Hillary Clinton

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Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton official Secretary of State portrait crop.jpg
Former U.S. Secretary of State
In office
January 21, 2009-February 1, 2013
PartyDemocratic
Elections and appointments
NominatedDecember 1, 2008
ConfirmedJanuary 21, 2009
AppointedJanuary 21, 2009
Appointed byBarack Obama
Prior offices
United States Senator
2001-2009
First lady of the United States
1993-2001
First lady of Arkansas
1979-1981, 1983-1992
Education
High schoolMaine South High School
Bachelor'sWellesley College
J.D.Yale Law School
Personal
BirthdayOctober 26, 1947
Place of birthChicago, IL
ReligionMethodist
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (b. October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois) is a former Secretary of State of the United States of America from 2009-2013. She is also a former Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of New York. Clinton served in the Senate from 2001-2009. She was the first former first lady to serve in the U.S. Senate and in a president's cabinet.[1]

Hillary is the wife of President Bill Clinton and served as the first lady during President Clinton's two terms. She also ran in the Democratic presidential primary in 2008 against Barack Obama.[2] She has not announced her intentions for the 2016 presidential election despite being considered a top contender.[3]

Biography

Born in Chicago, Illinois, Clinton attended Maine East High School until being redistricted during her senior year to Maine South High School.[4] She went on to earn a degree from Wellesley College before attaining a J.D. from Yale Law School. She met future husband Bill Clinton at Yale.[2]

As a high schooler, Clinton was an active Republican, even campaigning for Barry Goldwater in 1968. After her first year at Wellesley she changed her views, and she become a Democrat.[5] She stayed politically active throughout her college years, working for Walter Mondale and George McGovern's presidential campaign.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1969: Graduated from Wellesley College
  • 1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
  • 1973-1974: Attorney for the Children's Defense Fund
  • 1974: Member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff during the Watergate Scandal
  • 1974-1977: Director of Legal Aid Clinic and Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1976-1979: Attorney at Rose Law Firm
  • 1978: Member of board of directors of Legal Services Corp.
  • 1979-1980: Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1979-1992: Partner at Rose Law Firm
  • 1979: Chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee
  • 1983: Director Arkansas Education Standards Committee
  • 1992-2001: First lady of the United States
  • 1993: Leader of Task Force on National Healthcare Reform
  • 2001-2009: United States Senator from New York
  • 2003: Author of "Living History"
  • 2007: Presidential candidate for 2008 Democratic primary
  • 2008: Suspended presidential campaign
  • 2009-2013: U.S. Secretary of State

Confirmation vote

Clinton was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 94-2 on January 21, 2009. Jim DeMint and David Vitter voted against her confirmation.[6]

Hillary Rodham Clinton Confirmation vote, January 21, 2009
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 53 0 53
Republican Party Republicans 39 2 41
Independent Independents 0 0 0
Total Votes 92 2 94


Issues

U.S. Secretary of State

Benghazi

On October 15, 2012, Clinton claimed responsibility for the security of the diplomatic mission to Libya that was attacked on September 11, 2012. The attack left four Americans dead, including Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens.[7] A State Department employee, Eric Nordstrom, claimed at a congressional hearing on October 11, that his request for more security to be present in Libya was denied by his superiors prior to the attack.[8] Clinton was also under fire because of the initial classification of the attack by United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice as a spontaneous response to an anti-Muslim video instead of a planned terrorist attack.[7] On December 19, the State Department announced the forced leave of four officials after an independent report was produced suggesting the officials "showed a lack of ownership of Benghazi's security issues."[9] Clinton was summoned before congressional committees on January 23 to testify on her knowledge of the attack. During the heated testimony, Clinton said of the requests for more security, "I didn't see those requests. They didn't come to me."[10]

On August 20, 2013, the State Department announced the reassignment of the four officials placed on leave. Representative Darrell Issa responded by stating, "Instead of accountability, the State Department offered a charade that included false reports of firings and resignations and now ends in a game of musical chairs where no one misses a single day on the State Department payroll."[11] Following the conclusion of a State Department investigation into Benghazi on September 16, Issa was not satisfied with the findings and stated, "We can certainly have Mrs. Clinton back; our view is that we need to get to the facts."[12]

In January 2014, Clinton called the attack her biggest regret. She said, "It was a terrible tragedy losing four Americans -- two diplomats and now it is public so I can say two C.I.A. operatives. You make these choices based on imperfect information. But that doesn't mean that there's not going to be unforeseen consequences, unpredictable twists and turns."[13]

New document

On May 2, 2014, newly released documents from the White House led Issa to accuse the president of withholding the documents about the talking points used by Rice, stating, "It’s disturbing, and perhaps criminal, that these documents were kept from the public. It comes in a week in which the American people have learned that you cannot believe what the White House says…and you cannot believe what the president says."[14] The document, an email from deputy national security advisor Ben Rhodes went to, among others in the administration, White House Press Secretary Jay Carney. The email was meant to prep Rice for a media appearance, urging her "to underscore that these protests are rooted in an Internet video, and not a broader failure of policy," as well as instructing her "to reinforce the President and Administration’s strength and steadiness in dealing with difficult challenges."[15] Carney disputed that the statements originated with the administration, claiming, "The only thing that refers to Benghazi is a cut-and-paste which, much to your disappointment and your boss’ disappointment, turned out to be produced by the CIA."[14]

Republican members of Congress fired back in response to Carney's dismissal of the email. Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) stated, "[T]his White House has gone to extraordinary lengths to mislead, obstruct, and obscure what actually took place…this White House been callously dismissive of our efforts to get answers."[14] Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) also spoke out about Carney, saying, "He has destroyed his own reputation by that statement that clearly was the talking points, which had nothing to do but Benghazi, saying it had nothing to do with Benghazi. That, to me, is an all-time low for a presidential spokesperson."[16]

Gowdy committee

On May 8, 2014, Rep. Trey Gowdy (R-SC) was chosen to lead a special committee investigating the attack in Benghazi and the administration's actions regarding the attack. The committee was made up of seven Republicans and five democrats.[17] When asked if the State Department would comply with the committee's requests, Kerry stated, "We’ll respond because we have absolutely nothing to hide whatsoever and I look forward to complying with whatever responsibilities we have."[18]

The twelve members named to the Gowdy committee were:[19][20]

U.S. Senator

Legislative action

Troubled Asset Relief Program

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 1424 - Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. The bill passed the Senate on October 1, 2008, by a vote of 74-25 The bill authorized the formation of the Troubled Asset Relief Program for the Treasury Secretary to buy troubled assets from financial institutions. Voting was split in both parties.[21]

Secure Fence Act

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 6061 - Secure Fence Act of 2006. The bill passed on September 29, 2006, by a vote of 80-19. The bill authorized the construction of 700 miles of additional fencing along the United States-Mexico border. The Democratic Party split on the vote.[22]

Iraq War

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HJ Res 114 - Use of Military Force Against Iraq. The resolution passed on October 11, 2002, by a vote of 77-23. The resolution authorized the use of the United States military against Iraq. The Democratic Party split on the vote.[23]

No Child Left Behind

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 1 - No Child Left Behind Act. The bill passed on December 18, 2001, by a vote of 87-10. The bill implemented annual testing of students and cut funding to schools that achieved sub-standard test results. The bill was largely supported by both parties.[24]

Patriot Act

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 3162 - USA Patriot Act of 2001. The bill passed on October 25, 2001, by a vote of 98-1. The bill allowed law enforcement more authority in searching homes, tapping phone lines and tracking internet information while searching for suspected terrorists.[25]

First lady of the United States

Task Force on National Health Reform

Clinton was chosen by her husband, President Bill Clinton, to lead the Task Force on National Health Reform following his inauguration in 1993. She worked with, among others, the secretaries of the Health and Human Services, Defense, Treasury, Commerce and Veteran Affairs to shape a universal health care plan for America.[26] In September 1993, President Clinton gave a speech on the health care plan to Congress, which faced immediate criticism from Republicans and the health care industry.[27] The 1,342 page plan was not released until late October, and in the following months, the plan continued to lose support. The health care industry released an ad campaign criticizing the proposal called "Harry and Louise," which focused on the increased bureaucracy and mandates of the bill. The bill underwent many changes during its time in multiple committees, and there was little support left when it went to the Senate floor in July 1994.[28] In September 1994, Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell declared the bill dead. Opponents referred to it and similar proposals as "Hillarycare" for years following its failure. In the mid-term election that followed, Democrats lost control in both the House and the Senate.[29]

On The Issues Vote Match

Hillary Clinton's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Clinton is a Liberal Populist. Clinton received a score of 56 percent on social issues and 16 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Neutral
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Neutral
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30]

Elections

2016 presidential candidacy

Overview

Clinton stepped down as head of the State Department at the start of President Obama's second term as president, stating, "I have absolutely no plans to run. I am out of politics right now."
However, the Ready for Hillary Super PAC was formed in January 2013 to lay the groundwork for Clinton's candidacy. The PAC and Clinton's spokesperson have denied any contact between the two regarding a possible run.[32] According to an August 29, 2013 Washington Post report, the super PAC Priorities USA, a main fundraiser for Barack Obama's re-election campaign, is positioning itself to be the main media and advertising arm for a Clinton campaign in 2016.[33][34] When the U.S. was in its formative years, a secretary of state ascending to the presidency was commonplace, but the last secretary of state to be elected to the nation's highest office was James Buchanan in 1856.[35]

Preparation

Clinton has not been heavily involved in Iowa or New Hampshire since her failed 2008 bid for president, but as a previous secretary of state, she holds extensive foreign affairs experience. Since retiring, she has been an active speaker around the country.[36] Both Hillary and Bill Clinton actively sought support of African Americans during 2013, speaking at Howard University's commencement ceremony, at the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington, at political strategist Bill Lynch's and former Representative William H. Gray III's memorial services and to the Delta Sigma Theta sorority. Their speeches often touched on the issue of voting rights since the Supreme Court's ruling, striking down part of the Voting Rights Act in June 2013.[37]

Clinton announced on July 4, 2014, that all of the speaking fees from events at colleges and universities since she stepped down as secretary of state have been donated to the Clinton Foundation.[38]

"Hard Choices" memoir

On June 10, 2014, Clinton released a new book, titled "Hard Choices." The book focuses on Clinton's four years as Barack Obama's Secretary of State. She began a months-long book tour upon its release including speaking events and television appearances. Some notable events during the book tour were as follows:

  • When discussing the book the day prior to its release, Clinton defended the high speaking fees she collects because when Bill Clinton's presidency she claimed the family "came out of the White House not only dead broke but in debt." Pro-Republican research group American Rising attacked the comments, suggesting they "reveal someone who is extremely out of touch with financial reality facing Americans."[39]
Media mentions
Documentaries
  • Both CNN and NBC cancelled film plans on the life of Clinton in September 2013. CNN planned to film a documentary until the director, Charles Ferguson, dropped out of the project. NBC cancelled a mini-series in early stages of development. Both companies felt pressure from the Republican National Committee who believed the networks were putting their "thumb on the scales" for the 2016 election.[40]
  • The production company Lionsgate announced talks to film a movie which, "portrays Rodham as a young lawyer on the committee involved in President Richard Nixon's impeachment, as well as shows her juggling a diverging career path with her unresolved feelings for future president Bill Clinton." James Ponsoldt was rumored to be named as a potential director.[41]
Print
  • Clinton made the cover of TIME magazine in January 2014 with the title of the article being "Can Anyone Stop Hillary?"[42]

Public statements about possible run

  • October 4, 2013: Clinton hinted at a timeline for announcing a run. "I want to think seriously about it; I probably won’t begin thinking about it until sometime next year. I will think about it because it’s something on a lot of people’s minds. And it’s on my mind as well. But I want us to think more broadly," Clinton said.[43]
  • October 31, 2013: According to sources in attendance at a reception in Scotland earlier in October, Clinton remained noncommittal about a run. When asked by reporters about a possible run, Clinton replied: "I haven’t made up my mind yet." When her answer was sarcastically called unsatisfactory, Clinton added: "Yes, it is unsatisfactory. I'm minded to do it."[44]
  • November 21, 2013: During a speech in Philadelphia, a heckler yelled, "Hillary '16!" Clinton responded by stating, "That’s funny. Well there are some hecklers that I would never say anything bad about."[45]

Comments on possible campaign

  • On August 11, 2014, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) claimed he wasn't comfortable the public's endorsement of Clinton as the next Democratic presidential candidate, explaining, "I’m not quite sure that the political process is one in which we anoint people."[46]
  • On May 22, 2014, Sen. Debbie Stabenow, (D-MI) announced her endorsement of Clinton for the presidency, stating, "We need President Hillary Clinton. That's why I am honored to formally announce my renewed and unreserved support for Clinton as she considers a 2016 presidential bid."[47]
  • President Barack Obama commented on both Clinton and Joe Biden when asked to compare them on December 6, 2013, stating, "both Hillary and Joe would make outstanding presidents, and possess the qualities that are needed to be outstanding presidents."[48]
  • On November 4, 2013, Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus stated the RNC is focusing on Clinton as the Democratic opponent in 2016, saying, "I think that we have to be very aggressive on what she’s done or hasn't done. And the things that she is famous for, like a botched health care rollout in the '90s, and Benghazi, and the things that she is involved with that are or went obviously pretty badly, we need to focus in on."[49]
  • Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel stated, "I'm behind Hillary if she runs. And I think she will. But that's up to her. If she runs, I'm in," on October 30, 2013.[50]
  • Sen. John McCain, (R-AZ) commented on a potential Clinton run for the presidency, stating, "I think she would be viewed by anyone, Republican or Democrat, as a very formidable candidate for 2016," on October 28, 2013.[51]
  • Sen. Claire McCaskill, (D-MO) stated, "Now, as I look at 2016 and think about who is best to lead this country forward, I’m proud to announce that I am Ready for Hillary," in support of the Ready for Hillary Super PAC on June 18, 2013.[52]
  • On November 3, 2013, Sen. Chuck Schumer, (D-NY) said of the Democratic Party's presidential chances, "With a strong platform and with Hillary leading the charge, we will vanquish the Ted Cruz, Tea Party Republicans in 2016 and create a generation of Democrats who will make sure the middle class gets what it needs, our country advances and the torch held by that beautiful lady in New York’s harbor burns more brightly than ever."[53]

Issues

  • On January 12, 2013, a list of Clinton's "enemies" from her 2008 presidential campaign was made public by the publishers of the book, HRC: State Secrets and the Rebirth of Hillary Clinton. Included on the list were then-Senators John Kerry and Ted Kennedy as well as current Sen. Claire McCaskill.[54]

Fundraising

Murdoch donations

Going back to Bill Clinton's terms as president, News Corp., owned by Rupert Murdoch, has given over $3 million to the Clintons' political campaigns. He also held a fundraiser for Hillary during her 2006 campaign for the Senate. When asked if he would vote Clinton if she ran for president, Murdoch said, "It would depend on the Republican candidate. I could live with Hillary as president."[55]

Ready for Hillary

The Ready for Hillary Super PAC has been organizing events across the country to garner support for a possible Clinton campaign. As of November 7, 2013, the team of 30 people has received donations from over 20,000 people. Operations began in January 2013.[56][57] The super PAC raised over $4 million in 2013 and finished the year with $784,640 cash on hand after taking expenditures into account.[58]

Public opinion polls

  • According to an NBC poll released November 12, 2013, pitting Clinton against Chris Christie, 44% of adults supported Clinton while 34% supported Christie.[59]
  • Consulting company YouGov reported December 2, 2013, that for the first time in 2013, more people hold an unfavorable opinion of her than hold a favorable one. The poll claimed 48% do not hold a favorable view, while 46% view her favorably.[60]
  • A poll conducted on December 11, 2013, by Quinnipiac showed New Jersey Governor Chris Christie leading a hypothetical election by 1%. The results showed 42% of Americans supported Christie, while 41% supported Clinton. However, in a matchup between Clinton and Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul, Clinton polled at 48% to Paul's 41%.[61]
  • A McClatchy-Marist poll released December 11, 2013, showed Clinton defeating likely Democratic challenger Joe Biden 65% to 12%.[61]
  • According to a Quinnipiac poll released January 21, 2013, Clinton led Christie with 46% supporting Clinton while 38% supported Christie.[62]
  • In a Washington Post-ABC News poll released on April 29, 2014, Clinton led Republican Jeb Bush in a general election poll with 53% support to Bush's 41%.[63]

2006

On November 7, 2006, Hillary Clinton won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated John Spencer (R), Howie Hawkins (G), Jeffrey T. Russell (L), Roger Calero (Socialist Workers) and William Van Auken (Socialist Equality) in the general election.[64]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton incumbent 64% 3,008,428
     Republican John Spencer 29.6% 1,392,189
     Green Howie Hawkins 1.2% 55,469
     Libertarian Jeffrey T. Russell 0.4% 20,996
     Socialist Workers Roger Calero 0.1% 6,967
     Socialist Equality William Van Auken 0.1% 6,004
     N/A Blank/Scattering 4.5% 210,579
Total Votes 4,700,632

2000

On November 7, 2000, Hillary Clinton won election to the United States Senate. She defeated Rick Lazio (R), Mark J. Dunau (G), Jeffrey E. Graham (Independence), John O. Adefope (Right to Life), John Clifton (L), Louis P. Wein (Constitution) and Jacob J. Perasso (Socialist Workers) in the general election.[65]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton 53.8% 3,747,310
     Republican Rick Lazio 41.9% 2,915,730
     Green Mark J. Dunau 0.6% 40,991
     Independence Jeffrey E. Graham 0.6% 43,181
     Right to Life John O. Adefope 0.3% 21,439
     Libertarian John Clifton 0.1% 4,734
     Constitution Louis P. Wein 0% 3,414
     Socialist Workers Jacob J. Perasso 0% 3,040
     N/A Blank/Scattering 2.6% 179,823
Total Votes 6,959,662

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Clinton is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Clinton raised a total of $83,177,405 during that time period. This information was last updated on September 20, 2013.[66]

Hillary Clinton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2006 U.S. Senate (New York) Won $51,567,732
2000 U.S. Senate (New York) Won $31,609,673
Grand Total Raised $83,177,405

2006

Breakdown of the source of Clinton's campaign funds before the 2006 election.

Clinton won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Clinton's campaign committee raised a total of $51,567,723 and spent $40,828,991.[67]

Cost per vote

Clinton spent $13.57 per vote received in 2006.


Analysis

Department budget

U.S. Department of State[68] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
2012$50.99.94%
2011$46.3-0.43%
2010$46.5-11.6%
2009$52.6N/A
  • Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

2009

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Clinton was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as a Senator.[69]

Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Clinton's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $5,710,008.00 and $26,551,000.00. That averages to $16,130,504.00, which ranked sixth among members of the executive branch. Her average calculated net worth[70] decreased by 48.3% from 2010.[71]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Clinton's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $10,740,011.00 to $51,654,000.00. That averages to $31,197,005.50, which ranked fifth among members of the executive branch.[72]

Personal

Clinton is married to former U.S. President Bill Clinton. They have one daughter, Chelsea.

Recent news

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External links

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References

  1. NPR, "Obama Brings Hillary to Cabinet, GOP to Ariz. State House," December 1, 2008
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Biography.com, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
  3. Politico, "Hillary Clinton all but running," September 20, 2013
  4. Park Ridge Public Library, "Hillary Rodham Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. FactCheck.org, "Hillary Worked for Goldwater?," March 27, 2008
  6. New York Times, "Senate Vote 6 - On the Nomination," January 21, 2009
  7. 7.0 7.1 CNN, "Clinton: I'm responsible for diplomats' security," October 16, 2012
  8. CNN, "U.S. official says superiors worked against effort to boost Benghazi," October 11, 2012
  9. New York Times, "4 Are Out at State Dept. After Scathing Report on Benghazi Attack," December 19, 2012
  10. CNN, "Clinton takes on Benghazi critics, warns of more security threats," January 24, 2012
  11. Huffington Post, "State Department Officials Reassigned After Leave Related To Benghazi Attacks," August 20, 2013
  12. Politico, "Darrell Issa: I can call Hillary Clinton back," September 18, 2013
  13. Political Wire, "Clinton Calls Benghazi Attack Her Biggest Regret," accessed January 28, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Politico, "Benghazi returns to the spotlight," May 1, 2014
  15. Politico, "Charles Krauthammer on Benghazi emails," April 30, 2014
  16. Politico, "John McCain: Jay Carney at an 'all-time low'," May 5, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "Republicans’ Benghazi Panel Appointments Likely Friday," May 8, 2014
  18. Politico, "John Kerry: I’ll comply with House GOP’s Benghazi request," May 6, 2014
  19. The Washington Post, "Democrats appoint 5 members to Benghazi select committee," May 21, 2014
  20. Talking Points Memo, "These 7 Republicans Will Serve On The Benghazi Select Committee," May 9, 2014
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1424 - Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments," accessed September 24, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 6061 - Secure Fence Act of 2006," accessed September 24, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HJ Res 114 - Use of Military Force Against Iraq," accessed September 24, 2013
  24. Project Votes Smart, "HR 1 - No Child Left Behind Act," accessed September 24, 2013
  25. HR 3162 - USA Patriot Act of 2001," accessed September 24, 2013
  26. New York Times, "Hillary Clinton to Head Panel on Healthcare," January 26, 1993
  27. New York Times, "CLINTON'S HEALTH PLAN; A.M.A. Rebels Over Health Plan In Major Challenge to President," September 30, 1993
  28. New York Times, "THE HEALTH CARE DEBATE: What Went Wrong? How the Healthcare Campaign Collapsed -- A special report.; For Healthcare, Times Was A Killer," August 29, 1994
  29. World History Project, "Bill Clinton's Universal Healthcare Initiative fails in Congress," accessed September 20, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Hillary Clinton Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  32. Washington Post, "New pro-Hillary Clinton super PAC attracts donors and worries," accessed August 5, 2013
  33. Washington Post, "Pro-Obama super PAC Priorities USA positions itself to support Hillary Clinton," August 29, 2013
  34. The Center for Public Integrity, "Hillary Clinton: the 'Citizens United' candidate," January 22, 2013
  35. Christian Science Monitor, "Hillary Clinton 2016: How many secretaries of State became presidents?," May 2, 2013
  36. New York Daily News, "Election 2016: A look at possible candidates and who could run in the next presidential race," August 17, 2013
  37. New York Times, "Eye on 2016, Clintons Rebuild Bond With Blacks," November 30, 2013
  38. Politico, "Hillary Clinton: ‘Fees have been donated’," July 4, 2014
  39. CNN, "Hillary Clinton in 2001: We were 'dead broke,'" June 9, 2014
  40. Washington Post, "CNN, NBC scrap plans for Hillary Clinton programs," September 30, 2013
  41. Washington Post, "Another Hillary Clinton film in the works," December 3, 2013
  42. TIME, "Can Anyone Stop Hillary?," January 27, 2014
  43. Politico, "Hillary Clinton: I’ll 'think seriously' next year about running," accessed October 31, 2013
  44. Politico, "Hillary Clinton: I'm 'minded to do it,'" accessed October 31, 2013
  45. Politico, "Hillary applauds heckler at green speech," November 21, 2013
  46. Politico, "Bernie Sanders: Don’t ‘anoint’ Clinton yet," August 11, 2014
  47. Politico, "Debbie Stabenow endorses Hillary Clinton for 2016," May 22, 2014
  48. USA Today, "Obama lauds both 2016 aspirants: Clinton and Biden", December 6, 2013
  49. Politico, "Reince Priebus: RNC homing in on Hillary Clinton for 2016," December 5, 2013
  50. USA Today, "Prominent Democrats join Hillary Clinton bandwagon," October 30, 2013
  51. Politico, "John McCain: Hillary Clinton ‘formidable’ in 2016," October 30, 2013
  52. Politico, "Claire McCaskill endorses Hillary Clinton for 2016," June 18, 2013
  53. Washington Post, "Chuck Schumer endorses Hillary Clinton for president: ‘If you run, you’ll win’," November 3, 2013
  54. The Hill, "Hillary's hit list," January 12, 2013
  55. Politico, "News Corp has given $3m to the Clintons," July 2, 2014
  56. Washington Post, "'Ready for Hillary' campaign off and running, even if candidate isn’t yet," November 7, 2013
  57. Ready for Hillary, "About 'Ready for Hillary'," accessed November 11, 2013
  58. Politico, "Soros, Wal-Mart scion pony up for Clinton," January 31, 2014
  59. USA Today, "Poll: Clinton leads Christie in early look at 2016," November 12, 2013
  60. YouGov, "HILLARY CLINTON’S RATINGS UNDERWATER," December 2, 2013
  61. 61.0 61.1 Politico, "2016 poll: Chris Christie 42%, Hillary Clinton 41%," December 11, 2013
  62. Politico, "2016 poll: Hillary Clinton ahead of Chris Christie," January 21, 2013
  63. Washington Post, "Poll: GOP presidential race wide open; Hillary Clinton leads Jeb Bush in theoretical matchup," April 29, 2013
  64. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  65. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  66. OpenSecrets, "Career Fundraising for Hillary Clinton," September 2013
  67. OpenSecrets, "2006 Election Cycle, Hillary Clinton" accessed September 20, 2013
  68. U.S. Department of State, "Budget and Planning - International Affairs Budget," accessed January 31, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 17, 2013
  70. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  71. OpenSecrets, "Clinton, (D-NY), 2011"
  72. OpenSecrets, "Hillary Clinton, 2010"
Political offices
Preceded by
Condoleeza Rice
U.S. Secretary of State
2009-2013
Succeeded by
John Kerry
Preceded by
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
U.S. Senate - New York
2001-2009
Succeeded by
Kirsten Gillibrand
Preceded by
Barbara Bush
First lady of the United States
1993-2001
Succeeded by
Laura Bush