Buck McKeon

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Buck McKeon
Howard McKeon.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 25
Incumbent
In office
1993-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 21
PartyRepublican
PredecessorEdward R. Roybal (D)
Leadership
California Republican Central Committee
1988-1992
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$13.65 in 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1992
Campaign $$8,070,934
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor, City of Santa Clarita
1987-1988
Chairman and Trustee of William S. Hart Union High School District Board
1978-1987
Education
Bachelor'sBrigham Young University
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 9, 1938
Place of birthLos Angeles, California
ProfessionSmall Businessman, Banker
Net worth$111,502
ReligionChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Howard Philip "Buck" McKeon (b. September 9, 1938, in Los Angeles, CA) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing California's 25th Congressional District. McKeon was first elected to the House in 1992.

McKeon most recently won re-election[1] in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 25th District. He defeated Lee Rogers (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2]

McKeon will not seek re-election in 2014. He is retiring at the end of his current term.[3] McKeon cited partisan gridlock as a factor in his decision to retire. He said, "What you have is a real problem in trying to get things together, in trying to get things to happen." However, the primary reason for his retirement is that House term limits would have prevented him from staying on as Chairman of the Armed Services Committee. He stated, "I don’t want to be around here second guessing a chairman. I just don’t want to do that. And I don’t want people making comparisons."[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, McKeon is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

McKeon was born in Los Angeles, California. He earned his B.S. from Brigham Young University in 1985.[5]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of McKeon's academic, professional and political career:[5]

McKeon also worked as a business owner and as a bank executive.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

McKeon serves on the following committees:[6]

2011-2012

McKeon served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to McKeon's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png McKeon voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png McKeon voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png McKeon voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] McKeon voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. McKeon voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] McKeon voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. McKeon voted for HR 2775.[23]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png McKeon voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[24]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png McKeon voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[25] The vote largely followed party lines.[26]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png McKeon voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[27]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png McKeon voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[28]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[29] McKeon joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[30][31]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png McKeon voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[32]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Buck McKeon's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, McKeon is a Hard-Core Conservative. McKeon received a score of 23 percent on social issues and 85 percent on economic issues.[33]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[34]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Neutral Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Neutral Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[33]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Buck McKeon endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [35]

Campaign themes

2012

McKeon's campaign website listed the following issues:[36]

  • Bringing jobs to our district
Excerpt: "Getting Americans back to work needs to be a top priority in Washington. California has been one of the hardest hit states during this Great Recession. California’s unemployment rate continues to be well over 11 percent, and nationally unemployment has been at or above 8 percent for 38 consecutive months- the longest such stretch of unemployment since the Great Depression. I am fighting to get the people of California`s 25th District back to work."
  • Restoring a strong American economy
Excerpt: " The American people deserve a fair, simple and competitive tax code, and the American taxpayer deserves transparency and accountability in how their hard-earned tax dollars are spent."
  • Educating our future generation of leaders
Excerpt: " The education of our children is one of the most important investments we can make to ensure a bright future for our country. As the global marketplace becomes more competitive, it is imperative that we lay the foundation for a more skilled and educated workforce. This requires that we ensure our children receive the best education that is available to them."
  • Ensuring a strong national defense
Excerpt: "In Congress I am currently the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, where I lead the charge to protect our country’s national security and provide for our troops. I believe a robust national defense is key to the long term success of our country. I wholeheartedly believe in President Reagan’s philosophy of “Peace through Strength.”"
  • Implementing an all-of-the-above energy investment
Excerpt: "With gas and energy prices continuing to rise, it is imperative we must address our nation’s failing energy policies. Americans need affordable, clean, safe, and abundant energy supplies, and our national security depends on alleviating our dependence on foreign oil. More than ever, we must be focused on increasing our energy independence."

Controversies

Wife salary from campaign

McKeon currently pays his wife, Patricia McKeon, a $78,000/year salary from his campaign committee. As a congressman he is prohibited from personally profiting from his campaign contributions. However there is no such prohibition against a spouse receiving such payments. Congressman McKeon states that "Patricia gets paid by the campaign as a senior staff member for handling multiple critical elements."[37] Since 2007 she has received over $264,000, including a bonus of $4,600 in January of 2007. The payments made from the campaign to Patricia McKeon over this time period were the highest among congressional representatives who paid family members.[38]

Countrywide VIP Loan

Mckeon was named in a January 2012 Wall Street Journal article as having potentially received favorable terms on a 1999 home loan from Countrywide because of his position in congress.[39] Under congressional rules this could be determined to be a gift and therefore illegal. His campaign committee accepted donations from Countrywide PAC, the political action committee of Countrywide, totaling $3,500 and an additional $13,500 from 21st Century PAC, which is controlled by the McKeons.[40][41] [42][43]

In a response to news inquiries about his knowledge of the loan discounts McKeon stated, "If I had known we had got a good deal then I would have gotten all my loans from Countrywide."[39]

Elections

2014

SimmeringRace.jpg
See also: California's 25th Congressional District elections, 2014

McKeon is not seeking re-election in 2014. He is retiring at the end of his current term.[3]

2012

See also: California's 25th Congressional District elections, 2012

McKeon won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 25th District.[1] He and Lee Rogers (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Dante Acosta (R) and Cathie Wright (R). McKeon went on to defeat Rogers in the general election on November 6, 2012.[44][45]

U.S. House, California District 25 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBuck McKeon Incumbent 54.8% 129,593
     Democratic Lee Rogers 45.2% 106,982
Total Votes 236,575
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 25 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBuck McKeon (R) Incumbent 50.5% 39,997
Green check mark transparent.pngLee Rogers (D) 29.7% 23,542
Dante Acosta (R) 13.1% 10,387
Cathie Wright (R) 6.6% 5,215
Total Votes 79,141

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for McKeon is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, McKeon raised a total of $8,070,934 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[56]

Buck McKeon's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 25) Won $1,980,079
2010 US House (California, District 25) Won $1,254,590
2008 US House (California, District 25) Won $1,051,219
2006 US House (California, District 25) Won $1,253,498
2004 US House (California, District 25) Won $961,848
2002 US House (California, District 25) Won $866,346
2000 US House (California, District 25) Won $703,354
Grand Total Raised $8,070,934

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are McKeon's reports.[57]

Buck McKeon (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[58]April 11, 2013$516,625.28$69,141.98$(64,852.22)$520,915.04
July Quarterly[59]July 13, 2013$520,915.04$139,659.78$(139,531.89)$521,042.93
October Quarterly[60]October 3, 2013$521,042.93$208,663.64$(105,956.68)$623,749.89
Running totals
$417,465.4$(310,340.79)

Defense contractors

According to a July 2013 Politico report, McKeon made the top 10 list of Hill members receiving defense industry contributions. As of July 2013, McKeon had received more than $47,000 from top defense firms.[61]

2012

McKeon won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, McKeon's campaign committee raised a total of $1,980,079 and spent $1,769,400.[62] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[63]

Cost per vote

McKeon spent $13.65 per vote received in 2012.


2010

McKeon won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, McKeon's campaign committee raised a total of $1,254,590 and spent $1,334,144.[64]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, McKeon's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $52,005 and $171,000. That averages to $111,502, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. McKeon ranked as the 378th most wealthy representative in 2012.[65] Between 2004 and 2012, McKeon's calculated net worth[66] decreased by an average of 7 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[67]

Buck McKeon Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$271,667
2012$111,502
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-59%
Average annual growth:-7%[68]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[69]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, McKeon is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. This was the same rating McKeon received in June 2013.[70]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[71]

McKeon most often votes with:

McKeon least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, McKeon missed 365 of 14,503 roll call votes from January 1993 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.5%, which equivalent to the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[72]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McKeon paid his congressional staff a total of $986,789 in 2011. He ranked 62nd on the list of the highest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 191st overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[73]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

McKeon ranked 195th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[74]

2012

McKeon ranked 97th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[75]

2011

McKeon ranked 139th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[76]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

McKeon voted with the Republican Party 92.1 percent of the time, which ranked 182nd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[77]

2013

McKeon voted with the Republican Party 95.7 percent of the time, which ranked 161st among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[78]

Personal

McKeon and his wife, Patricia, have six children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Buck + McKeon + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Buck McKeon News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Howard McKeon


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN, "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed December 1, 2012
  2. the-signal.com, "UPDATE: Doctor says he's running for Congress," August 8, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 USA Today, "House Armed Services Chairman Buck McKeon to retire," January 16, 2014
  4. Politico, "Buck McKeon cites gridlock in retiring," January 16, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Howard P. (Buck) McKeon," accessed November 6, 2011
  6. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  7. U.S. Congressman Buck McKeon, 25th District of California, "Committees," accessed August 1, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  32. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  33. 33.0 33.1 On The Issues, "Buck McKeon Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  34. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  35. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 23, 2011
  36. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  37. Roll Call, "House Spouses Make Good Money From Campaigns," July 26, 2011
  38. USA Today, "Lawmakers used campaign funds to pay relatives," June 17, 2007
  39. 39.0 39.1 The Wall Street Journal, "Lawmakers Tied to VIP Loan Program," January 14, 2012
  40. Federal Election Commission, "FEC Disclosure Search - Countrywide PAC," January 14, 2012
  41. Federal Election Commission, "FEC Disclosure Search - 21st Century PAC," January 14, 2012
  42. Federal Election Commission, "FEC Disclosure Search - 21st Century PAC," January 14, 2012
  43. 21st Century PAC, "21st Century PAC - Congressman Buck McKeon," January 14, 2012
  44. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  45. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  55. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Buck McKeon," accessed March 22, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Buck McKeon Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Buck McKeon April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Buck McKeon July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Buck McKeon October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  61. Politico, "Top 10 Hill recipients of defense contributions," accessed July 11, 2013
  62. Open Secrets, "Buck McKeon 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  63. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  64. Open Secrets, "Howard McKeon 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 6, 2011
  65. OpenSecrets, "Buck Mckeon (R-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  66. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  67. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  68. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  69. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  70. GovTrack, "Buck McKeon," accessed July 21, 2014
  71. OpenCongress, "Buck McKeon," accessed July 18, 2014
  72. GovTrack, "Buck McKeon," accessed July 21, 2014
  73. LegiStorm, "Buck McKeon," accessed August 21, 2012
  74. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  75. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  76. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  77. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward R. Roybal
U.S. House of Representatives - California
1993-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Mayor of Santa Clarita, California
1987-1988
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Chairman and Trustee of William S. Hart Union High School District Board
1978-1987
Succeeded by
'