Howard Coble

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Howard Coble
Howard Coble.jpeg
U.S. House, North Carolina, District 6
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1985-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 29
PartyRepublican
PredecessorCharles Robin Britt (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.88 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1984
Campaign $$3,503,763
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Revenue
1973-1977
United States Assistant Attorney for the Middle District of North Carolina
1969-1973
North Carolina House of Representatives
1969, 1979-1983
Education
Bachelor'sGuilford College
J.D.University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Ph.D.Elon University
OtherAppalachian State University (did not complete degree)
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Coast Guard
Years of service1952-1956, 1977-1978
Service branchUnited States Coast Guard Reserve
Years of service1960-1982
Personal
BirthdayMarch 18, 1931
Place of birthGreensboro, North Carolina
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$2,687,615
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
John Howard Coble (b. March 18, 1931, in Greensboro, NC) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing North Carolina's 6th Congressional District.

Coble was first elected to the House in 1984 for North Carolina's 6th Congressional District and won re-election on November 6, 2012. Coble is currently serving his 15th consecutive term.[1]

Coble announced that he would retire at the end of his term in January 2015, citing health concerns. He said, "But if I’m not physically capable of going full ahead I fear it would probably have a negative impact on the campaign. So I have dismissed that proposal and decided I will not seek re-election."[2]

Prior to serving in the House, Coble served as a member of the U.S. Coast Guard, in the North Carolina House of Representatives and as U.S. Assistant Attorney for the Middle District of North Carolina.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Coble is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Coble was born in Greensboro, North Carolina. He attended Appalachian State University from 1949 to 1950 but earned his A.B. from Guilford College in 1958. He then earned his J.D. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill School of Law, in 1962.[3]

Career

Coble took a break from his undergraduate studies and served in the United States Coast Guard from 1952 to 1956, later returning to serve from 1977 to 1978. In the interim, Coble served in the United States Coast Guard Reserve from 1960 to 1982. He was admitted to the North Carolina State Bar in 1966 and became a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1969. He also served in the House from 1979 to 1983. He served as United States Assistant Attorney for the Middle District of North Carolina from 1969 to 1973 and as Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Revenue from 1973 to 1977. He also worked as an attorney in private practice. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1984.[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Coble serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Coble served on the following committees:[5]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Coble's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Coble voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Coble voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Coble voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[11] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[12] Coble voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Coble voted for HR 2775.[15]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Yea3.png Coble voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[16]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Coble voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Coble voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[19]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Coble voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[20]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[21] Coble joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[22][23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Howard voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Howard Coble's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Coble is a Hard-Core Conservative. Coble received a score of 23 percent on social issues and 75 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Neutral
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Campaign themes

2014

Before announcing that he would not be seeking re-election, Coble's campaign website listed the following issues:[27]

  • Abortion
Excerpt: "I oppose abortion on demand and have consistently voted to eliminate any federal funding for abortion. I also support prohibiting funding for clinics that do not provide abortions but support other clinics that do. In my view, life begins at conception and that issues such as abortion are best regulated by the states."
  • Education
Excerpt: "My view on education has always been to keep it local. If the issue can be solved by the city, county or state then it should be. The last resort should to be to rely on the federal government to tell our N.C. families how to educate their children. Education is such an important and vital issue to our state and country. It makes us not only more successful, but a more competitive country."
  • Energy
Excerpt: "Almost 50% of the crude oil we import is generated from the Western Hemisphere. In fact, our largest trading partners for oil and natural gas are Canada and Mexico. It is my strong belief that similar untapped opportunities exist within our borders, and we should utilize them to their maximum extent."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "I believe that common-sense health care reform must be achieved, but a government takeover of our health care system is not the way. I opposed the health care law and continue to support a full repeal of this costly and fiscally responsible law. At an estimated cost of more than $1.1 trillion in its first 10 years, we cannot afford the price tag given our current economy."
  • Congressional Pay and Pension Plan
Excerpt: "If you are familiar with my record, you will know that I have historically opposed pay increases and excessive benefits for members of Congress. I fight hard to ensure your tax dollars are spent wisely. As a fiscal conservative, I have repeatedly voted against pay raises for members of Congress. Since the 1989 reforms to ethics rules, the congressional pay rise has been automatic unless the House passes legislation prohibiting the increase."

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Howard Coble endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [28]

Elections

2014

See also: North Carolina's 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

Coble announced that he would be retiring at the end of his term. He is not seeking re-election in 2014. He cited health concerns as his reason for retiring, saying he had ongoing back problems and was still recovering from skin cancer.[2]

2012

See also: North Carolina's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012

Coble won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing North Carolina's 6th District. He defeated Billy Yow and William Flynn in the May 8, 2012, Republican primary.[29] He then defeated Tony Foriest (D) in the general election.

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in North Carolina in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[30] North Carolina was rated eighth on the list.[30][31]

U.S. House, North Carolina District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Tony Foriest 39.1% 142,467
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngHoward Coble Incumbent 60.9% 222,116
Total Votes 364,583
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, North Carolina District 6 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngHoward Coble Incumbent 57.3% 50,701
Billy Yow 20.4% 18,057
Bill Flynn 22.3% 19,741
Total Votes 88,499

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Coble attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Coble is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Coble raised a total of $3,503,763 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[45]

Howard Coble's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $531,611
2010 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $503,434
2008 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $569,684
2006 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $457,914
2004 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $419,933
2002 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $454,906
2000 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 6) Won $566,281
Grand Total Raised $3,503,763


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Coble’s reports before he announced that he would not be seeking re-election in 2014.[46]

Howard Coble (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[47]April 15, 2013$78,560.42$4,167.79$(45,047.14)$37,681.07
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2013$37,681.07$37,182.02$(36,746.70)$38,116.39
October Quarterly[49]October 14, 2013$38,116.39$44,133.88$(27,340.13)$54,910.14
Year-End Quarterly[50]December 31, 2013$54,910$4,275$(30,656)$28,528
Running totals
$89,758.69$(139,789.97)

2012

Coble won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Coble's campaign committee raised a total of $531,611 and spent $639,487.[51]

Cost per vote

Coble spent $2.88 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Coble was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a fourteenth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $503,434 and spent $925,991.[52]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Coble's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,711,134 and $3,664,096. That averages to $2,687,615, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Coble ranked as the 120th most wealthy representative in 2012.[53] Between 2004 and 2012, Coble's calculated net worth[54] increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[55]

Howard Coble Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$1,435,783
2012$2,687,615
Growth from 2004 to 2012:87%
Average annual growth:11%[56]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[57]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Coble is a "moderate Republican follower" as of August 2014.[58] This was the same rating Coble received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Coble most often votes with:

Coble least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Coble missed 679 of 18,215 roll call votes from January 1985 to August 2014. This amounts to 3.7 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Coble paid his congressional staff a total of $990,111 in 2011. Overall, North Carolina ranked seventh in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Coble ranked 121st in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Coble ranked 153rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[62]

2011

Coble ranked 166th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Coble voted with the Republican Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 55th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[64]

2013

Coble voted with the Republican Party 94.6 percent of the time, which ranked 97th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Coble is single.[66]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Howard + Coble + North Carolina + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Howard Coble News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
John Coble


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, North Carolina"
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fox8, "Rep. Howard Coble announces retirement, will not seek re-election," November 7, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "COBLE, Howard, (1931 - )"
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Congressman Howard Coble, Proudly Serving the 6th District of North Carolina Since 1985 "Biography"
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  13. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Howard Coble Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed September 13, 2013
  28. Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of North Carolina Elected Officials and Leaders," January 19, 2012
  29. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nc
  30. 30.0 30.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012" accessed April 25, 2012
  31. North Carolina State Board of Elections "2012 Primary Results"
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Howard Coble" accessed May 16, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Howard Coble Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Howard Coble April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Howard Coble July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Howard Coble October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Howard Coble Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  51. Open Secrets, "Howard Coble 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "Howard Coble 2010 Election Data," accessed December 31, 2011
  53. OpenSecrets.org, "Howard Coble (R-NC), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  54. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  55. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  57. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  58. 58.0 58.1 GovTrack, "Howard Coble," accessed August 18, 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Howard Coble," accessed August 18, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Howard Coble," accessed September 25, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 18, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. Congressman Howard Coble, Proudly Serving the 6th District of North Carolina Since 1985 "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
Robin Britt
U.S. House of Representatives - North Carolina District 6
1985–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
North Carolina House of Representatives
1979-1983
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Revenue
1973-1977
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
United States Assistant Attorney for the Middle District of North Carolina
1969-1973
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
North Carolina House of Representatives
1969
Succeeded by
'