Help:Disambiguation

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Disambiguation is a type of page that is created when a term, name or phrase is associated with more than one topic. Disambiguation pages help readers and contributors sort out which article they meant to go to or work on, of the variety of different articles with similar names that exist.

Creating a disambiguation page

When to create

You should create a disambiguation page if:

  • You find that two or more Ballotpedia profiles exist for people with the same first and last name.
  • You are starting a new page, search for the name on Ballotpedia and encounter that a page with that name currently exists but it’s for a different person.

You can see all current disambiguation pages by checking the Category:All disambiguation pages.

How to create

Creating a disambiguation page is very simple. A disambiguation page should be named similar to any other article, and not contained in any specialized namespace, such as Help: or Category: pages. The steps to creating a disambiguation page are as follows:

  1. Create or Move page:
    1. If no page by the name you plan to create a disambiguation for exists, create that page from scratch titled FIRSTNAME LASTNAME. For example: John Smith.
    2. In some cases, a page by this name will already exist. If that is the case:
      1. If you are a Ballotpedia employee and the page is unrelated to your project, contact the relevant Project Director. Ask them to move their content from that page to a page using the naming formula FIRSTNAME LASTNAME (STATE)
      2. If you are not a Ballotpedia employee, and you do not know the proper contact, you can move the content yourself. Move the existing content to a new page using the naming formula FIRSTNAME LASTNAME (STATE)
  2. Populating the page:
    1. Introduction: At the top of the page, place the following text: FIRSTNAME LASTNAME may refer to:
    2. Page list: Two lines down from the introduction, list all names of people on the wiki that may be referred to by your page name. The list should be bulleted, and the person’s name should appear just as it does in their profile page, with the addition of the person's state, for example: John Smith (Washington). If there happen to be two people with the same name who are also from the same state, please include their position in front of their name, for example: Governor John Smith (Washington) and State Senator John Smith (Washington).
    3. Disambiguation template: Following the list of names, add the {{disambig}} template. This template will populate all necessary categories onto the page, and inform people that they are looking at a disambiguation page.
  3. Creating the talk page:
    1. On the talk page, add the template {{wmo}}

Disambiguation on page

In certain circumstances, you may notice disambiguation at the top of a page, rather than on a separate disambiguation page. This may look something like this (example from Robert L. Brown):


This page is about a former member of the Georgia House of Representatives. You may be looking for Roger Williams (Texas), a member of the U.S. House representing Texas' 25th congressional district, first elected in November 2012.


While such a notice is helpful, a disambiguation page is preferred, as it prevents clutter on the page, and reduces the need to place this notice on every page that may be associated with Roger Williams.

If you would like to place a notice at the top of a page after a disambiguation page has been created, you should use the following formula:


This page is about a former member of the Georgia House of Representatives. For other elected officials with a similar name, please see Roger Williams.


Completed page

The finished page should appear similar to the below:

James Martin


James Martin may refer to:


See also