Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jim McGovern
James P McGovern.jpg
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1997-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 26
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorRichard E. Neal (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$5.04 in 2014
First elected1996
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$8,024,798
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sAmerican University
Master'sAmerican University
Personal
Date of birthNovember 20, 1959
Place of birthWorcester, Massachusetts
ProfessionElected official
Net worth$3,206,005
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
James "Jim" McGovern (b. November 20, 1959, in Worcester, MA) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District. McGovern was first elected to the House in 1996 and won re-election on November 4, 2014. McGovern had previously represented the 3rd District but due to redistricting in 2012, he now represents the 2nd District.[1]

He was unopposed in the primary and faced no major party challenger in the general election.[2]

Prior to his election to the House, McGovern served as senior aide to Rep. John Joseph Moakley and was also appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the murder of six Jesuit priests by the Salvadoran Army.[3][4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, McGovern is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

McGovern was born in Worcester, MA.[5] He earned his B.A. and M.P.A. from American University in 1981 and 1984, respectively.[6]

In 1990, McGovern was appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in El Salvador by the Salvadoran Army. That commission's report ultimately led to a change in the U.S. foreign policy on aid to other countries.[7]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of McGovern's academic, professional and political career:[8]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

McGovern serves on the following committees:[9]

2013-2014

McGovern served on the following committees:[10][11]

2011-2012

McGovern served on the following committees and subcommittees:[12]

  • Committee on Rules
    • Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House Ranking Member
  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, and Credit
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[13] For more information pertaining to McGovern's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[14]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including McGovern, voted against the resolution.[15][16][17]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. McGovern voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[18][19]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[20] For more information pertaining to McGovern's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[21]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png McGovern voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[22]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png McGovern voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[22]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[23] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[24][25] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[25] McGovern voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[26][27] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[27] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[28] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. McGovern joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[26][27]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[29] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[30] McGovern voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[31]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[32] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. McGovern voted for HR 2775.[33]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png McGovern voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[34] The vote largely followed party lines.[35]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png McGovern has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[36]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png McGovern voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[37]

SNAP challenge

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including McGovern, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[38] Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[39]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png McGovern voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[40]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Jim McGovern's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, McGovern is a Hard-Core Liberal.[41] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[42][43] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. McGovern was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[42][43]

Social issues

SNAP challenge

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including McGovern, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[38] Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[44]

Campaign themes

2012

On his campaign website, McGovern listed the following seven issues.[45]

  • Economy and Jobs

On his website, McGovern said, "As the son of small business owners, Jim McGovern knows that small business is the backbone of America’s economy. Jim grew up working in his parent’s package store in Worcester, so he knows what it takes to help businesses grow."

  • Education

On his website, McGovern said, "The Third District is home to some of the best institutions of higher education in the world. And Jim McGovern has been worked tirelessly to help families afford a higher education, including authoring legislation to increase Pell Grants. Jim believes that for students who get into college, the focus should be on succeeding in school, not on worrying about how they will pay for it."

  • Energy

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim believes we must reduce our dependence on foreign oil, improve energy efficiency and – most important – create new clean energy jobs here in Massachusetts."

  • Iraq and Afghanistan

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern voted against the war in Iraq. He believes it was a war of choice, not necessity. There were no weapons of mass destruction. The costs have been enormous."

  • Social Security and Medicare

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that Social Security and Medicare are sacred promises – commitments that our nation has made to ensure that our senior citizens can live their lives with dignity. Those promises must not be broken."

  • Veterans

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that there is no higher priority for our nation than providing for our brave men and women who have worn the uniform of the United States. Jim is a strong supporter of programs that provide health care, education, and economic opportunity for our veterans."

  • Wall Street Reform

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that for years, Wall Street and the Big Banks exploited loopholes, gambled people’s hard-earned money on complex schemes, and rewarded failure and recklessness while Republicans turned a blind eye. America’s families and businesses paid the price. Jim has been a strong supporter of reforming Wall Street to protect consumers and to hold the people who got us into this mess accountable."[45]

Elections

2014

See also: Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

McGovern won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on September 9, 2014, and faced no major party opposition in the November general election.[2]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 71.9% 169,640
     Write-in Other 1.3% 3,105
     Blank None 26.7% 63,068
Total Votes 235,813
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State Official Results

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

McGovern ran for re-election in 2012. He won re-election in the 2nd Congressional District of Massachusetts. He defeated William Feegbeh in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.[46]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 75.6% 259,257
     N/A All Others 1.2% 4,078
     N/A Blank Votes 23.2% 79,401
Total Votes 342,736
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"
U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 91.5% 24,231
William Feegbeh 8.5% 2,258
Total Votes 26,489

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events McGovern attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for McGovern is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, McGovern raised a total of $8,024,798 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[55]

Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 2) Won $874,483
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 2) Won $1,068,822
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,839,052
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,085,779
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $755,594
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $924,147
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $628,348
2000 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $848,573
Grand Total Raised $8,024,798


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

McGovern won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $874,483 and spent $855,086.[56] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[57]

Cost per vote

McGovern spent $5.04 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2, 2014 - Jim McGovern (Massachusetts) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $874,483
Total Spent $855,086
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)'s campaign committee
American Assn for Justice$10,000
Berkshire Hathaway$10,000
CSX Corp$10,000
General Mills$10,000
Machinists/Aerospace Workers Union$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$53,100
Railroads$47,250
Health Professionals$33,500
Lobbyists$31,000
Public Sector Unions$26,500

Below are McGovern's FEC reports.[58]

2012

McGovern won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,068,822 and spent $740,709.[64]

Cost per vote

McGovern spent $2.86 per vote received in 2012.


2010

McGovern won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,839,052 and spent $2,145,195.[65]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, McGovern's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,107,010 and $5,305,000. That averages to $3,206,005, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. McGovern ranked as the 101st most wealthy representative in 2012.[66] Between 2004 and 2012, McGovern's calculated net worth[67] increased by an average of 57 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[68]

Jim McGovern Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$576,114
2012$3,206,005
Growth from 2004 to 2012:456%
Average annual growth:57%[69]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[70]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). McGovern received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1993-2014, 19.52 percent of McGovern's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[71]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Jim McGovern (Massachusetts) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $10,340,211
Total Spent $9,960,607
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$558,659
Lobbyists$433,073
Building Trade Unions$363,550
Public Sector Unions$349,900
Transportation Unions$313,225
% total in top industry5.4%
% total in top two industries9.59%
% total in top five industries19.52%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, McGovern was a "far-left Democratic leader," as of August 4, 2014. This was the same rating McGovern received in June 2013.[72]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[73]

McGovern most often votes with:

McGovern least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, McGovern missed 186 of 12,089 roll call votes from January 1997 to August 2014, which is 1.5%. This is better than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[74]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McGovern paid his congressional staff a total of $1,042,016 in 2011. He ranked 91st on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 118th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[75]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2013

McGovern ranked 8th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[76]

2012

McGovern was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There were 13 other representatives that shared this ranking. This was the most liberal ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.[77]

2011

McGovern ranked 21st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[78]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

McGovern voted with the Democratic Party 93.3 percent of the time, which ranked 100th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[79]

2013

McGovern voted with the Democratic Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 135th among the 201 House Democratic members as of November 2013.[80]

Personal

McGovern is married to Lisa. They have two children. McGovern has two sisters.[81]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jim + McGovern + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jim McGovern News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link
Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
James McGovern


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts," accessed 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Politico, "2014 Massachusetts House Primaries Results," accessed September 9, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  4. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011 (dead link)
  5. Jim McGovern Campaign website, "About Jim," accessed November 23, 2011
  6. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "McGOVERN, James P., (1959 - )," accessed 2012
  7. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011 (dead link)
  8. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  9. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  10. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  11. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  12. Official McGovern House Website, "Biography," accessed on November 23, 2011 (dead link)
  13. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  15. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  16. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  17. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  18. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  19. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  20. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  21. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 23, 2013
  23. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  24. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  28. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  29. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  31. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  32. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  33. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  34. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  35. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 23, 2013
  36. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 23, 2013
  37. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 23, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013 (dead link)
  39. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  40. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  41. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  42. 42.0 42.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  43. 43.0 43.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  44. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  45. 45.0 45.1 Jim McGovern for Congress, "Issues," accessed August 11, 2012
  46. Associated Press, "Massachusetts Primary Results," accessed September 6, 2012
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  55. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovernor," accessed May 16, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovern 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 7, 2015
  57. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 7, 2015
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern Summary Report," accessed July 25, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  64. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovern 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  65. Open Secrets, "James McGovern 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 23, 2011
  66. OpenSecrets, "McGovern (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  67. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  68. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  69. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  70. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  71. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. James P. McGovern," accessed September 24, 2014
  72. GovTrack, "McGovern," accessed August 4, 2014
  73. OpenCongress, "Jim McGovern," accessed August 4, 2014
  74. GovTrack, "James McGovern," accessed August 4, 2014
  75. LegiStorm, "Jim McGovern," accessed 2012
  76. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 4, 2014
  77. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  78. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  79. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  80. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  81. Project Vote Smart, "Summary," accessed November 23, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Neal
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 2
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Peter Blute
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 3
1989-2013
Succeeded by
Niki Tsongas