Cities in Idaho
Idaho does not allow municipal charter adoption for cities. It does for counties, but none have currently switched to this form of government. There are 44 total counties in Idaho. All 44 of those counties are subject to General law.
Types of local government
Local government in Idaho consists of:
- Cities: Article XII of the Idaho Constitution commands the state to pass laws concerning the incorporation of municipalities. Title 50 Ch. 1 of the Idaho State Statutes establishes the process and qualification for the incorporation of cities and towns. Any contiguous community with a population of 125 or more can file a petition for incorporation. State law does not establish the possibility of city charters. Bellevue City still has a charter that was granted to it by the Territorial Legislature.
- Counties: Title 31, Ch. 1 of the Idaho State Statutes establishes the number, name, boundaries of all counties. Title 31 as a whole dictates to a large degree the form of government of the counties in the state. In 1944, the Idaho Constitution was amended to allow for alternate forms of County government as delineated in Title 31 Ch. 50-57. Title 31 Ch. 58 establishes the charter form of government. As of now, no counties have applied this chapter to adopt a charter.
There are 44 counties and 200 cities in Idaho. All 44 counties are general law counties and 199 cities are general law cities. One city, Bellevue, has retained a charter granted to it by the Territorial Legislature before the Idaho Constitution was adopted.
- In addition, there are 799 special districts and 118 independent school districts.
Initiative process availability
The initiative and referendum process is mandated for all general law cities and counties and guidelines for the process are established by state law to a large degree of specificity. Idaho State Statutes Title 34 Ch. 18 lays out laws regarding Initiative and Referendum elections.
As of now, these statutes apply to all counties as all are general law counties.
Of the 200 cities, 199 of them are general law and thus fall under this mandate. Bellevue, the one charter city, has initiative and referendum in its charter and the rules and procedures are very similar to the state mandated rules and procedures.
10 most populated cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in Idaho|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
|Boise||210,145||General law||Special election|
|Nampa||82,755||General law||Special election|
|Idaho Falls||57,646||General law||N/A|
|Caldwell||46,905||General law||Special election|
|Coeur d'Alene||44,962||General law||N/A|
|Twin Falls||44,564||General law||Special election|
|Post Falls||28,104||General law||Special election|
Full list of cities
- See also: List of Idaho cities
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
- Local Government Types and Numbers Research Spreadsheet
- Idaho State Statutes Title 50
- Idaho State Statutes Title 31
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Idaho State Statutes Elections:Initiative and Referendum
- Initiative and Referendum Types and Numbers Research Spreadsheet
- Idaho Initiative and Referendum Research Document
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)
- Boise Elections
- Nampa Elections
- Meridian Elections
- Idaho Falls City Clerk
- Pocatello Elections
- Caldwell Elections
- Coeur d'Alene Elections
- Twin Falls Elections
- Lewiston Elections
- Post Falls Elections