Governor of Illinois
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012 FY Budget:||$6,485,800|
|Length of term:||Four years|
|Authority:||Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8|
|Assumed office:||January 12, 2015|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Illinois Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Comptroller • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Director • Insurance Director • Natural Resources Director • Labor Director • Illinois Commerce Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Partisan balance 1992-2013
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
The 42nd and current governor is Bruce Rauner (R). He was first elected in 2014. Rauner was sworn in January 12, 2015, for a four-year term in office. He succeeded Democratic incumbent Pat Quinn, who lost his bid for re-election in November 2014.
The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
- at least 25 years old,
- a United States citizen,
- a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election.
Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Illinois, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election (Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2).
- See also: Illinois Gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Illinois, 2014|
|Republican||Bruce Rauner/Evelyn Sanguinetti||50.3%||1,823,627|
|Democratic||Pat Quinn/Paul Vallas Incumbent||46.3%||1,681,343|
|Libertarian||Chad Grimm/Alex Cummings||3.4%||121,534|
|Election Results via Illinois State Board of Elections.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Illinois governors do not face term limits. Illinois is one of 14 states that do not have gubernatorial term limits.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 6.
In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the lieutenant governor, the elected attorney general, and then the elected secretary of state. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.
The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him. The governor may resume his office at will. Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason (Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10).
The governor is required to report to the Illinois Legislature on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal ["State of the State" address.]
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
- Under § 12, the governor may grant pardons, reprieves and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper."
- State Chief Information Officer
- Senior Advisor to the Governor
- Office of Management and Budget
Role in state budget
- See also: Illinois state budget and finances
- In September of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year, the governor sends budget instructions to state agencies.
- In October and November, agencies submit their budget requests to the governor.
- Agency hearings are held in November and December.
- Budget hearings with the public are held from February through May.
- On the third Wednesday in February, the governor submits his or her proposed budget to the Illinois State Legislature.
- The State Legislature passes a budget in May.
The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In turn, the legislature must pass a balanced budget, and the budget must be balanced in order for the governor to sign it into law.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Office of the Governor in Fiscal Year 2012 was $6,485,800.
The salaries of elected executives in Illinois are determined by the Illinois State Legislature as mandated in the state constitution. Article V, Section 21 of the Illinois Constitution also notes that executives cannot receive additional compensation beyond their salaries nor can their salaries be changed during current terms:
| Text of Section 21:
Officers of the Executive Branch shall be paid salaries established by law and shall receive no other compensation for their services. Changes in the salaries of these officers elected or appointed for stated terms shall not take effect during the stated terms.
In 2010, the governor received a salary of $177,500.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, Illinois had Democratic governors in office for the first 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last 11 years. During the final 11 years of the study, Illinois was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82 percent) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27 percent) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
Illinois was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Illinois state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. For a period of two years (1995 and 1996), Illinois had a Republican trifecta between two periods of divided government (1992-1995 and 1997-2002). Between 2003 and 2013, Illinois has had a Democratic trifecta. For four straight years, Illinois was in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking between 1997 and 2000 under divided government. Illinois slipped into the bottom-10 in the ranking in the year 2012 (41st) under a Democratic trifecta. The state had its most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking between 2006 and 2007, dropping nine spots. Illinois had its biggest leap in the SQLI ranking between 1996 and 1997, rising eight spots in the ranking.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 27.10
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 11.50
- SQLI average with divided government: 11.78
There have been 42 governors since 1818. Of the 42 officeholders, three were Democratic-Republican, 20 were Republican, 17 were Democrat and two changed parties while in office.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1818-Present|
|1||Shadrack Bond||1818 - 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|2||Edward Coles||1822 - 1826||Democratic-Republican|
|3||Ninian Edwards||1826 - 1830||Democratic-Republican|
|4||John Reynolds||1830 - 1834||Democratic|
|5||William Lee Davidson Ewing||1834 - 1834||Democratic|
|6||Joseph Duncan||1834 - 1838||Democratic|
|7||Thomas Carlin||1838 - 1842||Democratic|
|8||Thomas Ford||1842 - 1846||Democratic|
|9||Augustus C. French||1846 - 1853||Democratic|
|10||Joel Aldrich Matteson||1853 - 1857||Democratic|
|11||William Henry Bissell||1857 - 1860||Democratic, Republican|
|12||John Wood||1860 - 1861||Republican|
|13||Richard Yates||1861 - 1865||Republican|
|14*||Richard James Oglesby||1865 - 1869||Republican|
|15||John McAuley Palmer||1869 - 1873||Republican, Democratic|
|14*||Richard James Oglesby||1873 - 1873||Republican|
|16||John Lourie Beveridge||1873 - 1877||Republican|
|17||Shelby Moore Cullom||1877 - 1883||Republican|
|18||John Marshall Hamilton||1883 - 1885||Republican|
|14*||Richard James Oglesby||1885 - 1889||Republican|
|19||Joseph Wilson Fifer||1889 - 1893||Republican|
|20||John Peter Altgeld||1893 - 1897||Democratic|
|21||John Riley Tanner||1897 - 1901||Republican|
|22||Richard Yates||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|23||Charles Samuel Deneen||1905 - 1913||Republican|
|24||Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne||1913 - 1917||Democratic|
|25||Frank Orren Lowden||1917 - 1921||Republican|
|26||Lennington Small||1921 - 1929||Republican|
|27||Louis Lincoln Emmerson||1929 - 1933||Republican|
|28||Henry Horner||1933 - 1940||Democratic|
|29||John Henry Stelle||1940 - 1941||Democratic|
|30||Dwight Herbert Green||1941 - 1949||Republican|
|31||Adlai Ewing Stevenson||1949 - 1953||Democratic|
|32||William Grant Stratton||1953 - 1961||Republican|
|33||Otto Kerner||1961 - 1968||Democratic|
|34||Samuel H. Shapiro||1968 - 1969||Democratic|
|35||Richard Buell Ogilvie||1969 - 1973||Republican|
|36||Daniel Walker||1973 - 1977||Democratic|
|37||James Robert Thompson||1977 - 1991||Republican|
|38||Jim Edgar||1991 - 1999||Republican|
|39||George H. Ryan||1999 - 2003||Republican|
|40||Rod Blagojevich||2003 - 2009||Democratic|
|41||Pat Quinn||2009 - 2015||Democratic|
|42||Bruce Rauner||2015 - present||Republican|
*Note: Oglesby was the 14th governor all three occasions.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Governor Illinois."
- Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Office of the Governor
James R. Thompson Center
100 W. Randolph, 16-100
Chicago, IL 60601
- Illinois Executive Mansion
- Illinois Office of the Governor
- Burial places of Illinois Governors
- Article V (Executive) of the Illinois Constitution of 1970
- The Chicago Tribune, "Rauner takes oath as governor Monday, to great Republican fanfare," January 12, 2015
- Office of the Governor of Illinois, "About Our Office," accessed October 6, 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," accessed April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- ‘’’Operating Budget Book’’’“Illinois State Budget Fiscal Year 2013,” 5.27," accessed June20, 2013
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
Cite error: Invalid
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Illinois" Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of Illinois
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Auditor General | Superintendent of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor | Chairman of Commerce Commission |