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Hillary Clinton

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See also: Hillary Clinton presidential campaign, 2016
Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton official Secretary of State portrait crop.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for President of the United States
General electionNovember 8, 2016
Current office
Former U.S. Secretary of State
In office
January 21, 2009-February 1, 2013
Elections and appointments
NominatedDecember 1, 2008
ConfirmedJanuary 21, 2009
AppointedJanuary 21, 2009
Appointed byBarack Obama
Prior offices
United States Senator
First lady of the United States
First lady of Arkansas
1979-1981, 1983-1992
High schoolMaine South High School
Bachelor'sWellesley College
J.D.Yale Law School
Date of birthOctober 26, 1947
Place of birthChicago, IL
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (b. October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois) is a former Secretary of State of the United States of America from 2009-2013. She is also a former Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of New York. Clinton served in the Senate from 2001-2009. She was the first former first lady to serve in the U.S. Senate and in a president's cabinet.[1]

Clinton's campaign manager, John Podesta, announced on April 12, 2015, that she is running for President of the United States in 2016.[2]

Clinton is the wife of former President Bill Clinton and served as the first lady during President Clinton's two terms. She also ran in the Democratic presidential primary in 2008 against Barack Obama.[3]


Born in Chicago, Illinois, Clinton attended Maine East High School until being redistricted during her senior year to Maine South High School.[4] She went on to earn a degree from Wellesley College before attaining a J.D. from Yale Law School. She met future husband Bill Clinton at Yale.[3]

As a high schooler, Clinton was an active Republican, even campaigning for Barry Goldwater in 1968. After her first year at Wellesley, she changed her views and became a Democrat.[5] She stayed politically active throughout her college years, working for Walter Mondale and George McGovern's presidential campaign.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1969: Graduated from Wellesley College
  • 1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
  • 1973-1974: Attorney for the Children's Defense Fund
  • 1974: Member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff during the Watergate Scandal
  • 1974-1977: Director of Legal Aid Clinic and Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1976-1979: Attorney at Rose Law Firm
  • 1978: Member of board of directors of Legal Services Corp.
  • 1979-1980: Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1979-1992: Partner at Rose Law Firm
  • 1979: Chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee
  • 1983: Director of the Arkansas Education Standards Committee
  • 1992-2001: First lady of the United States
  • 1993: Leader of Task Force on National Healthcare Reform
  • 2001-2009: United States Senator from New York
  • 2003: Author of "Living History"
  • 2007: Presidential candidate for 2008 Democratic primary
  • 2008: Suspended presidential campaign
  • 2009-2013: U.S. Secretary of State

Confirmation vote

Clinton was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 94-2 on January 21, 2009. Jim DeMint and David Vitter voted against her confirmation.[6]

Hillary Rodham Clinton confirmation vote, January 21, 2009
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 53 0 53
Republican Party Republicans 39 2 41
Independent Independents 0 0 0
Total Votes 92 2 94



Ferguson, Mo., shooting and riots

See also: Shooting in Ferguson, Missouri

Clinton made her first comments on the shooting and violence in Ferguson, stating, "We don't want to see our streets look like a war zone. Not in America. We are better than that." She also showed support for President Barack Obama sending Attorney General Eric Holder to the area in an effort to quell the violence, saying, "I applaud President Obama for sending the attorney general to Ferguson and demanding a thorough and speedy investigation."[7]

U.S. Secretary of State


On October 15, 2012, Clinton claimed responsibility for the security of the diplomatic mission to Libya that was attacked on September 11, 2012. The attack left four Americans dead, including Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens.[8] A State Department employee, Eric Nordstrom, claimed at a congressional hearing on October 11 that his request for more security to be present in Libya was denied by his superiors prior to the attack.[9] Clinton was also under fire because of the initial classification of the attack by United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice as a spontaneous response to an anti-Muslim video instead of a planned terrorist attack.[8] On December 19, the State Department announced the forced leave of four officials after an independent report was produced suggesting the officials "showed a lack of ownership of Benghazi's security issues."[10] Clinton was summoned before congressional committees on January 23 to testify on her knowledge of the attack. During the heated testimony, Clinton said of the requests for more security, "I didn't see those requests. They didn't come to me."[11]

On August 20, 2013, the State Department announced the reassignment of the four officials placed on leave. Representative Darrell Issa responded by stating, "Instead of accountability, the State Department offered a charade that included false reports of firings and resignations and now ends in a game of musical chairs where no one misses a single day on the State Department payroll."[12] Following the conclusion of a State Department investigation into Benghazi on September 16, Issa was not satisfied with the findings and stated, "We can certainly have Mrs. Clinton back; our view is that we need to get to the facts."[13]

In January 2014, Clinton called the attack her biggest regret. She said, "It was a terrible tragedy losing four Americans -- two diplomats and now it is public so I can say two C.I.A. operatives. You make these choices based on imperfect information. But that doesn't mean that there's not going to be unforeseen consequences, unpredictable twists and turns."[14]

New document

On May 2, 2014, newly released documents from the White House led Issa to accuse the president of withholding the documents about the talking points used by Rice, stating, "It’s disturbing, and perhaps criminal, that these documents were kept from the public. It comes in a week in which the American people have learned that you cannot believe what the White House says…and you cannot believe what the president says."[15] The document, an email from deputy national security advisor Ben Rhodes, went to, among others in the administration, White House Press Secretary Jay Carney. The email was meant to prep Rice for a media appearance, urging her "to underscore that these protests are rooted in an Internet video, and not a broader failure of policy," as well as instructing her "to reinforce the President and Administration’s strength and steadiness in dealing with difficult challenges."[16] Carney disputed that the statements originated with the administration, claiming, "The only thing that refers to Benghazi is a cut-and-paste which, much to your disappointment and your boss’ disappointment, turned out to be produced by the CIA."[15]

Republican members of Congress fired back in response to Carney's dismissal of the email. Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) stated, "[T]his White House has gone to extraordinary lengths to mislead, obstruct, and obscure what actually took place…this White House been callously dismissive of our efforts to get answers."[15] Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) also spoke out about Carney, saying, "He has destroyed his own reputation by that statement that clearly was the talking points, which had nothing to do but Benghazi, saying it had nothing to do with Benghazi. That, to me, is an all-time low for a presidential spokesperson."[17]

Gowdy committee

On May 8, 2014, Rep. Trey Gowdy (R-SC) was chosen to lead a special committee investigating the attack in Benghazi and the administration's actions regarding the attack. The committee was made up of seven Republicans and five democrats.[18] When asked if the State Department would comply with the committee's requests, Kerry stated, "We’ll respond because we have absolutely nothing to hide whatsoever and I look forward to complying with whatever responsibilities we have."[19]

The 12 members named to the Gowdy committee are listed below:[20][21]

U.S. Senator

Legislative action

Troubled Asset Relief Program

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 1424 - Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. The bill passed the Senate on October 1, 2008, by a vote of 74-25. The bill authorized the formation of the Troubled Asset Relief Program for the Treasury Secretary to buy troubled assets from financial institutions. Voting was split in both parties.[22]

Secure Fence Act

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 6061 - Secure Fence Act of 2006. The bill passed on September 29, 2006, by a vote of 80-19. The bill authorized the construction of 700 miles of additional fencing along the United States-Mexico border. The Democratic Party split on the vote.[23]

Iraq War

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HJ Res 114 - Use of Military Force Against Iraq. The resolution passed on October 11, 2002, by a vote of 77-23. The resolution authorized the use of the United States military against Iraq. The Democratic Party split on the vote.[24]

No Child Left Behind

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 1 - No Child Left Behind Act. The bill passed on December 18, 2001, by a vote of 87-10. The bill implemented annual testing of students and cut funding to schools that achieved sub-standard test results. The bill was largely supported by both parties.[25]

Patriot Act

Voted "Yes" Clinton voted in support of HR 3162 - USA Patriot Act of 2001. The bill passed on October 25, 2001, by a vote of 98-1. The bill allowed law enforcement more authority in searching homes, tapping phone lines and tracking internet information while searching for suspected terrorists.[26]

First lady of the United States

Task Force on National Health Reform

Clinton was chosen by her husband, President Bill Clinton, to lead the Task Force on National Health Reform following his inauguration in 1993. She worked with, among others, the secretaries of Health and Human Services, Defense, Treasury, Commerce and Veteran Affairs to shape a universal healthcare plan for America.[27] In September 1993, President Clinton gave a speech on the healthcare plan to Congress, which faced immediate criticism from Republicans and the healthcare industry.[28] The 1,342 page plan was not released until late October, and in the following months, the plan continued to lose support. The healthcare industry released an ad campaign called "Harry and Louise," which criticized the proposal and focused on the increased bureaucracy and mandates of the bill. The bill underwent many changes during its time in multiple committees, and there was little support left when it went to the Senate floor in July 1994.[29] In September 1994, Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell declared the bill dead. Opponents referred to it and similar proposals as "Hillarycare" for years following its failure. In the midterm election that followed, Democrats lost control in both the House and the Senate.[30]

On The Issues Vote Match

Hillary Clinton's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Clinton is a Liberal Populist. Clinton received a score of 59 percent on social issues and 16 percent on economic issues.[31]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[32]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Neutral
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[31] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.




See also: Hillary Clinton presidential campaign, 2016 and Presidential election, 2016
Clinton's campaign chairman, John Podesta, announced on April 12, 2015, that she is running for President of the United States in 2016. Shortly after the email, her campaign released a video entitled "Getting Started," where Clinton confirmed the announcement.[33]

Video released by Clinton's campaign on April 12, 2015.

When the U.S. was in its formative years, a secretary of state ascending to the presidency was commonplace, but the last secretary of state to be elected to the nation's highest office was James Buchanan in 1856.[34] When the U.S. was in its formative years, a secretary of state ascending to the presidency was commonplace, but the last secretary of state to be elected to the nation's highest office was James Buchanan in 1856.[34]



Clinton ran for the Democratic presidential nomination but was defeated by Barack Obama, who went on to win the 2008 presidential race.[35]



On November 7, 2006, Hillary Clinton won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated John Spencer (R), Howie Hawkins (G), Jeffrey T. Russell (L), Roger Calero (Socialist Workers) and William Van Auken (Socialist Equality) in the general election.[36]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton incumbent 64% 3,008,428
     Republican John Spencer 29.6% 1,392,189
     Green Howie Hawkins 1.2% 55,469
     Libertarian Jeffrey T. Russell 0.4% 20,996
     Socialist Workers Roger Calero 0.1% 6,967
     Socialist Equality William Van Auken 0.1% 6,004
     N/A Blank/Scattering 4.5% 210,579
Total Votes 4,700,632



On November 7, 2000, Hillary Clinton won election to the United States Senate. She defeated Rick Lazio (R), Mark J. Dunau (G), Jeffrey E. Graham (Independence), John O. Adefope (Right to Life), John Clifton (L), Louis P. Wein (Constitution) and Jacob J. Perasso (Socialist Workers) in the general election.[37]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton 53.8% 3,747,310
     Republican Rick Lazio 41.9% 2,915,730
     Green Mark J. Dunau 0.6% 40,991
     Independence Jeffrey E. Graham 0.6% 43,181
     Right to Life John O. Adefope 0.3% 21,439
     Libertarian John Clifton 0.1% 4,734
     Constitution Louis P. Wein 0% 3,414
     Socialist Workers Jacob J. Perasso 0% 3,040
     N/A Blank/Scattering 2.6% 179,823
Total Votes 6,959,662

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Clinton is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Clinton raised a total of $83,177,405 during that time period. This information was last updated on September 20, 2013.[38]

Hillary Clinton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2006 U.S. Senate (New York) Won $51,567,732
2000 U.S. Senate (New York) Won $31,609,673
Grand Total Raised $83,177,405


Breakdown of the source of Clinton's campaign funds before the 2006 election.

Clinton won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Clinton's campaign committee raised a total of $51,567,723 and spent $40,828,991.[39]

Cost per vote

Clinton spent $13.57 per vote received in 2006.


Department budget

U.S. Department of State[40] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
  • Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking


Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Clinton was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as a senator.[41]

Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Clinton's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $5,710,008.00 and $26,551,000.00. That averages to $16,130,504.00, which ranked sixth among members of the executive branch. Her average calculated net worth[42] decreased by 48.3 percent from 2010.[43]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Clinton's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $10,740,011.00 and $51,654,000.00. That averages to $31,197,005.50, which ranked fifth among members of the executive branch.[44]


Clinton is married to former U.S. President Bill Clinton. They have one daughter, Chelsea.

Recent news

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. NPR, "Obama Brings Hillary to Cabinet, GOP to Ariz. State House," December 1, 2008
  2. The New York Times, "Hillary Clinton Will Run for President in 2016," accessed April 12, 2015
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Park Ridge Public Library, "Hillary Rodham Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
  5., "Hillary Worked for Goldwater?," March 27, 2008
  6. New York Times, "Senate Vote 6 - On the Nomination," January 21, 2009
  7. The Hill, "Clinton breaks Ferguson silence," August 28, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 CNN, "Clinton: I'm responsible for diplomats' security," October 16, 2012
  9. CNN, "U.S. official says superiors worked against effort to boost Benghazi," October 11, 2012
  10. New York Times, "4 Are Out at State Dept. After Scathing Report on Benghazi Attack," December 19, 2012
  11. CNN, "Clinton takes on Benghazi critics, warns of more security threats," January 24, 2012
  12. Huffington Post, "State Department Officials Reassigned After Leave Related To Benghazi Attacks," August 20, 2013
  13. Politico, "Darrell Issa: I can call Hillary Clinton back," September 18, 2013
  14. Political Wire, "Clinton Calls Benghazi Attack Her Biggest Regret," accessed January 28, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Politico, "Benghazi returns to the spotlight," May 1, 2014
  16. Politico, "Charles Krauthammer on Benghazi emails," April 30, 2014
  17. Politico, "John McCain: Jay Carney at an 'all-time low'," May 5, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "Republicans’ Benghazi Panel Appointments Likely Friday," May 8, 2014
  19. Politico, "John Kerry: I’ll comply with House GOP’s Benghazi request," May 6, 2014
  20. The Washington Post, "Democrats appoint 5 members to Benghazi select committee," May 21, 2014
  21. Talking Points Memo, "These 7 Republicans Will Serve On The Benghazi Select Committee," May 9, 2014
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1424 - Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments," accessed September 24, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 6061 - Secure Fence Act of 2006," accessed September 24, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HJ Res 114 - Use of Military Force Against Iraq," accessed September 24, 2013
  25. Project Votes Smart, "HR 1 - No Child Left Behind Act," accessed September 24, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 3162 - USA Patriot Act of 2001," accessed September 24, 2013
  27. New York Times, "Hillary Clinton to Head Panel on Healthcare," January 26, 1993
  28. New York Times, "CLINTON'S HEALTH PLAN; A.M.A. Rebels Over Health Plan In Major Challenge to President," September 30, 1993
  29. New York Times, "THE HEALTH CARE DEBATE: What Went Wrong? How the Healthcare Campaign Collapsed -- A special report.; For Healthcare, Times Was A Killer," August 29, 1994
  30. World History Project, "Bill Clinton's Universal Healthcare Initiative fails in Congress," accessed September 20, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 On The Issues, "Hillary Clinton Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  32. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  33. Politico, "Hillary Clinton to announce White House run on Sunday," April 10, 2015
  34. Christian Science Monitor, "Hillary Clinton 2016: How many secretaries of State became presidents?," May 2, 2013
  35. The Guardian, "US elections: Barack Obama wins Democratic nomination for president," June 3, 2008
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. OpenSecrets, "Career Fundraising for Hillary Clinton," September 2013
  39. OpenSecrets, "2006 Election Cycle, Hillary Clinton," accessed September 20, 2013
  40. U.S. Department of State, "Budget and Planning - International Affairs Budget," accessed January 31, 2014
  41. GovTrack, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 17, 2013
  42. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  43. OpenSecrets, "Clinton, (D-NY), 2011," accessed September 24, 2013
  44. OpenSecrets, "Hillary Clinton, 2010," accessed September 24, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Condoleeza Rice
U.S. Secretary of State
Succeeded by
John Kerry
Preceded by
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
U.S. Senate - New York
Succeeded by
Kirsten Gillibrand
Preceded by
Barbara Bush
First lady of the United States
Succeeded by
Laura Bush