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The Indiana Constitution contains sixteen articles. Some notable features include:
- Article 3 is the shortest provision of the entire constitution, having one section and consisting of one sentence.
- Article 5, Section 1 states that the Indiana Governor may not serve more than eight years in any twelve-year period.
- Article 7, Section 15 provides that the four-year term limit for elective office set forth in Article 15, Section 2 does not apply to judges and justices.
- Article 15, Section 2 provides for creation by law of offices not defined by the constitution. If someone is appointed, it may be for a term "at the pleasure of the appointing authority," but elected offices may not have a term longer than four years.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The preamble to the current constitution states:
- Article 1 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Bill of Rights" and consists of 38 sections.
- Article 2 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Suffrage and Election" and consists of 14 sections.
- Article 3 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Distribution of Powers" and consists of only one section.
- Article 4 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Legislative" and consists of 30 sections.
- Article 5 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Executive" and consists of 24 sections.
- Article 6 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Administrative" and consists of eleven sections.
- Article 7 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Judicial" and consists of 21 sections.
- Article 8 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Education" and consists of eight sections.
- Article 9 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "State Institutions." It has three sections.
- Article 10 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Finance." It has eight sections.
- Article 11 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Corporations." It has 14 sections.
- Article 12 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Militia." It has six sections, two of which have been repealed.
- Article 13 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Political and Municipal Corporations." It has only one section.
- Article 14 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Boundaries." It has two sections.
- Article 15 of the Indiana Constitution is entitled "Miscellaneous." It has ten sections.
- Article 16 of the Indiana Constitution is labeled "Amendments." It consists of two sections and a schedule and was most recently amended in 1998. Article 16 is about the procedures that must be followed in order to amend this constitution.
Amending the constitution
- Main article: Amending state constitutions
The amendment procedures available under the Indiana Constitution are more restrictive than in those of nearly any other state. Only one method is allowed (the legislatively-referred constitutional amendment), and this procedure in Indiana is itself more restrictive than in most states, since any proposed amendment must be approved by two successive sessions of the Indiana General Assembly before it can go to a vote of the people. Article 16 also does not say anything about how a constitutional convention could be held or called; whereas, the constitutions of more than 40 other states do lay out in their constitutions how that process would work in their state.
- An amendment can be proposed in either chamber of the Indiana General Assembly.
- An amendment must be agreed to by a simple majority of the members elected to each of the two chambers.
- If that happens, the same amendment can be proposed in the next session of the legislature that convenes after a general election has taken place.
- If the amendment is approved by a simple majority vote of both chambers of the general assembly in that second legislative session, the amendment is then to be submitted to a statewide vote of the people at a general election.
- If a majority of those voting on the question approve it, the proposed amendment then becomes part of the Indiana Constitution.
Indiana's first constitution was adopted in 1816. This constitution gave the right to vote only to white male citizens who had lived in Indiana for at least one year and were over the age of 21. It also set up a system for free public education through college and prohibited slavery except for those slaveholders who lived in Indiana prior to the adoption of the new constitution. A copy of the state's first constitution can be found here.
Indiana's citizens voted to amend the first constitution in 1851. The new constitution set up more frequent elections, restricted state debt, established biennial sessions for the Indiana General Assembly and prohibited African-Americans from settling in the state. This constitution has been amended many times since its adoption and stands as Indiana's current constitution.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- Indiana.gov, "Indiana Constitution"
- Indiana.gov, "State Constitutions"
- Indiana.gov, "Original Constitution of 1816"
- Indiana.gov, "Constitution of 1851"
- Indiana Public Media, "Posts tagged Indiana Constitution"
- McLauchlan, William P. (1996). The Indiana State Constitution: A Reference Guide Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
- Indiana.gov, "The 1851 Indiana Constitution" by David G. Vanderstel
- Indiana.gov, "Indiana Bill of Rights" by Randall T. Shepard, Chief Justice, Indiana Supreme Court
- Indiana.gov, "Indiana's Constitutional Past" by Justice Brent E. Dickson, Justice, Indiana Supreme Court
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