Jerrold Nadler

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Jerrold Nadler
Jerrold Nadler.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 10
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1993-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 21
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorEd Towns (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$8.91 in 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1992
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,024,925
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, New York, District 8
November 3, 1992-January 3, 2013
New York State Assembly
1977-1993
Community Planning Board No. 7, Manhattan, New York
1967-1971
Education
Bachelor'sColumbia University
J.D.Fordham University
Personal
BirthdayJune 13, 1947
Place of birthBrooklyn, New York
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$16,499.50
ReligionJudaism
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Jerrold Nadler (b. June 13, 1947, in Brooklyn, NY) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 10th Congressional District. Nadler was first elected to the House in 1992 and is currently serving his eleventh consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012, against Michael Chan. Nadler previously represented New York's 8th Congressional District, but due to 2012 redistricting is currently representing the 10th District.

Nadler is a 2014 Democratic and Working Families Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 10th Congressional District of New York.[1] Nadler ran unopposed for both nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Before his congressional career, Nadler was a member of the Community Planning Board No.7 in Manhattan, New York. He also was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1977-1993.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Nadler is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Nadler was born in Brooklyn, New York. He earned a B.A. from Columbia University in 1969 and a J.D. from Fordham University in 1978.[3]

Career

While earning his B.A., Nadler served on the 7th Community Planning Board in Manhattan from 1967-1971. He served as a legislative assistant in the New York State Assembly in 1972. He also practiced law.[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Nadler serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Nadler served on the following committees:[5]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Nadler's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Nadler voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Nadler voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Nadler voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Nadler voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Nadler voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[12] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[13]

King Amendment

Nadler signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[14] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[15]. King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.pngOn September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Nadler voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Nadler voted for HR 2775.[19]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Nadler voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[20] The vote largely followed party lines.[21]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Nadler has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Nadler voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Nadler voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Jerrold Nadler's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Nadler is a Hard-Core Liberal. Nadler received a score of 78 percent on social issues and 6 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Campaign themes

2012

Nadler listed several of his campaign themes on his website:[27]

  • Cleaning up America's Electoral System
  • Defending our Liberties
  • Educating our Children
  • Investing in our Transportation Infrastructure
  • Leading the Charge for Equal Rights
  • Preserving and Expanding Affordable Housing
  • Promoting New York’s Prosperity and a Strong Economy, and Protecting Working Families
  • Protecting Americans from Terror and Safeguarding our Communities
  • Protecting our Environment
  • Protecting our Health
  • Recovering from the September 11th Terrorist Attacks
  • Standing up for our Senior Citizens
  • Strengthening New York’s Neighborhoods and Services to Constituents
  • Supporting Peace with Security in the Middle East and Fighting Anti-Semitism Around the World

House Judiciary Committee

Congressman Nadler was first appointed as a member of the House Judiciary Committee shortly after he was sworn into office in 1993.[28] Nadler has served on the committee his entire Congressional career.[29]

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 10th Congressional District elections, 2014

Nadler is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 10th District. Nadler ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: New York's 10th Congressional District elections, 2012

Nadler was seeking re-election in 2012. Due to New York's redistricting, his territory is now the 10th District rather than the 8th. Nadler was unopposed in the Democratic and Working Families Party primaries and faced Republican Michael Chan in the November 6, 2012, general election.[30] Nadler was re-elected in November.[31]

U.S. House, New York District 10 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJerrold Nadler Incumbent 69.8% 165,000
     Republican Michael Chan 16.6% 39,311
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 13.5% 32,012
Total Votes 236,323
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Nadler attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Nadler is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Nadler raised a total of $7,024,925 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[42]

Jerrold Nadler's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 10) Won $1,125,304
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $1,304,217
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $1,381,995
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $748,666
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $894,398
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $715,534
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 8) Won $854,811
Grand Total Raised $7,024,925


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Nadler’s reports.[43]

Jerrold Nadler (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly (amended)[44]July 17, 2014$454,296.52$31,626.87$(127,242.50)$358,680.89
July Quarterly (amended)[45]July 17, 2014$358,680.89$290,060.89$(142,271.34)$506,470.44
October Quarterly (amended)[46]July 17, 2014$506,470.44$83,123.62$(181,243.88)$408,350.18
Year-End Quarterly (amended)[47]July 17, 2014$408,350.18$67,466.26$(177,700.80)$298,115.64
April Quarterly (amended)[48]July 17, 2014$298,115.64$107,819.76$(131,954.54)$273,980.86
Pre-Primary (amended)[49]July 17, 2014$273,980.86$142,210.00$(143,569.68)$272,621.18
July Quarterly (amended)[50]August 6, 2014$272,621.18$151,233.00$(55,703.52)$368,150.66
October Quarterly[51]October 13, 2014$368,150.66$157,440.14$(152,091.20)$373,499.60
Pre-General[52]October 20, 2014$373,499.60$14,750.00$(27,416.20)$360,833.40
Running totals
$1,045,730.54$(1,139,193.66)

2012

Nadler won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Nadler's campaign committee raised a total of $1,125,304 and spent $1,471,936.[53]

Cost per vote

Nadler spent $8.91 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Nadler was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a tenth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,304,217 and spent $1,509,082.[54]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Nadler's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-47,998 and $14,999. That averages to $16,499.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Nadler ranked as the 421st most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2004 and 2012, Nadler's calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 14 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Jerrold Nadler Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$137,956
2012$-16,499
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-112%
Average annual growth:-14%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Nadler received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1991-2014, 38.65 percent of Nadler's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Jerrold Nadler Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $10,084,395
Total Spent $9,706,118
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,386,098
Real Estate$856,939
Securities & Investment$724,910
Transportation Unions$543,300
TV/Movies/Music$386,246
% total in top industry13.74%
% total in top two industries22.24%
% total in top five industries38.65%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Nadler is a "far-left Democratic leader" as of August 2013.[61] This was the same rating Nadler received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Nadler most often votes with:

Nadler least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Nadler missed 674 of 14,551 roll call votes from January 1993 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[61]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Nadler paid his congressional staff a total of $1,302,039 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Nadler ranked 39th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[64]

2012

Nadler ranked 15th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[65]

2011

Nadler ranked 36th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[66]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Nadler voted with the Democratic Party 93.9 percent of the time, which ranked 75th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[67]

2013

Nadler voted with the Democratic Party 91.2 percent of the time, which ranked 156th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[68]

Personal

Rep. Nadler is a graduate of Crown Heights Yeshiva, Stuyvesant High School, Columbia University and Fordham Law School. He lives on the West Side of Manhattan with his wife, Joyce Miller. They have one son, Michael.[69]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jerrold + Nadler + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jerrold Nadler News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "NADLER, Jerrold Lewis, (1947 - )"
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Information"
  6. United States House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, "Committee on Judiciary Subcommittee Jurisdiction" (dead link)
  7. Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Chairman John L. Mica, "Subcommittees"
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Nadler's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 7, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "Nadler on agriculture," accessed October 7, 2013
  13. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 23, 2013
  15. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Nadler's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 7, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Nadler's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 7, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Nadler on abortion," accessed October 7, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Jerrold Nadler Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. Campaign website, "Issues"
  28. Government Printing Office, "Legislative Calendar of the 103rd Congress"
  29. Government Printing Office, "Records of the House Judiciary Committee"
  30. New York Board of Elections, "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," accessed June 11, 2012
  31. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Jerrold Nadler," accessed March 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler April Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler Year-End Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler April Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Jerrold Nadler Pre-General," accessed October 23, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Jerrold Nadler 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Jerrold Nadler 2010 Election Data," accessed December 14, 2011
  55. Open Secrets, "Jerrold Nadler (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Jerrold Nadler," accessed September 26, 2014
  61. 61.0 61.1 GovTrack, "Jerrold Nadler," accessed August 5, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Jerrold Nadler," accessed August 5, 2014
  63. LegiStorm, "Jerrold Nadler," accessed October 2, 2012
  64. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014
  65. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  66. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  69. Congressman Jerrold Nadler, Proudly Serving the 8th District of New York, "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
Ed Towns
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 10
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Theodore S. Weiss
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 8
1992–2013
Succeeded by
Hakeem Jeffries
Preceded by
'
New York State Assembly - District 67
1983–1993
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
New York State Assembly - District 69
1977–1983
Succeeded by
'