 3, 1987|
|Next election||November 8, 2016|
|United States House of Representatives District 1|
|Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission|
|Lieutenant Governor of Nevada|
|Bachelor's||Utah State University|
|J.D.||George Washington University|
|Birthday||December 2, 1939|
|Place of birth||Searchlight, Nevada|
|Religion||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)|
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Reid is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Reid was born in Searchlight, Nevada. Reid attended Southern Utah University and graduated from Utah State University. He then went to George Washington University Law School earning a J.D. while working for the United States Capitol Police.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Reid's academic, professional and political career:
- 1969-1970: Nevada State Assembly
- 1977-1981: chairman, Nevada Gaming Commission
- 1983-1987: U.S. House of Representatives
Reid served on the following committee:
- Select Committee on Intelligence (Ex officio)
The 113th Congress has had 22 out of 4,315 introduced bills enacted into law (0.5%) as of August 1, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.5% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 9,272 out of 15,834 executive nominations received thus far (58.6%). For more information pertaining to Reid's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American intervention in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Reid spoke to the Senate on Monday in support of military intervention in Syria. He said, "If we allow Assad’s use of chemical weapons to go unchecked and unanswered, hostile forces around the world will also assume these terrible attacks of demons like Assad are permissible, they’re OK. Americans cannot allow that. My mind returns to that turning point in the world history when the United States of America faced down an evil regime that murdered millions of innocent citizens. Millions and millions of civilians and prisoners of war were murdered by gas in Nazi death camps.” Reid added, “Some prefer isolation. That’s the easy thing to do. But sitting on the sideline isn’t what made the United States of America the greatest nation in the world in years past. Sitting on the sidelines won’t make us a better nation tomorrow.”
John Brennan CIA nomination
Reid voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
Reid and other Democratic leaders said that they will only accept a clean continuing resolution. He refused to say whether he would accept a one-week continuing resolution from House members, which could be a last-minute safety valve if the two chambers cannot agree on a longer solution.
“I’m not going to speculate on what they are going to do. We have all made it very clear: We’ll have a clean CR,” Reid said. “Right now, they do not know what they are going to do. They’re throwing all this mud to see what sticks on the wall.”
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Reid voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Reid voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
- See also: Healthcare.gov website rollout
Reid said he's not worried about the Healthcare.gov difficulties impacting Democrats negatively in the 2014 election cycle. He said, "I think it’s going to be good for them. By that time, there will be a lot of people on it that have already signed up. It’ll be fine." He added, "We have 21 Democratic senators that are up, and … we’re watching two or three of them closely, but to take over the majority they’d need six seats. I’m not cocky, but I am comfortable where we are. I think we’re in pretty good shape." He also defended President Barack Obama's claim people could keep their insurance plans. He said, "Remember what the president said: ‘If you like your insurance, you can keep it.’ There is nobody in America that has the same insurance that … they had when he said this. We’ve had three different years. The policies are only for one year." He added, "I still go back and say what I said earlier. What he said was true. If you want to keep the insurance you have you can keep it. The problem is … we did not put the bill into effect that way. There’s a lot of administrative things that kicked in, and there have been three changes in anyone’s policy since then. It’s not the same policy."
Completion of fence along Mexico border
Reid voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Reid voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Reid voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.
On May 10, 2013, news broke that various branches of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) had specifically targeted conservative groups' applications for tax-exempt status. This began during the tea party surge in 2010. The agency was separating tax-exempt applications by searching for political terms such as "tea party" and "patriot." In June 2011, an IRS official was briefed on these transgressions and asked that this practice end. The flagging continued, however, when the criteria was changed in January 2012 to look out for groups educating on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
The targeting includes allegations that tea party groups were forced to provide information not asked of other tax exempt groups. Examples of this included requests for donor information, Facebook posts, resumes and political intentions of group officials and connections to other groups.
On May 16, IRS Commissioner Steven Miller announced his resignation. He still testified at the hearings the next day.
As a result of this scandal, Republicans and many Democratic members of Congress, including Reid, have publicly called for a deeper investigation into these matters. The House Ways and Means Committee held a hearing on May 17 during which it was disclosed that the Obama administration was made aware of the targeting on June 4, 2012. 
On May 20, Senators Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch sent a written inquiry regarding the process for how the agency reviewed applications for tax exempt status. The letter also requested any correspondence between White House officials and the IRS mentioning 501(c) organizations. 
During the May 22 House committee hearing on the issue, Lois Lerner, head of the IRS tax-exempt organizations office, declined to answer questions citing her Fifth Amendment right. The next day, May 23, Lerner was placed on administrative leave pending an investigation after Senators John McCain and Carl Levin called on IRS officials to place her on suspension.
A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members. According to the report, Reid secured $21.5 million to build a bridge over the Colorado River, linking the gambling resort town of Laughlin, Nev., with Bullhead City, Ariz. Reid owns 160 acres of undeveloped land in Bullhead City.
Criticism of Ted Cruz
Reid had harsh words for Republican Senator Ted Cruz in October 2013. He said he hoped that Cruz runs in 2016 for President because it would bring down the GOP. Reid explained, "If I didn’t care so much about our country, I would hope he would get the Republican nomination for president, because that would mean the end of the Republican Party. With Ted Cruz, I am sure this will help him raise more money." He added he was not worried another shutdown would happen because of how badly the most recent shutdown damaged the Republicans poll numbers. However, Reid lashed out at moderate Republicans that voted with the tea party Republicans--"My disappointment in all of this is not the 80 or 90 people who live in some other political world that I don’t understand. But my disappointment is the so-called moderates who went along with this vote after vote after vote. Einstein said this, pure definition of insanity is somebody who does something over and over and over again and expects a different result. So that was my No. 1 concern, that these so-called moderate Republicans went along with this crazy stuff." He also referenced the recent incident with Senator Tom Coburn and said that he didn't believe Coburn meant what he said and they had worked out their issues.
On November 21, 2013, Reid invoked the "nuclear option," cutting the 60-vote threshold required for executive branch nominees to reach the floor for confirmation votes to a simple majority vote. The rule change came after Senate Republicans blocked three D.C. Circuit Court judges from confirmation. Tensions in the chamber have become increasingly hostile, and the decision to invoke the "nuclear option" is expected to make problems worse. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell stated, "Some of us have been around here long enough to know that the shoe is sometimes on the other foot." He continued, "You may regret this a lot sooner than you think."
On November 2, 2010, Reid won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Sharron Angle (R), None of the Above, Scott Ashjian (Tea Party), Timothy Fasano (Independent American), and independent candidates Michael L. Haines, Jesse Holland, Jeffery C. Reeves, and Wil Stand.
To view the full congressional electoral history for Harry Reid, click [show] to expand the section.
Comprehensive donor information for Reid is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Reid raised a total of $33,722,950 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.
|Harry Reid's Campaign Contribution History|
|2010||U.S. Senate (Nevada)||$24,815,104|
|2004||U.S. Senate (Nevada)||$8,907,846|
|Grand Total Raised||$33,722,950|
|U.S. Senate, Nevada, 2010 - Harry Reid Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$28,162,049|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$28,262,487|
|Top contributors to Harry Reid's campaign committee|
|MGM Resorts International||$199,850|
|Weitz & Luxenberg||$112,850|
|Girardi & Keese||$105,200|
|Simmons Cooper LLC||$105,200|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$1,272,208|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Reid most often votes with:
Reid least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Reid missed 94 of 8,799 roll call votes from January 1987 to April 2013. This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Reid paid his congressional staff a total of $2,465,489 in 2011. He ranks 9th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranks 35th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Nevada ranks 42nd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Reid's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $2,781,063 to $6,201,000. That averages to $4,491,031, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2011 of $20,795,449.53. His average net worth decreased by 34.01% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Reid's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $3,302,053 and $10,309,999. That averages to $6,806,026, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Reid tied with two other members of the U.S. Senate, ranking 7th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Reid ranked 18th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Harry Reid has voted with the Democratic Party 94.8% of the time, which ranked 30th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.
In 1959, Reid married his high school sweetheart, Landra Gould. They have five children, a daughter and four sons.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Harry + Reid + Nevada + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Is Harry Reid fueling Senate's escalating 'arms war'? (+video) - Christian Science Monitor
- 11 takeaways from Sen. Harry Reid's visit to the Sun - Las Vegas Sun
- Today's most popular story: Nevada's Harry Reid says 'CNN is wrong' on health ... - Reno Gazette-Journal
- Nevada's Dean Heller, Harry Reid join female senators in supporting change to ... - Truckee Times
- Harry Reid appears to give Assemblywoman Flores his blessing to be Nevada ... - Reno Gazette Journal (blog)
- Harry Reid helps secure Combat Action Medals for 8 Nevada Air Guardsmen - Reno Gazette Journal (blog)
- Nevada political analysts: 'Nuclear option' on filibusters likely won't hurt ... - Reno Gazette Journal
- Nevada newspaper to Harry Reid: Consider GOP healthcare ideas - United Liberty
- Senators Reid, Heller differ on ?nuclear option? - Ely Daily Times
- Negotiators Reach Compromise on Defense Bill - New York Times
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- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "REID, Harry - Biographical Information," Accessed July 1, 2013
- ↑ Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress, accessed September 5, 2013
- ↑ Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013
- ↑ Politico, "Harry Reid: ‘We should have this debate’", accessed September 9, 2013
- ↑ Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Politico, "Dems: No Obamacare concessions," accessed September 26, 2013
- ↑ The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- ↑ Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- ↑ Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- ↑ Roll Call, "Reid Predicts Obamacare Will Prove Beneficial in 2014 Elections", accessed December 5, 2013
- ↑ Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- ↑ Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- ↑ U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- ↑ USA Today, "IRS knew of Tea Party profiling in 2011, report shows," accessed May 16, 2013
- ↑ Politico, "The IRS wants YOU- to share everything," accessed May 16, 2013
- ↑ Washington Post, "IRS officials in Washington were involved in targeting of conservative groups," accessed May 16, 2013
- ↑ CNN, "'Angry' Obama announces IRS leader's ouster after conservatives targeted," accessed May 16, 2013
- ↑ The New York Times, "Treasury Knew of I.R.S. Inquiry in 2012, Official Says," accessed May 17, 2013
- ↑ Politico, "Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch expand IRS probe," May 20,2013
- ↑ The Washington Post, "Lois Lerner invokes Fifth Amendment in House hearing on IRS targeting," May 22, 2013
- ↑ CBS, "IRS official Lois Lerner placed on leave," May 23, 2013
- ↑ Washington Post "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
- ↑ Washington Post "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
- ↑ Politico, "Harry Reid: Ted Cruz ‘16 would be end of GOP", accessed October 31, 2013
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Washington Post, "Reid, Democrats trigger 'nuclear' option; eliminate most filibusters on nominees," November 21, 2013
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004"
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998"
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992"
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986"
- ↑ Open Secrets "Donor history for Harry Reid" Accessed April 25, 2013
- ↑ Open Secrets "Harry Reid 2010 Election Data," Accessed October 28, 2011
- ↑ OpenCongress, "Harry Reid," Accessed August 8, 2013
- ↑ Gov Track "Harry Reid," Accessed July 1, 2013
- ↑ GovTrack, "Reid," Accessed April 11, 2013
- ↑ LegiStorm "Harry Reid"
- ↑ OpenSecrets.org "Harry Reid (D-Nev), 2011," accessed February 13, 2013
- ↑ OpenSecrets.org, "Reid, (D-Nev), 2010"
- ↑ National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 5, 2013
- ↑ National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
- ↑ OpenCongress "Voting With Party"
- ↑ United States Senator for Nevada, Harry Reid "Biography"
|United States Senate - Nevada
| Succeeded by|
James David Santini
|United States House of Representatives - District 1
| Succeeded by|
|Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission
| Succeeded by|
|Nevada Lieutenant Governor
| Succeeded by|
| Succeeded by|