Jimmy Carter

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Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter.jpg
President of the United States
Former officeholder
In office
January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorGerald Ford
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 2, 1976
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Governor of Georgia
1971-1975
Georgia State Senator
1963-1967
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Navy
Years of service1946-1953
Personal
BirthdayOctober 1, 1924
Place of birthPlains, Georgia
ProfessionActor, politician
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr. (b. on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia) was the 39th President of the United States. He served from 1977 to 1981.[1]

Prior to serving as president, Carter served as the governor of Georgia and represented the 14th District in the Georgia State Senate. Before becoming a politician, he served in the United States Navy.[2]

Biography

Carter was born in Plains, Georgia and was the first of his father's side of the family to graduate from high school. He attended the Georgia Southwestern Junior College where he enrolled in the Naval ROTC program. He attended the Georgia Institute of Technology for one year before enrolling in the U.S. Naval Academy. Carter graduated in the top ten percent of his class from the Naval Academy before serving in Norfolk, Virginia, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and Schenectady, New York in the Navy. He married Rossalyn Smith early in his naval career.[2]

In 1953, following the death of his father, Carter moved his family back to rural Georgia to tend to the family farm and his mother. He engaged in local politics, serving as the chairman of the Sumter County Board of Education before running for a seat in the Georgia State Senate in 1962. While losing the election at first, he appealed the results and won the seat when a judge threw out fraudulent votes for his opponent. He lost election to become governor of Georgia in 1966 but won when he ran again in 1970. Limited to one term under Georgia law, he positioned himself to run for the U.S. presidency in the 1976 election. He won the Democratic nomination and defeated incumbent Gerald Ford in the general election.[2]

His presidency was marred by the energy crisis in 1979 and the Iranian hostage, leading to a rapidly dropping approval rating, but he did peacefully negotiate the Camp David Peace Accords between Egypt and Israel. Sixty-six United States citizens were taken hostage in Iran leading into his re-election campaign, which greatly impacted his public support. He lost re-election in 1980 to Ronald Reagan. He revived his legacy post-presidency through his involvement in human rights activism and Habitat for Humanity. He earned a Nobel Peace Prize as well as the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Carter's academic, professional and political career:[2][1]

  • 1941-1942: Attended Georgia Southwestern Junior College
  • 1942-1943: Attended Georgia Institute of Technology
  • 1943-1946: Graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy
  • 1946-1953: Served in the United States Navy
  • 1953-1962: Worked on his farm and owned Carter's Warehouse
  • 1963-1967: Georgia State Senator representing the 14th District
  • 1966: Lost election for Governor of Georgia
  • 1971-1975: Governor of Georgia
  • 1977-1981: President of the United States of America
  • 1982: Professor at Emory University
  • 1982: Carter Center opened in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1980: Lost re-election for U.S. presidency
  • 1999: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 2002: Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Elections

1980 presidential election

In 1980, Carter was defeated by Ronald Reagan (R) in the general election for the United States presidency.

U.S. presidential election, 1980
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRonald Reagan/George H.W. Bush 50.9% 43,903,230 489
     Democratic Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale 41.1% 35,480,115 49
     Independent John Anderson/Patrick Lucey 6.6% 5,719,850 0
     Libertarian Edward Clark/David Koch 1.1% 921,128 0
     Citizens Barry Commoner/LaDonna Harris 0.3% 233,052 0
Total Votes 86,257,375 538
Election Results Via: 1980 official election results

Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. Those candidates included: Gus Hall, John Rarick, Clifton DeBerry, Ellen McCormack, Maureen Smith, Deirdre Griswold, Benjamin Bubar, David McReynolds, Percy Greaves Jr., Andrew Pulley, Richard Congress, Kurt Lynen, Bill Gahres, Frank Shelton, Martin Wendelken and Harley McLain.[3]

1976 presidential election

In 1976, Carter defeated incumbent Gerald Ford (R) in the general election for the United States presidency.

U.S. presidential election, 1976
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJimmy Carter/Walter Mondale 50.2% 40,831,881 297
     Republican Gerald Ford/Bob Dole 48.1% 39,148,634 240
     Independent Eugene McCarthy 0.9% 744,763 0
     Libertarian Roger MacBride/David Bergland 0.2% 172,557 0
     American Independent Lester Maddux/William Dyke 0.2% 170,373 0
     American Thomas Anderson/Rufus Shackelford 0.2% 158,724 0
     Socialist Workers Peter Camejo/Willie Mae Reid 0.1% 90,986 0
Total Votes 81,317,918 537
Election Results Via: 1976 official election results

Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. Those candidates included: Gus Hall, Margaret Wright, Lyndon LaRouche, Benjamin Bubar, Julius Levin, Frank Zeidler, Ernest Miller, Frank Taylor and various write-in candidates.[4]

Personal

Carter is married to Rosalynn Carter, with whom he has four children. He has been a large supporter of Habitat for Humanity and is a human rights advocate for Africa, Asia and South America. In 1999, he won the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 2002 he won the Nobel Peace Prize. He also won a Grammy award for the spoken word reading of his book Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis.[1][2]

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See also

External links

References