Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2014

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See also: State legislature elections and Impact of term limits on state legislative elections
2012
Term Limits
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Impact of Term Limits by Year
2010201120122014
State senates
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NebraskaNevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State houses
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State legislatures with term limits
Term limits on the ballot

Elections of state senators in 14 states with state legislative term limits take place on November 4, 2014. The 14 states where state legislative elections are impacted by term limits is one-third of the 42 states where state legislative elections of upper house members are taking place in 2014.

There are 15 states with state legislative term limits, but Louisiana will not hold a state senate election in 2014.

In 2014, 63 current state senators are ineligible to run for re-election because of term limits.

This includes:

  • 22 incumbent Democrats
  • 24 incumbent Republicans
  • 17 incumbent Non-Partisans

These 63 represent 19% of the 331 total senate seats up for election in the 14 states with term limits that are holding elections in 2014.

See also: Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2014

Differential Impact on Parties

Going into the 2014 elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party in four of the 14 state senates with term limits. The Republican Party is the majority in 9 of the 14 state senates with term limits. Nebraska's state senate is term-limited and officially Nonpartisan.

  • In four states, more Democrats are term-limited out than Republicans. In California, the majority party is Democratic. In Arkansas, Florida and Montana, the majority party is Republican.
  • In seven states, more Republicans are term-limited out than Democrats. In Michigan, Missouri, Oklahoma and South Dakota, the majority party is Republican. In Colorado, Maine and Nevada, the majority party is Democratic.
  • In one state, Ohio, equal numbers of Republicans and Democrats are term-limited in November 2014. Heading into the election, the majority party in Ohio is Republican.
  • There are no Arizona senators affected by term-limits in 2014.

Senate with Elections

Note: The figures in Column 5 ("Seats impacted by term limits") only reflects current members of state senates who are unable to run for re-election to their state's senate in 2014 because of term limits. In some cases, state senators who would have been unable to run for re-election in November resigned earlier in the year. Senators who resigned, and are not current members of their state senates, are not counted in these figures.

Senate with limits Majority party Seats in senate Up for election in 2014 Seats impacted by term limits Party with most losses
Arizona: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 30 30 0 Democratic Party & 0 Republican Party --
Arkansas: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 35 18 1 Democratic Party & 0 Republican Party Democratic Party
California: (Senate), (2014 elections) Democratic Party 40 20 6 Democratic Party & 1 Republican Party Democratic Party
Colorado: (Senate), (2014 elections) Democratic Party 35 17 1 Democratic Party & 3 Republican Party Republican Party
Florida: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 40 20 2 Democratic Party & 1 Republican Party Democratic Party
Maine: (Senate), (2014 elections) Democratic Party 35 35 0 Democratic Party & 1 Republican Party Republican Party
Michigan: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 38 38 3 Democratic Party & 4 Republican Party Republican Party
Missouri: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 34 17 2 Democratic Party & 3 Republican Party Republican Party
Montana: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 50 25 4 Democratic Party & 3 Republican Party Democratic Party
Nebraska: (Senate), (2014 elections) Independent 49 24 Independent 17 NA
Nevada: (Senate), (2014 elections) Democratic Party 21 11 0 Democratic Party & 1 Republican Party Republican Party
Ohio: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 33 17 2 Democratic Party & 2 Republican Party Constitution_Party#Independent_American_Party_of_Nevada
Oklahoma: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 48 24 1 Democratic Party & 3 Republican Party Republican Party
South Dakota: (Senate), (2014 elections) Republican Party 35 35 0 Democratic Party & 2 Republican Party Republican Party
Totals: (4) Democratic Party (9) Republican Party (1) Independent 523 331 22 Democratic Party + 24 Republican Party + 17 Independent = 63 4 Democratic Party, 7 Republican Party, 1 Constitution_Party#Independent_American_Party_of_Nevada

States

Legend:
Democratic Party = Democratic Party is majority partyRepublican Party = Republican Party is majority partyIndependent = Nonpartisan senate chamber



Republican Party Arizona

Arizona
See also: Arizona State Senate elections, 2014

All of Arizona's 30 state senate seats are up for election on November 4. Arizona senators serve two-year terms with a four-term/eight-year limit that was imposed by Proposition 107 in 1992. Arizona's term limits apply to parts of terms and not just full terms. Two state senators in 2012, Linda Gray (R) and Ron Gould (R), were affected by this provision of Arizona's law.

In the 2014 state senate elections, there are no senators who are unable to run for re-election.

In the House, three state representatives are termed-out.

Republican Party Arkansas

Arkansas
See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2014

The Arkansas State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Arkansas voters approved the Arkansas Term Limits Initiative in 1992 as an initiated constitutional amendment.

There are 35 Arkansas State Senators, 18 of whom are up for re-election in November. In 2014, just one current member, Robert Thompson (D), is ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the one state senator who must lave office because of Arkansas's term limits, 23 state representatives are also termed-out.

Democratic Party California

California
See also: California State Senate elections, 2014

The California State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since California voters approved Proposition 140 in 1990. In 2012, California voters approved Proposition 28, which reduced the total number of years a politician can serve in the California State Legislature from 14 years to 12 years. It permits a politician to serve in either or both chambers of the legislature for a maximum of 12 years. The changes did not apply to any legislator who was already in office at the time that the initiative was approved; the rules governing the terms of those who are in the California State Legislature as of June 5, 2012, are calculated under the previous rules.

There are 40 California State Senators. In 2014, seven who are current members, six Democrats and one Republican, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November. Of them, seven are Democratic and two are Republican.

In addition to the seven state senators who must leave office because of California's term limits, 16 state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (6):

Republicans (1):

Democratic Party Colorado

Colorado
See also: Colorado State Senate elections, 2014

The Colorado State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Colorado voters approved Issue 5 in 1990. The affirmative vote by Colorado's electorate in Issue 5 altered Section 3 of Article V on the Colorado Constitution to say that Colorado State Senators could serve no more than two 4-year terms in office.

There are 35 Colorado State Senators. In 2014, four who are current members, one Democrat and three Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the four state senators who must leave office because of term limits, eight state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (1):

Republicans (3):

Republican Party Florida

Florida
See also: Florida State Senate elections, 2014

The Florida State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Florida voters approved Amendment 9 in 1992. Amendment 9 altered Article VI, section 4 of the Florida Constitution to impose a maximum of two 4-year terms on Florida State Senators.

There are 40 Florida State Senators. In 2014, three who are current members, two Democrats and one Republican, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the three state senators who must leave office because of term limits, 16 state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (1):

Democratic Party Maine

Maine
See also: Maine State Senate elections, 2014

The Maine State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Maine voters approved Question 1 in 1993. Under this law, state senators can serve no more than four consecutive 2-year terms. The Maine State Legislature tried, unsuccessfully, in 2007 to get the state's voters to extend the number of years they could consecutively serve in office by putting the Maine Term Limits Extension act on the ballot. Voters overwhelmingly (67-33%) rejected it.

There are 35 Maine State Senators. In 2014, one who is a current member, Roger Sherman (R), is ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the state senator who must leave office because of term limits, 18 state representatives are also termed-out.

Republican Party Michigan

Missouri
See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2014

Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years. The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.

Altogether, there are 34 Michigan State Senators. In 2014, seven of them who are current members, three Democrats and two Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the seven state senators who must leave office because of term limits, 28 state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (3):

Republicans (4):

Republican Party Missouri

Missouri
See also: Missouri State Senate elections, 2014

The Missouri State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Missouri voters approved Amendment 13 in 1992. Amendment 13 created Section 8 of Article III of the Missouri Constitution, limiting state senators to 2 4-year terms. This is a lifetime limit, as is the case in 5 other states with state legislative term limits. Section 8 was later amended by Amendment 3 in 2002 so that it does not apply to partial terms.

Altogether, there are 34 Missouri State Senators. In 2014, five of them who are current members, two Democrats and three Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the five state senators who must leave office because of term limits, eight state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (3):

Republican Party Montana

Montana
See also: Montana State Senate elections, 2014

The Montana State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Montana voters approved CI-64 in 1992. C-64 created Section 8 of Article IV of the Montana Constitution, which says that Montana State Senators cannot serve 8 or more years in any 16-year period as a state senator.

Altogether, there are 50 Montana State Senators. In 2014, seven of them who are current members, four Democrats and three Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the seven state senators who must leave office because of term limits, seven state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (4):

Republicans (3):

Independent Nebraska

Nebraska
See also: Nebraska State Senate elections, 2014

The Nebraska State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Nebraska voters approved Initiative 415 (2000). Under the terms of Initiative 415, Nebraska's senators can serve no more than two consecutive 4-year terms in the state senate.

There are 49 Nebraska State Senators. In 2012, 17 current members are ineligible to run for the senate again in November. Members of the Nebraska Unicameral are nonpartisan.

The senators ineligible to run for re-election are:

Non-Partisan (17):

Democratic Party Nevada

Nevada
See also: Nevada State Senate elections, 2014

Nevada voters approved Question 9A in 1996. Question 9A was a second vote on a term limits amendment first approved in 1994. Alone among the states with ballot initiatives, Nevada voters must approve a proposed constitutional amendment twice before it goes into the Nevada Constitution. The 1994 and 1996 votes cumulatively led to Paragraph 2 of Section 4 of Article 4 of the Nevada Constitution, which says, "No person may be elected or appointed as a Senator who has served in that Office, or at the expiration of his current term if he is so serving will have served, 12 years or more, from any district of this State."

Altogether, there are 21 Nevada State Senators. In 2014, one of them who is a current member, Barbara Cegavske (R), is ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the state senator who must leave office because of term limits, two state representative is also termed-out.

Republican Party Ohio

Ohio
See also: Ohio State Senate elections, 2014

The Ohio State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Ohio voters approved Ballot Issue 4, an initiated constitutional amendment, in 1992. This amendment became part of Section 2 of Article II of the Ohio Constitution and limits the amount of time that an Ohio State Senator can stay in office to two 4-year terms, saying, "No person shall hold the office of State Senator for a period longer than two successive terms of four years." Senators can run for office again after being out-of-office for at least a four-year period.

There are 33 Ohio State Senators. In 2014, four of them who are a Republican current member, two Democrats and two Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the four state senators who are leaving office because of term limits, 18 state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (2):

Republican Party Oklahoma

Oklahoma
See also: Oklahoma State Senate elections, 2014

The Oklahoma State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Oklahoma voters approved State Question 632 in 1990, as an initiated constitutional amendment. This amendment became part of Section 17A of Article V of the Oklahoma Constitution and limits the amount of time that an Oklahoma State Senator can serve to a cumulative total of 12 years in either or both chambers of the Oklahoma State Legislature.

Altogether, there are 48 Oklahoma State Senators. In 2014, four of them who are current members, one Democrat and two Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the four state senators who must leave office because of term limits, seven state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (1):

Republicans (3):

Republican Party South Dakota

South Dakota
See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2014

The South Dakota State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since South Dakota voters approved Ballot Issue A in 1992, an initiated constitutional amendment. This amendment became part of Section 6 of Article III of the South Dakota Constitution and limits the amount of time that a South Dakota State Senator can stay in office to no more than four consecutive 2-year terms.

The South Dakota State Legislature has tried on more than one occasion, each time unsuccessfully, to persuade the state's voters to repeal term limits. The most recent such failed attempt was when Amendment J lost in 2008 by 75-25%.

Altogether, there are 35 South Dakota State Senators. In 2014, two of them who are current members, both Republicans, are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.

In addition to the two state senators who must leave office because of term limits, six state representatives are also termed-out.

The state senators who are term-limited in 2014 are:

Democrats (0):

None

Republicans (2):

See also

References