Whereas, The signatory parties hereto desire to provide for joint natural resource management and enforcement of laws and regulations pertaining to natural resources and boating at the Jennings Randolph Lake Project lying in Garrett County, Maryland, and Mineral County, West Virginia, for which they have a joint responsibility; and they declare as follows:
- The Congress, under Public Law 87-874, authorized the development of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project for the North Branch of the Potomac River substantially in accordance with House Document Number 469, 87th Congress, 2nd Session for flood control, water supply, water quality and recreation; and
- Section 4 of the Flood Control Act of 1944 (CH 665, 58 STAT.534) provides that the chief of engineers, under the supervision of the secretary of war (now secretary of the army), is authorized to construct, maintain and operate public park and recreational facilities in reservoir areas under control of such secretary for the purpose of boating, swimming, bathing, fishing and other recreational purposes, so long as the same is not inconsistent with the laws for the protection of fish and wildlife of the state(s) in which such area is situated; and
- Pursuant to the authorities cited above, the U.S. army engineer district (Baltimore), hereinafter "District," did construct and now maintains and operates the Jennings Randolph Lake Project; and
- The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (P.L. 91-190) encourages productive and enjoyable harmony between man and his environment, promotes efforts which will stimulate the health and welfare of man, and encourages cooperation with state and local governments to achieve these ends; and
- The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-666C) provides for the consideration and coordination with other features of water-resource development programs through the effectual and harmonious planning, development, maintenance and coordination of wildlife conservation and rehabilitation; and
- The District has fisheries and wildlife plans as part of the District's project operational plan management; and
- In the respective states, the Maryland department of natural resources (hereinafter referred to as Maryland DNR) and the West Virginia division of natural resources (hereinafter referred to as West Virginia DNR) are primarily responsible for providing a system of control, propagation, management, protection and regulation of natural resources and boating in Maryland and West Virginia and the enforcement of laws and regulations pertaining to those resources as provided in annotated code of Maryland natural resources article and West Virginia chapter 20, respectively, and the successors thereof; and
- The District, the Maryland department of natural resources and the West Virginia division of natural resources are desirous of conserving, perpetuating and improving fish and wildlife resources and recreational benefits of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project; and
- The District and the states of Maryland and West Virginia wish to implement the aforesaid acts and responsibilities through this compact and they each recognize that consistent enforcement of the natural resources and boating laws and regulations can best be achieved by entering this compact:
The states of West Virginia and Maryland, with the concurrence of the United States department of the army, corps of engineers, hereby solemnly covenant and agree with each other, upon enactment of concurrent legislation by the Congress of the United States and by the respective state legislatures, to the Jennings Randolph Lake Project Compact, which consists of this preamble and the articles that follow:
Article 1: Name, Findings and Purpose
A. This compact shall be known and may be cited at the Jennings Randolph Lake Project Compact
B. The legislative branch of the respective signaotry parties, with the concurrence of the U.S. army corps of engineers, hereby find and declare:
- The water resources and project lands of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project are affected with local, state, regional and national interest, and the planning, conservation, utilization, protection and management of these resources, under appropriate arrangements for intergovernmental cooperation, are public purposes of the respective signatory parties; and
- The lands and waters of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project are subject to the sovereign rights and responsibilities of the signatory parties, and it is the purpose of this compact that, notwithstanding any boundary between Maryland and West Virginia that preexisted the creation of Jennings Randolph Lake, the parties will have and exercise concurrent jurisdiction over any lands and waters of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project concerning natural resources and boating laws and regulations in the common interest of the people of the region.
Article II: District Responsibilities
The District, within the Jennings Randolph Lake Project,
- Acknowledges that the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources have authorities and responsibilities in the establishment, administration and enforcement of the natural resources and boating laws and regulations applicable to this project: Provided, That the laws and regulations promulgated by the states support and implement, where applicable, the intent of the rules and regulations governing public use of water resources development projects administered by the chief of engineers in Title 36, Chapter III, Part 327, Code of Federal Regulations,
- Agrees to practice those forms of resource management as determined jointly by the District, the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources to be beneficial to natural resources and which will enhance public recreational opportunities compatible with other authorized purposes of the project,
- Agrees to consult with the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources prior to the issuance of any permits for activities or special events which would include, but not necessarily be limited to, fishing tournaments, training exercises, regattas, marine parades, placement of ski ramps, slalom water ski courses and the establishment of private markers or lighting. All such permits issued by the District will require the permittee to comply with all state laws and regulations,
- Agrees to consult with the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources regarding any recommendations for regulations affecting natural resources including, but not limited to, hunting, trapping, fishing or boating at the Jennings Randolph Lake Project which the District believes might be desirable for reasons of public safety, administration, or public use and enjoyment,
- Agrees to consult with the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources relative to the marking of the lake with buoys, aids to navigation, regulatory markers and establishing and posting of speed limits, no wake zones, restricted or other control areas and to provide, install and maintain such buoys, aids to navigation and regulatory markers as are necessary for the implementation of the District's operational management plan. All buoys, aids to navigation and regulatory markers to be used shall be marked in conformance with the uniform state waterway marking system,
- Agrees to allow hunting, trapping, boating and fishing by the public in accordance with the laws and regulations relating to the Jennings Randolph Lake Project.
- Agrees to provide, install and maintain public ramps, parking areas, courtesy docks, etc., as provided for by the approved Corps of Engineers master plan, and
- Agrees to notify the West Virginia division of natural resources and the Maryland department of natural resources of each reservoir drawdown prior thereto excepting drawdown for the reestablishment of normal lake levels following flood control operations and drawdown resulting from routine water control management operations described in the reservoir regulation manual including releases requested by water supply owners and normal water quality releases. In case of emergency releases or emergency flow curtailments, telephone or oral notification will be provided. The District reserves the right, following issuance of the above notice, to make operational and other tests which may be necessary to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the dam, for inspection and maintenance purposes, and for the gathering of water quality data both within the impoundment and in the Potomac River downstream from the dam.
Article III: State Responsibilities
The state of West Virginia and the state of Maryland agree:
- That each state will have and exercise concurrent jurisdiction with the District and the other state for the purpose of enforcing the civil and criminal laws of the respective states pertaining to natural resources and boating laws and regulations over any lands and waters of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project;
- b. That existing natural resources and boating laws and regulations already in effect in each state shall remain in force on the Jennings Randolph Lake Project until either state amends, modifies or rescinds its laws and regulations;
- c. That the agreement for fishing privileges dated the twenty-fourth day of June, one thousand nine hundred eighty-five, between the state of West Virginia and the state of Maryland, as amended, remains in full force and effect;
- d. To enforce the natural resources and boating laws and regulations applicable to the Jennings Randolph Lake Project;
- e. To supply to the District with the name, address and telephone number of the persons to be contacted when any drawdown except those resulting from normal regulation procedures occurs;
- f. To inform the reservoir manager of all emergencies or unusual activities occurring on the Jennings Randolph Lake Project;
- g. To provide training to District employees in order to familiarize them with natural resources and boating laws and regulations as they apply to the Jennings Randolph Lake Project; and
- h. To recognize that the District and other federal agencies have the right and responsibility to enforce, within the boundaries of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project, all applicable federal laws, rules and regulations so as to provide the public with safe and healthful recreational opportunities and to provide
protection to all federal property within the project.
Article IV: Mutual Cooperation
Pursuant to the aims and purposes of this compact, the state of West Virginia, the state of Maryland and the District mutually agree that representatives of their natural resource management and enforcement agencies will cooperate to further the purposes of this compact. This cooperation includes, but is not limited to, the following:
- Meeting jointly at least once annually, and providing for other meetings as deemed necessary for discussion of matters relating to the management of natural resources and visitor use on lands and waters within the Jennings Randolph Lake Project;
- Evaluating natural resources and boating, to develop natural resource and boating management plans and to initiate and carry out management programs;
- Encouraging the dissemination of joint publications, press releases or other public information and the interchange between parties of all pertinent agency policies and objectives for the use and perpetuation of natural resources of Jennings Randolph Lake Project; and
- Entering into working arrangements as occasion demands for the use of lands, waters, construction and use of buildings and other facilities at the project.
Article V: General Provisions
- Each and every provision of this compact is subject to the laws of the states of West Virginia and Maryland and the laws of the United States, and the delegated authority in each instance.
- The enforcement and applicability of natural resources and boating laws and regulations referenced in this compact shall be limited to the lands and waters of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project, including, but not limited to, the prevailing reciprocal fishing laws and regulations between the states of West Virginia and Maryland.
- Nothing in this compact shall be construed as obligating any party hereto to the expenditure of funds or the future payment of money in excess of appropriations authorized by law.
- The provisions of this compact shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of the Jennings Randolph Lake Project Compact is declared to be unconstitutional or inapplicable to any signatory party or agency of any party, the constitutionality and applicability of the compact shall not be otherwise affected as to any other provision, party or agency. It is the legislative intent that the provisions of this compact be reasonably and liberally construed to effectuate the stated purposes of the compact.
- No member of or delegate to Congress, or signatory shall be admitted to any share or part of this compact, or to any benefit that may arise therefrom; but this provision shall not be construed to extend to this agreement if made with a corporation for its general benefit.
- When this compact has been ratified by the Legislature of each respective state, when the governor of West Virginia and the governor of Maryland have executed this compact on behalf of their respective states and have caused a verified copy thereof to be filed with the secretary of state of each respective state, when the Baltimore district engineer of the U.S. army corps of engineers has executed its concurrence with this compact, and when this compact has been consented to by the Congress of the United States, then this compact shall become operative and effective.
- Either state may, by legislative act, after one year's written notice to the other, withdraw from this compact, the U.S. army corps of engineers may withdraw its concurrence with this compact upon one year's written notice from the Baltimore district engineer to the governor of each state.
- This compact may be amended from time to time.
Each proposed amendment shall be presented in resolution form to the governor of each state and the Baltimore district engineer of the U.S. army corps of engineers. An amendment to this compact shall become effective only after it has been ratified by the legislatures of both signatory states and concurred in by the U.S. army corps of engineers, Baltimore district. Amendments shall become effective thirty days after the date of the last concurrence or ratification.