Illinois State Senate District 31
|Illinois State Senate District 31|
|Current incumbent||Melinda Bush|
|Ethnicity||7.4% Black, 15.5% Hispanic|
|Voting age||71.8% age 18 and over|
|Next election||November 8, 2016|
As of the 2010 census, a total of 237,963 civilians reside within Illinois' thirty-first state senate district. Illinois state senators represent an average of 217,468 residents. After the 2000 Census, each member represented 210,496 residents.
About the chamber
Under the Illinois Constitution of 1970, Senators are divided into three groups, each group having a two-year term at a different part of the decade between censuses, with the rest of the decade being taken up by two four-year terms. Depending on the election year, roughly ⅓, ⅔, or all of the senate seats may have terms ending. Illinois legislators assume office the second Wednesday in January.
Article IV of the Illinois Constitution states: To be eligible to serve as a member of the General Assembly, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 21 years old, and for the two years preceding his election or appointment a resident of the district which he is to represent.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Illinois House of Representatives are paid $67,836/year. Additionally, legislators receive $111/day per diem.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the Illinois State Senate, the Illinois Constitution mandates that the seat must be filled by appointment when allowed by law. The appointment must be made within 30 days after the vacancy. If a vacancy by a member of the Illinois Senate has more than twenty-eight months remaining in the term, the appointment is interim until the next general election and in this case, a special election must be held to fill the balance of the unserved term. All other Senate vacancies and vacancies in the House of Representatives should be made by appointment with the person appointed being a member of the same political party that last held the seat.
The vacancy must be filled by the respective party organizations covering the legislative district. This must be voted on by the respective committeemen and committeewomen representing the legislative district.
- See also: Illinois State Senate elections, 2012
Elections for the office of Illinois State Senate consisted of a primary election on March 20, 2012, and a general election on November 6, 2012. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was December 5, 2011. Melinda Bush (D) defeated Joe Neal (R) in the general election and was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Neal defeated Michael White, Linwood Jarratt and Lawrence Leafblad in the Republican primary.
|Illinois State Senate, District 31, General Election, 2012|
|Illinois State Senate, District 31 Republican Primary, 2012|
|Linwood "Lennie" Jarratt||19.5%||3,119|
- ↑ publicmapping.org, "Illinois 2010 Census Statistics," accessed October 9, 2013
- ↑ Article IV of the Illinois Constitution (Section 2a describes term length for senators)
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- ↑ Illinois General Assembly "Illinois Constitution"(Referenced Section Article IV, Section 2(d))
- ↑ Illinois General Assembly "Illinois Election Code"(Referenced Statute 10 ILCS 5/25 6 (a), (c))
- ↑ Illinois General Assembly "Illinois Election Code"(Referenced Statute 10 ILCS 5/25 6 (d))
- ↑ "Illinois State Board of Elections - Official Primary Election Results," accessed October 9, 2013
- ↑ "Illinois State Board of Elections - Official General Election Results," accessed October 9, 2013