Jeff Denham

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Jeff Denham
Jeff Denham.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 10
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorGeorge Radanovich (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$24.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$4,013,333
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Senate
2002-2010
Education
Associate'sVictor Valley Junior College
Bachelor'sCalifornia Polytechnic State University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Air Force
Years of service1984-1988
Personal
BirthdayJuly 29, 1967
Place of birthHawthorne, California
ProfessionBusinessman
Net worth$15,705,002
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Jeffrey John "Jeff" Denham (b. July 29, 1967, in Hawthorne, CA) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing California's 10th Congressional District. Denham was first elected to the House in 2010.

Denham's political career began with his service in the California State Senate from 2002 to 2010.

Denham won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. The 10th Congressional District was a battleground in 2014. He and Michael Eggman (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014. Denham went on to defeat Eggman in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Denham is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Denham was born in Hawthorne, California. He earned his A.A. from Victor Valley Junior College in 1989 and a B.A. from California Polytechnic State University in 1992.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Denham's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1984-1988: United States Air Force
  • 1988-2000: United States Air Force Reserve
  • 2002-2010: California State Senate
  • 2011-Present: U.S. House of Representatives

Denham has earned several awards including:

  • Legislator of the Year by the California State Sheriffs' Association (2004)
  • Outstanding Legislator by the California State Sheriff's Association (2005)
  • Legislator of the Year by the California Small Business Association (2005)
  • Most Progressive Law Enforcement Leader of the Year by A Woman's Place of Merced (2005)
  • California Teachers Association Gold Award (2005)[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Denham serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Denham served on the following committees:[5]

State Senate

2009-2010

Denham served on these legislative committees:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[11] For more information pertaining to Denham's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Denham voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Denham voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[14]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Denham voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[15]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[17][18] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[18] Denham voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[19][20] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[20] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[21] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Denham voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[19]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[22] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[23] Denham voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[24]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[25] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Denham voted against HR 2775.[26]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Yea3.png Denham voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[27]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

King Amendment

Nay3.png In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[28][20][29]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[29]Denham was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.[20]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[29] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[30] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[31][29]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Denham voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[32]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Denham voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[33]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[34] Denham joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[35][36]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Denham voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[37]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Jeff Denham's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Denham is a Moderate Conservative. Denham received a score of 30 percent on social issues and 74 percent on economic issues.[38]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[39]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[38]

Immigration reform

Several Republican members of the U.S. House may have faced a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[40]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they were less likely to vote for their representative if he failed to support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they were less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members blocked immigration reform proposals.[40] Denham is one of the seven representatives who served in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[40]

In October 2013, Denham became the first House Republican to publicly announce his support of the sweeping immigration bill the Senate passed earlier in 2013, largely due to the work of the Senate's bipartisan Gang of Eight.[41]

Legislative scorecard

Capitol Weekly, California's major weekly periodical covering the state legislature, publishes an annual legislative scorecard to pin down the political or ideological leanings of every member of the legislature passed on how they voted on an assortment of bills in the most recent legislative session. The 2009 scores were passed on votes on 19 bills, but did not include how legislators voted on the Proposition 1A (2009). On the scorecard, "100" is a perfect liberal score and "0" is a perfect conservative score.[42][43]

On the 2009 Capitol Weekly legislative scorecard, Denham ranked as a 17.[44]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Jeff Denham endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [45]

Campaign themes

2012

Denham's campaign website listed the following issues:[46]

  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Americans need improved access to greater quality and more affordable healthcare. While we have the best trained medical professionals and the most technologically advanced facilities and equipment, our health care system is too complex and exclusive, and many individuals fall through the cracks."
  • Protecting Medicare Benefits For Our Seniors
Excerpt: "I won’t support any plan that will rob our seniors of the Medicare benefits they have paid into for their entire lives. They have earned those benefits. I want to guarantee that anyone over the age of 55 will see the benefits they deserve."
  • Economy and Jobs
Excerpt: "Currently, the unemployment rate in the San Joaquin Valley rests at an unacceptable 17 percent. We can turn this around and restore jobs to the Valley but it will require the adoption of pro-growth policies."
  • Veterans
Excerpt: "I am proud to have served my country in the United States Air Force, and I have tremendous respect for America’s military men and women who have consistently served our country with honor and valor."
  • Defense
Excerpt: "The most important duty of Congress is to provide for the defense of our nation. We must be prepared to fully support the needs of our troops in the field while preparing to meet future threats. These threats will come from other nations as well as terrorist networks that continue to threaten our way of life."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 10th Congressional District elections, 2014
SimmeringRace.jpg

Denham won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He and Michael Eggman (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, defeating Mike Barkley (D). Denham went on to defeat Eggman in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1][47]

Denham filed a "Statement of Intention" to run for Lieutenant Governor of California in the 2014 elections, but never formally entered the June 3 primary race.[48][49]

Denham was a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[50]

U.S. House, California District 10 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham Incumbent 56.1% 70,582
     Democratic Michael Eggman 43.9% 55,123
Total Votes 125,705
Source: California Secretary of State
U.S. House, California District 10 Primary, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham Incumbent 58.9% 44,237
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Eggman 26.4% 19,804
     Democratic Mike Barkley 14.7% 11,005
Total Votes 75,046
Source: California Secretary of State

2012

See also: California's 10th Congressional District elections, 2012

Denham won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 10th District as a Republican.[51][52] He was displaced from the 19th District by redistricting. He and Jose Hernandez (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Mike Barkley (D), Chad Condit (Ind) and Troy Wayne McComak (Ind). They faced off in the general election on November 6, 2012.[53][54]

U.S. House, California District 10 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham Incumbent 52.7% 110,265
     Democratic Jose Hernandez 47.3% 98,934
Total Votes 209,199
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 10 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham (R) Incumbent 49.2% 45,779
Green check mark transparent.pngJose Hernandez (D) 28% 26,072
Chad Condit (NPP) 15% 13,983
Michael Barkley (D) 5.4% 5,028
Toroy Wayne McComak (NPP) 2.3% 2,114
Total Votes 92,976

Full history


2006

In 2006 Denham was elected to the California State Senate, District 12. He finished with 90,288 votes while his opponent Wiley Nickel (D) finished with 65,130 votes.[56] Denham raised $2,372,472 in campaign funds.

California State Senate, District 12
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Jeff Denham (R) 90,288
Wiley Nickel (D) 65,130

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Denham attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Denham is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Denham raised a total of $4,013,333 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[57]

Jeff Denham's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 10) Won $2,756,588
2010 US House (California, District 19) Won $1,256,745
Grand Total Raised $4,013,333


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Denham's reports.[58]

Jeff Denham (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[59]April 15, 2013$155,472.27$215,438.67$(46,830.81)$324,080.13
July Quarterly[60]July 15, 2013$324,080.13$581,613.72$(70,857.55)$834,836.30
October Quarterly[61]October 15, 2013$834,836.30$355,148.60$(57,135.50)$1,132,849.40
Year-End[62]January 31, 2014$1,132,849$228,276$(63,250)$1,297,875
April Quarterly[63]April 15, 2014$1,297,875$360,711$(103,194)$1,555,392
Pre-Primary[64]May 22, 2014$1,555,392$111,084$(115,588)$1,550,888
July Quarterly[65]July 15, 2014$1,550,888$249,652$(112,488)$1,688,047
October Quarterly[66]October 15, 2014$1,688,047$375,654$(550,410)$1,513,291
Running totals
$2,477,577.99$(1,119,753.86)

2012

Denham won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Denham's campaign committee raised a total of $2,756,588 and spent $2,647,697.[67] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[68]

Cost per vote

Denham spent $24.01 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Denham won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Denham's campaign committee raised a total of $1,256,745 and spent $1,208,461.[69]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


2006

In 2006 Denham raised $2,372,472 in campaign donations. His top four donors are listed below.[70]

Donor Amount
Merced County Republican Party $148,010
Stanislaus County Republican Central CMTE $139,500
Monterey County Republican Party $125,000
California Republican Party $102,500

2008 recall

Main article: Jeff Denham recall

Denham faced a recall election in 2008 on June 3, which he overwhelmingly survived.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Denham's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $5,310,006 and $26,099,999. That averages to $15,705,002, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Denham ranked as the 38th most wealthy representative in 2012.[71] Between 2009 and 2012, Denham's calculated net worth[72] increased by an average of 661 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[73]

Jeff Denham Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$754,482
2012$15,705,002
Growth from 2009 to 2012:1,982%
Average annual growth:661%[74]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[75]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Denham received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Crop Production & Basic Processing industry.

From 2009-2014, 30.37 percent of Denham's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[76]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Jeff Denham Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $5,965,184
Total Spent $4,277,132
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Crop Production & Basic Processing$713,612
Leadership PACs$413,107
Casinos/Gambling$293,020
Real Estate$218,890
Dairy$172,714
% total in top industry11.96%
% total in top two industries18.89%
% total in top five industries30.37%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Denham is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Denham received in June 2013.[77]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[78]

Denham most often votes with:

Denham least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Denham missed 45 of 2,678 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.7 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[79]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Denham paid his congressional staff a total of $907,508 in 2011. He ranked 123rd on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 152nd overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[80]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Denham ranked 209th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[81]

2012

Denham ranked 163rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[82]

2011

Denham ranked 71st in the conservative rankings in 2011.[83]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Denham voted with the Republican Party 92.6 percent of the time, which ranked 172nd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[84]

2013

Denham voted with the Republican Party 96.4 percent of the time, which ranked 139th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[85]

Personal

Denham and his wife, Sonia, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jeff + Denham + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jeff Denham News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Jeffrey Denham

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Jeff Denham"
  3. "Victory Valley College," "Jeff Denham Biography," 5/26/14
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. United States Representative Jeff Denham, Proudly Serving You in Congress, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed August 1, 2011
  6. California Senate, "Senate Business, Professions and Economic Development committee membership list," accessed March 1, 2010 (dead link)
  7. California Senate, "Senate Education committee membership list," accessed March 1, 2010 (dead link)
  8. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Food and Agriculture," accessed March 1, 2010 (dead link)
  9. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Veterans Affairs," accessed March 1, 2010
  10. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Government Organization," accessed March 1, 2010 (dead link)
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
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  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
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  28. LA Times, "GOP rejects Dream Act-like deportation deferrals," accessed June 10, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Huffington Post, "Steve King Amendment Passes House To Deport More Dreamers," accessed June 10, 2013
  30. Fox News, "House votes to resume deporting young DREAM Act immigrants," accessed June 10, 2013
  31. Huffington Post, "Steve King's Amendment To The Immigration Bill Worsens The GOP's Latino Problem," accessed June 10, 2013
  32. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  34. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  35. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  36. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  37. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 On The Issues, "Jeff Denham Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  39. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  41. The Washington Post, "Jeff Denham, political outlier," accessed October 28, 2013
  42. Capitol Weekly, "Capitol Weekly's Legislative Scorecard," December 17, 2009
  43. Fox and Hounds Daily, "Random Thoughts on the Political Scene," December 18, 2009
  44. Capitol Weekly, "2009 Capitol Weekly State Legislative Scorecard (Archived)," accessed March 13, 2014
  45. The Hill, "Romney earns endorsement of freshman Rep. Jeff Denham," March 27, 2012
  46. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  47. The New York Times, "California Primary Results," May 3, 2014
  48. California Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance:Statement of Intention," accessed November 27, 2012
  49. California Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance: Candidates & Elected Officials," accessed March 25, 2014 (dead link)
  50. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013
  51. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cnnr
  52. Roll Call, "Astronaut Challenging Freshman Jeff Dunham," accessed March 3, 2012
  53. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  54. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012 (dead link)
  55. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  56. California Secretary of State, "Official 2008 General election results," accessed March 13, 2014
  57. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Jeff Denham," accessed March 22, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Pre-Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  66. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  67. Open Secrets, "Jeff Denham 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  68. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  69. Open Secrets, "Jeff Denham 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
  70. Follow the Money, "Campaign donors," accessed August 1, 2011
  71. OpenSecrets, "Jeff Denham (R-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  72. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  73. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  74. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  75. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  76. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Jeff Denham," accessed September 22, 2014
  77. GovTrack, "Jeff Denham," accessed July 21, 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Jeff Denham," accessed July 18, 2014
  79. GovTrack, "Jeff Denham," accessed July 21, 2014
  80. LegiStorm, "Jeff Denham," accessed August 21, 2012
  81. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  82. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  83. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  84. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  85. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
George Radanovich
U.S. House of Representatives - California
2011-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
California State Senate, District 12
2002-2010
Succeeded by
Anthony Cannella