Jim Douglas

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Jim Douglas
JimDouglas.jpg
80th Governor of Vermont
Former officeholder
In office
January 9, 2003 – January 6, 2011
PartyRepublican
PredecessorHoward Dean
Education
Bachelor'sMiddlebury College
Personal
BirthdayJune 21, 1951
Place of birthSpringfield, Massachusetts
James H. "Jim" Douglas (born June 21, 1951 in Springfield, Massachusetts) is a Republican politician from the U.S. state of Vermont, and a former Governor of Vermont. The governor's principal workplace is at The Pavilion, and during the legislative session the governor often works at a ceremonial office at the Vermont State House.

Biography

Douglas was born in Springfield, Massachusetts. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont, where he had been active in the College Republicans. At Middlebury College, Douglas was a Russian Studies major, and still speaks Russian, even using these skills in establishing a sister-city relationship with Karelia, Russia.[1]

Political career

In November 1972, Douglas was elected to the Vermont House of Representatives, where he became the House Majority Leader during his third two-year term at the age of 25. He left the Vermont General Assembly in 1979, afterwards serving as a top aide to Governor Richard A. Snelling. Douglas was elected Secretary of State in November 1980, a post which he held until 1992. That year he sought election to the U.S. Senate, but was defeated by Democratic incumbent Patrick Leahy. In November 1994 he was elected State Treasurer, after receiving the endorsement of both major parties.

Governor of Vermont (2003-2011)

In the 2002 gubernatorial election to succeed five-term Governor Howard Dean, Douglas narrowly defeated Democratic Lieutenant Governor Doug Racine, 45 to 42 percent. Although the Vermont constitution requires that the state legislature select the governor if no candidate receives over 50% of the votes, both Douglas and Racine had agreed to bow out in the case gaining fewer votes than the other and neither candidate gaining the 50% majority. Racine honored his pledge and conceded to after which Douglas was officially selected by the legislature as required by the state constitution.

Douglas won re-election to a second two-year term in 2004, defeating Democrat Peter Clavelle, 59 to 38 percent.

Civil rights bill

On May 22, 2007, Governor Douglas signed a landmark civil rights bill banning discrimination on the basis of gender identity by employers, financial institutions, housing, public accommodations, and other contexts.[2] Douglas had previously vetoed a similar bill in 2006.[3]

Elections

2008

On November 4, 2008, Jim Douglas won re-election to the office of Governor of Vermont. He defeated Gaye Symington (D) and 5 third-party candidates in the general election.

Governor of Vermont, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJim Douglas Incumbent 53.4% 170,492
     Democratic Gaye Symington 21.8% 69,534
     Independent Anthony Pollina 21.9% 69,791
     Cheap Renewable Energy Tony O'Connor 1% 3,106
     Independent Sam Young 0.8% 2,490
     Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 0.5% 1,710
     Independent Cris Ericson 0.5% 1,704
     Write-In Various 0.1% 258
Total Votes 319,085
Election Results Via: Vermont Secretary of State

2006

In early 2005, Douglas announced that he would not run against Democratic-leaning Independent Jim Jeffords in the 2006 Senate race. In April 2005, Jeffords announced that he would not seek re-election, which led to speculation that Douglas would throw his hat into the ring against Vermont independent socialist Congressman Bernie Sanders, who had announced his candidacy for the seat. On April 30, Douglas announced again that he would not seek Jeffords' seat, and simultaneously announced that he would run for re-election for governor in 2006. Many pundits believed that Douglas was the only Republican who could possibly defeat Sanders, and his decision to run for governor effectively handed the open Senate seat to Sanders.

Douglas was re-elected governor on Nov. 7th, 2006 with 57% of the vote.

On November 7, 2006, Jim Douglas won re-election to the office of Governor of Vermont. He defeated Scudder Parker and 4 third-party candidates in the general election.

Governor of Vermont, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJim Douglas Incumbent 56.4% 148,014
     Democratic Scudder Parker 41.2% 108,090
     Independent Cris Ericson 0.9% 2,477
     Vermont Green Jim Hogue 0.7% 1,936
     Vermont Localist Benjamin Clarke 0.5% 1,216
     Liberty Union Bob Skold 0.2% 638
     Write-In Various 0.1% 153
Total Votes 262,524
Election Results Via: Vermont Secretary of State

2004

On November 2, 2004, Jim Douglas won re-election to the office of Governor of Vermont. He defeated Peter Clavelle (D) and 4 third-party candidates in the general election.

Governor of Vermont, 2004
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJim Douglas Incumbent 58.7% 181,540
     Democratic Peter Clavelle 37.9% 117,327
     Independent Patricia Hejny 0.8% 2,431
     Marijuana Cris Ericson 1.4% 4,221
     Libertarian Hardy Machia 0.7% 2,263
     Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 0.4% 1,298
     Write-In Various 0.1% 205
Total Votes 309,285
Election Results Via: Vermont Secretary of State

2002

On November 5, 2002, Jim Douglas won election to the office of Governor of Vermont. He defeated Doug Racine (D) and 8 third-party candidates in the general election.

Governor of Vermont, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJim Douglas 44.9% 103,436
     Democratic Doug Racine 42.4% 97,565
     Independent Cornelius "Con" Hogan 9.7% 22,353
     Progressive Michael J. Badamo 0.6% 1,380
     Restore-Justice Freedom Marilynn "Mom" Christian 0.3% 638
     Liberty Union Pete Diamondstone 0.3% 625
     Make Marijuana Legal Cris Ericson 0.8% 1,737
     Vermont Grassroots Patricia Hejny 0.3% 771
     Independent Brian Pearl 0.2% 569
     Libertarian Joel Williams 0.4% 938
     Write-In Various 0.1% 149
Total Votes 230,161
Election Results Via: Vermont Secretary of State

2000

On November 7, 2000, James H. Douglas won re-election to the office of Vermont Treasurer. He defeated Claude Delucia (Progressive) in the general election.

Vermont Treasurer, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican/Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJames H. Douglas Incumbent 86.1% 234,331
     Progressive Claude Delucia 13.7% 37,153
     Write-In Various 0.3% 694
Total Votes 272,178
Election Results Via: Vermont Secretary of State

External links

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References

  1. http://www.vermont.gov/tools/whatsnew2/index.php?topic=GovPressReleases&id=776&v=Article
  2. Acts and Resolves of the 2007-2008 session of the Vermont General Assembly, Act 41 (S.51). The text of this act is available here.
  3. H.865 from the 2005-2006 legislative session. The text of the bill as passed by the General Assembly is available here.