Cities in Idaho

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This page contains a list of cities in Idaho, and other information about local governments.

Idaho does not allow municipal charter adoption for cities. It does for counties, but none have currently switched to this form of government. There are 44 total counties in Idaho. All 44 of those counties are subject to General law.[1]

There are 200 total municipalities in Idaho. Of those 200, 199 of them are General law municipalities while 1 is a Charter city, retaining a historic territorial charter.[1]

Types of local government

Local government in Idaho consists of:

  • Cities: Article XII of the Idaho Constitution commands the state to pass laws concerning the incorporation of municipalities. Title 50 Ch. 1 of the Idaho State Statutes establishes the process and qualification for the incorporation of cities and towns. Any contiguous community with a population of 125 or more can file a petition for incorporation. State law does not establish the possibility of city charters. Bellevue City still has a charter that was granted to it by the Territorial Legislature.[2]
  • Counties: Title 31, Ch. 1 of the Idaho State Statutes establishes the number, name, boundaries of all counties. Title 31 as a whole dictates to a large degree the form of government of the counties in the state. In 1944, the Idaho Constitution was amended to allow for alternate forms of County government as delineated in Title 31 Ch. 50-57. Title 31 Ch. 58 establishes the charter form of government. As of now, no counties have applied this chapter to adopt a charter.[3]
Idaho State Statutes, Title 31

There are 44 counties and 200 cities in Idaho. All 44 counties are general law counties and 199 cities are general law cities. One city, Bellevue, has retained a charter granted to it by the Territorial Legislature before the Idaho Constitution was adopted.

  • In addition, there are 799 special districts and 118 independent school districts.[4]

Initiative process availability

See also: Laws governing local ballot measures in Idaho

The initiative and referendum process is mandated for all general law cities and counties and guidelines for the process are established by state law to a large degree of specificity. Idaho State Statutes Title 34 Ch. 18 lays out laws regarding Initiative and Referendum elections.[5]

As of now, these statutes apply to all counties as all are general law counties.[6]

Of the 200 cities, 199 of them are general law and thus fall under this mandate.[6] Bellevue, the one charter city, has initiative and referendum in its charter and the rules and procedures are very similar to the state mandated rules and procedures.[7]

10 most populated cities

List of Most Populated Cities in Idaho
City[8] Population City Type Next election
Boise 210,145 General law Special election[9]
Nampa 82,755 General law Special election[10]
Meridian 76,750 General law N/A[11]
Idaho Falls 57,646 General law N/A[12]
Pocatello 54,810 General law N/A[13]
Caldwell 46,905 General law Special election[14]
Coeur d'Alene 44,962 General law N/A[15]
Twin Falls 44,564 General law Special election[16]
Lewiston 32,119 General law N/A[17]
Post Falls 28,104 General law Special election[18]

Full list of cities

See also: List of Idaho cities
A guide to local ballot initiatives
Local Ballot Initiatives cover.jpg

As of the 2010 Census, there were 200 incorporated cities and towns in Idaho. A full list of cities in Idaho is available here.

See also