James Byrnes

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James Byrnes
James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg
Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Position:   Seat #4
Appointed by:   Franklin D. Roosevelt
Active:   6/25/1941-10/3/1942
Preceded by:   James Clark McReynolds
Succeeded by:   Wiley Rutledge
Personal History
Born:   May 2, 1879
Hometown:   Charleston, SC
Deceased:   April 9, 1972
Law School:   Read law, 1903

James Francis Byrnes (1879-1972) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and joined the court in 1941. Byrnes resigned from the court on October 3, 1942, and served the federal government as the Chairman of the War Mobilization Board. He passed away on April 9, 1972.[1]

Byrnes was one of nine justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. During his short tenure, Byrnes served during The Hughes Court and The Stone Court.[2]


Byrnes received his legal education by reading law.[1]

Professional career

  • 1951-1955: Governor of South Carolina
  • 1947-1950: Attorney in private practice, Washington, D.C.
  • 1945-1947: United States Secretary of State
  • 1943-1945: Chairman, United States War Mobilization Board
  • 1942-1943: United States Director of Economic Stabilization
  • 1931-1941: United States Senator for South Carolina
  • 1925-1931: Attorney in private practice, Spartanburg, South Carolina
  • 1911-1925: United States Representative from South Carolina
  • 1908-1910: Solicitor, 2nd Judicial Circuit of South Carolina
  • 1903-1907: Editor, Aiken Journal and Review, Aiken, South Carolina
  • 1900-1908: Official court reporter, 2nd Circuit Court of South Carolina[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Justice Byrnes was nominated to the Supreme Court of the United States by Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 12, 1941, to a seat vacated by James Clark McReynolds. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 12, 1941, and received his commission on June 25, 1941. Byrnes resigned from the court on October 3, 1942.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Wiley Rutledge.

See also

External links


Political offices
Preceded by:
James Clark McReynolds
Supreme Court
Seat #4
Succeeded by:
Wiley Rutledge